Staphylococcus or more commonly known as staph is a term used to describe the bacteria that results in the formation of many severe diseases in human beings. Due to the infestation of staph, some diseases that are caused tend to be directly infectious in nature.
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There are some toxins that are produced by the bacteria which are specifically harmful. Impetigo, boils, toxic shock syndrome as well as cellulitis are some examples of different diseases that can be caused due to the infestation of staphylococcus. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, also known as MRSA, is resistant to penicillin.
Staphylococcus can be defined as the bacterial group or germ/microbe group that results in various infectious diseases that affect the different tissues in the bodies of organisms. More commonly called Staph, these bacteria are of a serious kind and can cause mild to potentially fatal ailments in people. Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the main examples of the bacteria that cause such infectious diseases in people.
The name of the bacteria is derived from the Greek terms staphyle and kokkos that translate to grapes and berries. The name has been selected for the bacteria because this is what it looks like under the microscope.
There are about 30 different types of staphylococcus bacteria that can harm humans. However, the most effective and dangerous one would be the staphylococcus aureus. These bacteria mostly reside on the skin and the nose of about 30% of adults who are healthy and in about 25% of people belonging to the medical industry. In the majority of the cases, the bacteria don’t tend to form any particular disease. But in some cases, an injury or a cut in the skin can cause the bacteria to penetrate all the defence mechanisms of the body and it can result in an infection. The groups of people who are always at risk due to the coagulase negative staphylococcus include newborn infants, drug users, and patients who have had certain surgical incisions made in their bodies.
Although there are some groups of people who tend to develop a higher level of risk for a staphylococcus infection, it can happen to anyone. Most people, such as newborn infants, women who are breastfeeding, and people that have certain chronic conditions, are always at risk. These are the people who don’t have a strong immune system and hence are prone to diseases.
People who have diseases such as cancer, diabetes, lung diseases, and vascular diseases are also at high risk. Apart from that, people who have been injecting drugs and have undergone surgery can also develop the infection from staphylococcus haemolyticus.
The staphylococcus bacterial infection can be contagious until the resolution of the infection is complete. If someone comes in contact directly with a sore that is infected, it can lead to them developing an infection. People can also have an infection from touching personal care products such as razors and bandages. However, casual forms of contact such as hugging and kissing don’t really pose much of a risk of transmission. The person shouldn’t come in contact directly with the area that is infected.
There are certain types of infections related to the organisms that tend to cause toxic shock syndrome and food poisoning in people. These bacteria are the ones that cause the diseases with the production of a particular type of toxin. However, the toxin is not that contagious in nature.
There are so many types of different infections that can arise from the bacteria already present in the skin and the mucous membrane. Hence, the incubation period for such cases is not known. However, in other cases, when the infection has spread from another person, the period lasts for about 10 days in total.
If the staphylococcus bacteria affect the skin, it will form pus, which is collected and forms an abscess, furuncle, or a boil of some sort. Some of the symptoms that are seen in the case of a staph infection include redness, swollen skin, high fever, low blood pressure, and painful skin. In case a person identifies these symptoms, they can make an appointment with their doctor and get proper staphylococcus aureus treatment.
The above-mentioned article provides an explanation for staphylococcus epidermidis. These bacteria create many infectious diseases in people. Students can use the article to gain more information about the topic.
1. How does a staphylococcus infection diagnosis take place?
In order to make sure that the staphylococcus infection or the staph infection is properly diagnosed in a patient, the doctors might perform a series of tests and examinations. One of the first things that the doctor will do is perform a proper physical examination. They will check for skin lesions in case the patient has any.
Most often, it is also seen that they check a particular tissue sample as well as some nasal secretions in order to find the bacteria. In case the patient is diagnosed with a staphylococcus infection, the doctor might order a proper imaging test that is known as an echocardiogram. This is in order to check if the staph infection has affected the heart or not.
2. How can a staphylococcus infection be treated?
In case the patient has a staphylococcus infection, there are a number of useful treatment options for the people. For example, several tests are conducted by the doctor in order to identify the type of staph infection bacteria that is affecting the body. This process helps in the selection of different antibiotics which the patient shall have.
Some of the commonly prescribed antibiotics include cefazolin, vancomycin, linezolid, and, telavancin. In case there is a skin infection, the doctor might also perform the task of wound drainage by making an incision on the area in order to drain the fluid. In case the infection is caused due to a prosthetic or device, the prompt removal of the device can solve the problem. In some other cases, surgery is required for the removal.