Sex hormones are the hormones that are responsible for the sexual development of creatures. Hormones can be defined as the chemical messengers that are regularly produced by certain glands known as endocrine glands. These glands tend to secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream of humans. These hormones are very helpful when it comes to the regulation of different functions of the body like appetite, growth, sleep, and much more. Let us provide you with an example. In this article, we are going to have a detailed discussion about sex hormones and what role they have to play in the body of organisms. Students will get to learn what is sex hormone and much more.
Sex hormones are basically the hormones that tend to play a very important role in the sexual development as well as the reproduction of organisms. These hormones are produced mainly by certain adrenal glands and the gonads. The main involvement of sex hormones happens in sexual development, inflammatory responses, puberty, increase in hair growth, regulation of cholesterol levels, and regulation of body fat levels as well. One very important thing to keep in mind about sex hormones is that the levels of these hormones tend to keep on fluctuating throughout the lifespan of an organism. These changes might also have an effect on the health of people such as infertility, bone loss, and hair loss. So, this is the sex hormones definition.
There are certain factors that tend to affect sex hormone production in the body. These factors include age, menopause, menstruation, stress, and medications.
Female Sex Hormones
In a female body, the sex hormones are mostly secreted by the adrenal glands as well as the ovaries. Some of the main sex hormones that are found in the body of a female are estrogen, progesterone, and a small amount of testosterone as well.
The hormone known as progesterone is the one that is mainly produced by the ovaries, placenta, and adrenal glands. During the period of ovulation, the female body has a very high level of progesterone and hence it helps in the pregnancy.
When the levels of progesterone decrease it is found that there is often an imbalance in a woman’s menstrual cycle. This can also lead to certain complications with pregnancy.
Another of the main sex hormones found in the body of a female is estrogen. This is a hormone that is produced mainly in the ovaries. However, the fat cells and adrenal glands do secrete a little bit of estrogen. This is a hormone that regulated the reproductive and sexual development that happens during the period of puberty in females.
The female body also secretes a bit of testosterone. This hormone has an effect on the fertility, RBC production, and menstruation cycle of the female.
Male Sex Hormones
When it comes to the male body, there is just one sex hormone that is produced there. It is known as testosterone. This particular sex hormone is basically responsible for the regulation of reproductive and sexual development in a male body. This hormone is a part of the male hormone class that is known as androgens. There is another term that is used for it and it is known as steroids. The hormone is produced in the testes of men and there is a very small amount of testosterone that is produced in the adrenal glands.
The production of testosterone is mainly controlled by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. The hormone plays a very important role in the growth and development of different male sex organs that help in the birth of secondary sexual traits and characteristics. These tend to take more effect during the period of puberty in men.
When there is a decrease in the testosterone level in the male body, it can lead to several issues such as low sperm count, impotence, depression, shrunken testes, irritability, and much more. One of the most important things to know about testosterone is that it tends to decrease with the increase of age in a male.
Functions of Sex Hormones
Now that you know what is sex hormone you need to know about the functions that it has as well. To be honest, there are many functions to sex hormones. These hormones play a key role in the puberty of both males and females. One of the main roles of sex hormones is to develop the secondary sexual traits and characteristics in human beings. It is also responsible for some major changes that happen during adolescence. In females, sex hormones tend to regulate pregnancy and sexual development as well. These hormones also have a very important role to play in the regulation of menstrual cycles, mental health, and much more.