NEET'22 Crash Course

Mandible Meaning

The face in a human body is a complex combination of muscles and bones that make up the entire structure. The mandible is one of the bones that is located on the lower side of the entire facial skeleton. It is also known as the strongest and the largest bone that is a part of the facial skeleton. 


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The formation of the mandible is to create the lower jaw of a human face. The mandible basically acts as the receptacle for our lower teeth. This bone is also articulated on both the sides of the temporal bone and creates the temporomandibular joint of the face. In this article, students are going to learn about mandible meaning and the structure that it has. 


Mandible Anatomy: What are its Parts? 

The anatomy of a mandible bone is pretty complicated and hence is important to study. There is a horizontal body present in the mandible. It is visible from the anterior side. There are also two different vertical rami present in the mandible which is visible from the posterior side. The body of the mandible and the rami tend to connect with each other at the angle of mandible. 


Body of Mandible 

The body of the mandible is curved and shaped much like a horseshoe. It has two borders and it helps in holding down the lower part of the teeth. The other part is known as the base and it is the inferior part of the mandible body. This part acts as the attachment site for the digastric muscle. There is a detailed description of the mandible body in this article which can help students know more about the structure of the mandible body and the important parts that constitute the body in the first place.

The midline of the body is marked with the mandibular symphysis. This is basically a small ridge created in the bone which is a representation of the fusion that happens between the two different halves during the process of development. There is a triangular eminence present in the symphysis which is known as the mental protuberance and it forms the chin shape in the face. It is one of the most important parts of mandible. 

The mental foramen is situated in the lateral side of the mental protuberance. The location is beneath the second premolar tooth that exists on either side. This basically acts as the gateway for other neurovascular structures. 


Ramus of Mandible 

In the mandible, there are two rami that project in a perpendicular manner in the upward direction to the mandible angle. Every single ramus has some bony landmarks which are discussed here. The head of the ramus is located posteriorly and it connects with the temporal bone in order to create the temporomandibular joint. The neck on the other hand provides support to the head and is the attachment site for the lateral pterygoid muscle. The temporalis muscle attaches with the ramus in the coronoid process. The internal surface situated in the ramus has the mandibular foramen which acts as the gateway for neurovascular structures in the mandible bone. 


Foramina

The foramen is a term used to refer to any particular opening through which different neurovascular structures are able to travel. There are two foramina that mark the mandible. The location of the mandibular foramen is on the inner side of the mandible ramus. It basically serves as a particular conduit for the inferior alveolar artery and nerve. These structures tend to travel by the mandibular foramen and enter the mandibular canal while exiting through the mental foramen. 

Apart from the mandibular foramen, there is the mental foramen that is located in the external surface of the body of the mandible. The location is beneath the 2nd premolar tooth on either side. The inferior alveolar artery and nerve can exit through this particular structure. 


Mandible Structure Attachments and Fractures

The main function of the mandible is to act as the attachment for different muscles that include the muscles of mastication as well. 

  • External or lateral surfaces include the mentalist, platysma, buccinator, depressor anguli oris, and depressor labii inferioris.

  • The internal or medial surface includes the genioglossus, mylohyoid, digastric, and geniohyoid.

  • Mandibular rami include the masseter, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid, and temporalis.

  • The muscle in the temporalis is attached to the coronoid process. The rami are attached to the masseter. 


Conclusion 

The above article provides an explanation regarding the mandible. This bone is known to be the largest bone in the entire skeleton of the face. Students can use the article to gain more information on mandible and maxilla and the different structures that are a part of the mandible.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the mandible?

In the human body, there are different bones and muscles that make up the entire structure of the face. The mandible is one of the bones that are part of the facial skeleton. The location of the mandible is on the lower side of the skeleton of the face. It is also known as the largest and strongest bone structure in the face. Hence, it is a very important part of the facial skeleton as it helps in supporting the jaw of a human face. According to mandible meaning, it is a receptacle for the lower teeth. This bone articulates properly on both sides of our temporal bone in order to create the temporomandibular joint.

2. What is the foramen in mandible?

The foramen is a very important part of the mandible as it acts as the gateway for neurovascular structures so that they can pass freely without any intrusion. This term is used to define any particular opening that is used for the transport of the neurovascular structures. There are 2 different types of foramina present in the mandible. One of them is known as the mandibular foramen and the other is known as the mental foramen. The mandibular foramen is situated in the ramus of the mandible and the mental foramen is situated on the outer side of the mandible body. These foramina act as the passage for the inferior artery and nerve.

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