×

Scientific Name of Rat Snake

Top
FAQ

What is the Scientific Name of Rat Snake?

Download PDF
Bookmark added to your notes.
View Notes
×

Taxonomy is the scientific study of classification criteria and procedures. A. P. de Candolle suggested this term. The following four points are investigated in this scientific study:

  • Identification

  • Nomenclature

  • Classification 

  • Affinities 

Before starting the scientific name for rat snake let’s discuss the nomenclature. Nomenclature includes a binomial system of nomenclature. The binomial approach was first proposed by Gaspard Bauhin.In his book- Pinx theatre botanica. Carolus Linnaeus was the first scientist who used this nomenclature system for the first time. He used this system on a large scale and proposed the scientific name of all plants and animals. Therefore, he is known as the founder of the binomial nomenclature. He wrote the scientific name of both plants and animals. For plants, Linnaeus gives the scientific name in his book “Species Plantarum”. This book was published on 1 May 1753. So, this was the initiation of the binomial nomenclature system for plants. Therefore, any name proposed before this date is not accepted today. 

Linnaeus proposed scientific names for animals in his book "Systema Naturae" (10th edition). The tenth edition of Systema Naturae was published on August 1, 1758. As a consequence, it is believed that the binomial scheme for animals began on August 1, 1758.

Let’s come to our main question: what is the scientific name of a rat snake? The scientific name for rat snake is “Ptyas mucosus”. In the rat snake scientific name, the genus name should start with the capital letter and the name of the species should be written with a small letter. The rat snake scientific name contains a gap between the genus name and the species name. There is no need to write the name of the scientist at the end of the black rat snake scientific name. The black rat snake is commonly known as a western rat snake. The rat snake is a non-poisonous snake. The rat snake is a member of the reptilia group.


[Image will be uploaded soon]


Rat Snake 


History of Reptiles

Reptilia originated during the carboniferous period of the palaeozoic era. The Mesozoic era is the golden age of reptiles. The branch of biology that deals with the study of reptiles are known as herpetology. These were the first successful terrestrial animals.


General Characteristics:

  • Although the majority of these species are marine, a few are aquatic.

  • The four parts of the body are the head, neck, trunk, and tail.

  • Their skin is dry, cornified, rough, non-glandular. Snakes shed their skin.

  • Snakes do not possess limbs.

  • Horny epidermal scales, bony scutes, and bony plates make up their exoskeleton.

  • A complete alimentary canal is found in these animals that opens into the cloaca.

  • Teeth are acrodont and thecodont pleurodont type.

  • The tongue is protrusible.

  • Respiration in these animals is by lungs, throughout life, but members of order Chelonia can respire through the cloaca.

  • In these animals, hear is incompletely four-chambered,  complete auricle and two incomplete ventricles. Right and left both systemic arches are present.

  • The endoskeleton of these animals is made up of bone.

  • Monocondylic skulls are monocondylic since they have only one occipital condyle.

  • Ribs are present in the neck and thorax ribs of the thoracic region make true sternum.

  • These species have 12 pairs of cranial nerves.


Classification of Rat Snake

The classification of the rat snake is given below:

Kingdom- Animalia

Phylum- Chordata

Family- Colubridae

Class- Reptilia

Order- Squamata

Sub-Order- Ophidia

Genus- Ptyas 

Species- mucosus


General Characteristics of the Suborder Ophidia are Given Below:

  • Members of this suborder are normally called snakes.

  • Ophiology, or serpentology, is the science of snakes.

  • The body of the members of this suborder is long, thin, smooth and limbless.

  • Eyelids are immovable and the nictitating membrane in the eyes are absent.

  • Girdles, sternum and urinary bladder are absent.

  • Auditory opening and tympanum are absent. No middle ear is present.

  • The tongue is small, long, and bifid, and it is odour and vibration sensitive.

  • The left lung is ill-developed.

  • Leathery shell is found on the egg of snakes.

Did You Know?

  • Ptyas mucosus is a non-poisonous snake.

  • The rat snake is known as a friend of farmers, as they feed on rats.

  • The rat snake is commonly known as Dhaman.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Scientific Name of a Rat Snake?

Answer: The rat snake scientific name is “Ptyas mucosus”.

2. Explain the Reproduction in the Reptile Group.

Answer: Genital aperture is not separate from the anus. A single cloacal aperture connects the ureters, genital ducts, and alimentary canal. These are unisexual organism, fertilization is internal. One or two penises are found in male animals as copulatory organs. The majority of these species are oviparous, but some are still viviparous. The amount of yolk is very much in their eggs. Eggs are polylecithal and telolecithal. Eggs are cleidoic means eggs are covered by a shell made up of calcium carbonate. Cleidoic eggs are an adaptation for terrestrial habitat. Eggs are leathery.