The food that you eat makes a long journey through your body. It moves from the top of your mouth to the bottom to your anus. You may want to refer to the digestive system diagram to understand the complete route. Along its incredible journey, the beneficial parts of your food get absorbed. This helps to give your body the necessary energy and the essential nutrients.
The digestive system is uniquely designed to do its job, which is to turn the food into energy and nutrients that are essential for survival. Once the body absorbs the essential substances, it packages the solid waste for disposal through the bowel movement. Many organs work in complete harmony to let the digestive system function.
Here is the Complete Human Digestive System Diagram:
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The digestive system diagram labeled starts from the mouth. In fact, your body starts the digestive process before even you take your first bite of food. The salivary glands get active as you see or smell food. When you start to eat, you chew the food into small pieces so that it gets digested easily. The saliva gets mixed with the food that helps to break down the food into a form that the body can absorb. When you swallow the food, the tongue passes the food into the throat and then the food moves to the esophagus.
The esophagus is located in the throat, and it is placed near to the windpipe or the trachea. The esophagus receives the food that you swallow. Many muscular contractions occur within the esophagus that delivers the food to the stomach. There is also a ring-like muscle or the lower esophageal sphincter that lets the food into the esophagus. When the sphincter contracts it prevents the food from flowing back from the stomach to the esophagus.
The stomach is a hollow container in the digestive system labeled diagram, and it holds the food that gets passed down from the esophagus. This is where the food gets mixed with the enzymes in the stomach. The enzyme breaks the food down into a form that can be used.
There are cells in the stomach lining that secrete a powerful and strong acidic enzyme that is responsible for breaking down the food. When the food contents in the stomach get processed, then these get released and move to the small intestine.
The small intestine is a muscular tissue 22 foot long, and it is divided into three segments. These are the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. Here food is broken down further with the enzymes that are released from pancreas and bile that is released by the liver. The food also gets mixed with the digestive juices that get released by the liver and the pancreas. The duodenum segment is responsible for breaking down the food continuously. The jejunum and the ileum are present in the lower intestine, and they are responsible for nutrient absorption into the bloodstream. After the nutrient from food gets absorbed, the leftover residue of food passes through the small intestine and into the colon or the large intestine.
Digestive enzymes get secreted from the pancreas into the duodenum. This helps in breaking down the fat, protein and carbohydrates. The pancreases are also responsible for making insulin that gets passed into the bloodstream. Insulin is a hormone that helps to mobilize the sugar in your body.
There are many functions that the liver performs in the digestive process, but its main role is to process the nutrients that get absorbed by the small intestine. The bile that gets secreted from the liver into the small intestine helps to digest fat and other vitamins. The liver also detoxifies any harmful chemicals in food.
The gallbladder is the place where the bile released from the liver is stored and concentrated. This is released into the duodenum present in the small intestine that helps to absorb and digest the fat.
Colon (large intestine)
The colon or the large intestine is responsible for processing the waste to make it easy to empty your bowel. The colon is a muscular tube that is 6 foot long and connects the small intestine and the rectum. When the colon is full of stool, it then empties all the contents in the rectum where the bowel movement begins.
The rectum is 8-inch long and straight, and it connects the colon to the anus. The rectum receives the stool, and it holds on to it until the process of evacuation.
The anus is the final part of the digestive tract, which is 2 inches in length. The lining in the upper anus detects any content in the rectal. The anus has the sphincter muscles that let you control the stool. When there is an urge to go to the bathroom, the external sphincter holds on to the stool till you reach the bathroom where it relaxes and releases the contents.
When you draw and label a diagram of the digestive system, you will be able to visualise these clearly.
Q1. What is the Importance of Digestion?
A. Digestion lets the body get the essential nutrients from the food and drinks that you consume. This is important to stay healthy. The digestive system breaks the nutrients received from food into small parts that can be absorbed by the body and be used to get energy, for cell repair and growth.
Q2. How Does the Digestive System Work?
A. Every part of the digestive system will move the food and the liquid through the GI tract and then break the food and the liquid into small parts. This lets the body absorb what it needs and where it needs it. The large intestine absorbs the water and water and converts the water to stool. The hormones and nerves are responsible for controlling the entire digestive process.
Q3. How Does the Food Move through the GI Tract?
A. Peristalsis is the process through which food moves through the GI tract.
Q4. How Does the Body Control the Digestion Process?
A. The nerves and the hormones help to control the entire digestive process. The signals flow within and back and forth from the brain to the GI tract. A well labelled diagram of the human digestive system can give you a better idea.
Q5. How is the Body Capable of Breaking the Food into Small Parts?
A. When the food moves through the GI tract, the digestive organs in the body break the food into small parts. The motion like mixing, squeezing and chewing helps to break down the food. Also, the digestive juices play a major role in breaking down the food.