MCQs on Pteridophyta

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What are Pteridophytes?

The pteridophyte is derived from two words; Pteron, meaning feather in Greek, and phyton means herb. So, this name was originally given to those plant groups that had well shaped feather like leaves. These plants carry no flowers or seeds. Therefore, they are also called Cryptogams, simply because their means of reproduction are secret. A cryptogam, Cryptogamae scientifically is a plant (in the broad sense of the word) which reproduces by spores, without flowers or seeds.

"Cryptogamae" taken from Greek, that is, kryptos meaning "hidden" + gamae meaning "to marry." The hidden reproduction refers to the fact that cryptogams represent the non-seed - bearing plants without the production of seeds. We are in reality the first developed group of plants with a vascular tissue network for water and food transport. They 're found mostly in dark, damp areas. They cover ferns and horse-tails. The ferns are mostly used as ornamental plants.

Importance of MCQs

This set of Multiple - Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on "pteridophytes." These questions are short and sharp that covers the whole topic and lets student to assess their knowledge on a given topic.

Solved multiple choice questions

1. Which of These is a Member of Vascular Cryptogams? 

  1. Bryophyta                        

  2. Pteridophyta

  3. Gymnosperms                 

  4. Angiosperms

Solution: B

2. Sporangium is Produced From………………. In Eusporangiate Ferns?

  1. A single, superficial sporangial initial

  2. A group of sporangial initial cells

  3. Vegetative shoots

  4. Root mass

Solution: B

3. Select below Which has Vascular Tissue and Produces Spores, but does not Contain Seeds?

  1. Bryophyta    

  2. Pteridophyta

  3. Gymnosperms    

  4. Angiosperms

Solution: B

4. In ferns, Leaves During Young Conditions are Called as……

  1. Scale leaf    

  2. Sporophyll

  3. Circinate Ptyxis    

  4. None of these

Solution: C

5. Select below how many Neck Canal Cells are Present in Dryopteris?

  1. One

  2. Two

  3. Many    

  4. None of these

Solution: A

5.  Indusium is Found in

(a)    Algae    

(b)    Ferns

(c)    Moss    

(d)    Cycas

6. Gametophytic and Sporophytic Phases are Independent in

(a)    Pteridophytes    

(b)    Bryophytes

(c)    Gymnosperms    

(d)    Phaeophytes

7. Pteridophytes differ from the Bryophytes in having

(a)    Archegonia

(b)    Spermatozoids

(c)    Conducting system

(d)    Separate gametophyte

8. While entering in the Neck of a Fern Archegonium, Sperm Shows

(a)    Phototaxy    

(b)    Chemotaxy

(c)    Thermotaxy    

(d)    Cyclosis

9. In Fern, Archegonia Occur on

(a)    Leaves    

(b)    Roots

(c)    Prothallus    

(d)    Sporophyte

10. In Pteriodophytes, Phloem is Without

(a)    Sieve cells    

(b)    Phloem parenchyma

(c)    Companion cells    

(d)    Bast fibres

Solution: b

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1.Club Mosses are:

(a) Lycopsida 

(b) Pteropsida 

(c) Psilopsida 

(d) Sphenopsida

2. The Protostele in Which Xylem Core is Smooth and Rounded is:

(a) Haplostele 

(b) Actinostlele 

(c) Plectostele 

(d) Siphonostele

3. The Siphonostele in–Which Two Cylinders of Vascular Tissue are Present in the Stele is:

(a) Haplostele 

(b) Actinostlele 

(c) Plectostele 

(d) Polycyclic

4. In Xylem in Which Protoxylem is Lying in the Middle of Metaxylem is:

(a) Exarch        

(b) Mesarch       

(c) Endarch      

(d) Diarch

5. The Stele in Which Xylem Forms Several Plates is:

(a) Haplostele 

(b) Actinostlele 

(c) Plectostele 

(d) Polycyclic

6. The Xylem in Which Protoxylem is Lying on the Periphery of Metaxylem is:

(a) Exarch         

(b) Mesarch       

(c) Endarclt      

(d) Diarch

7. The Triad of Sporangia is Called:

(a) hirers           

(b) synangium 

(c) Jacket           

(d) tapetum

8. The Primary Androgonial Cell Divides to Produces a Mass of:

(a) Androgonial 

(b) androcytes 

(c) Antherozold 

(d) None