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Fibroblast

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Fibroblast Meaning

In the animal body, four basic types of cells are epithelial tissue, nervous tissue, muscle tissue, and connective tissue. Connective tissue mainly supports and provides structure to other organs and tissues of the body. Connective tissue consists of fibres, cells, and gel-like substances. One of the most important components of connective tissue is the fibroblast. It is the sale that is found in connective tissue in a maximum number. It is the workhouse of connective tissue which helps to hold the animal body together. These cells are flat, large, and spindle-shaped. Fibroblasts synthesize collagen and the extracellular matrix. They produce the main framework of animal tissue.


In this article, we will discuss fibroblast meaning, fibroblast function, fibroblast structure, fibroblast location, fibroblast growth factor, types of fibroblast, fibroblast diagram in detail.


Origin of Fibroblast

Before knowing the structure, function, and other things, you should know where fibroblasts originate from. It is one of the most important cells of connective tissue. It originates from primitive mesenchyme. It displays the filament protein vimentin. The filament protein vimentin marks the origin of mesoderm. Also, fibroblasts may be produced from epithelial cells through the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process.


Fibroblast Structure

Among all the components of connective tissue, fibroblasts are found maximum in number. You should know the structure of this important cell. It has a speckled nucleus with two or more nuclei. A branched cytoplasm surrounds the nucleus, following an elliptical path. Active fibroblast cells have abundant rough ER (endoplasmic reticulum). The inactive cells are called fibroblasts, which are smaller and spindle-shaped. These inactive cells have a smaller amount of rough ER. Generally, fibroblasts are scattered and disappointed. When they have to cover a large area, they line locally in parallel clusters. Though they contribute to basal lamina components sometimes, they are not restricted by a polarizing attachment to a basal lamina on one side. Sometimes, these cells are found in the plasma state, which is called plasma fibroblast. Generally, the lifespan of fibroblasts is 54 to 60 days.


Fibroblast Function

Fibroblast is a crucial component of connective tissue. The main function of fibroblast cells is to create collagen fibres, elastic and reticular fibres, glycosaminoglycans, extracellular matrix, etc. Another vital fibroblast function is to provide a structural framework to the animal tissue. Apart from these commonly known roles, the other functions are inflammation, tumour mediation, secondary actions, host immune response, etc. In the presence of invading microorganisms, these cells initiate inflammation. The tumour-associated host fibroblasts (TAF) proceed with immune regulation through the TAF-derived extracellular matrix (ECM). It has a critical role in the immune response to tissue injury. Also, different fibroblasts from different anatomical positions express many genes that are responsible for coding for immune response and proteins.


Clinical Applications of Fibroblast

The main clinical application of fibroblast is cell therapy. Cell therapy with autologous dermal fibroblasts is highly effective for patients. Also, it is used in injecting to treat various types of wrinkles, ulcers, acne scars, and surgical wounds. 


Fibroblast Growth Factor

A family of cell signalling proteins produced by macrophages is a fibroblast growth factor. It is one of the most important elements for normal development in animal cells. It is involved in a wide variety of processes. These growth factors act as locally circulating molecules of extracellular origin, activating cell surface receptors. Different growth factors have different structures. These growth factors are multifunctional proteins with a wide variety of effects. Though they are mainly mitogens, they have endocrine, regulatory, and morphological effects. The growth factors have multiple actions on multiple cell types. Based on these multiple actions, they are referred to as pluripotent and promiscuous growth factors. 


Did You Know?

  • Fibroblast is a crucial component of connective tissue that produces collagen, extracellular matrix, and other essential fibres.

  • Fibroblast has a speckled nucleus with two or more nuclei. A branched cytoplasm surrounds the nucleus, following an elliptical path.

  • Active fibroblast cells have abundant rough ER and inactive fibroblast cells have a smaller amount of rough ER.

  • Fibroblast location is connective tissue.

  • There are different types of fibroblasts based on their functions and anatomical positions.

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FAQs on Fibroblast

1. What is fibroblast?

Ans: Connective tissue is one of the four basic types of cells in the animal body. Connective tissue consists of fibres, cells, and gel-like substances. One of the most important components of connective tissue is the fibroblast. It is the workhouse of connective tissue which helps to hold the animal body together. These cells are flat, large, and spindle-shaped. The fibroblast structure is a speckled nucleus with two or more nuclei. A branched cytoplasm surrounds the nucleus, following an elliptical path. Sometimes, plasma fibroblasts are found in connective tissue. The main function of fibroblast cells is to create collagen fibres, elastic and reticular fibres, glycosaminoglycans, extracellular matrix, etc. Another vital fibroblast function is to provide a structural framework to the animal tissue. Apart from these roles, the other functions are inflammation, tumour mediation, host immune response, etc. You can know more about fibroblasts by observing the fibroblast diagram.

2. What is the fibroblast growth factor?

Ans: One of the most important components of connective tissue is the fibroblast. It is the workhouse of connective tissue. But it does not have any connection with the fibroblast growth factor. A family of cell signalling proteins produced by macrophages is a fibroblast growth factor. It is one of the most important elements for normal development in animal cells. It is involved in a wide variety of processes. Different growth factors have different structures. These growth factors are multifunctional proteins with a wide variety of effects. Though they are mainly mitogens, they have endocrine, regulatory, and morphological effects. The growth factors have multiple actions on multiple cell types. These growth factors have crucial applications in the clinical field.


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