1. Is the tongue an organ or a muscle?
The tongue is a mass muscle and is one of the major organs of the human body. It is divided into two parts which are the anterior and posterior and these consist of various glands and muscles. Moreover, there are thousands of taste buds spread across the surface of the tongue which helps us detect taste from the food which makes it the primary organ of taste in the gustatory system. It also has primary roles in speech, chewing and swallowing of food and because of saliva, it also partially digests the food.
2. What are the salivary glands present in the human body?
There are three salivary glands present in the human body
Parotid glands: Located opposite to the second upper molar tooth its secreted serous saliva which assists in mastication and swallowing of food.
Submaxillary glands: They are also called the submandibular glands and are located alongside the lower jawbone. They also secreted serous saliva.
Sublingual glands: These glands are located beneath the mucous membrane of the floor of the oral cavity, near the chin region. These glands secrete a mixed fluid which consists mainly of mucus.