An Introduction to Effects of Climate Changes

Climate change and its devastating impact is quite prominent all over the world. Soaring temperature, increased emission of carbon dioxide and melting ice of the polar region are among the immediate effects of it.

Notably, to combat the repercussion of climate change, it is crucial to identify the factors affecting climate and their resulting impact. In this article, you will become familiar with a few factors affecting weather and climate in detail and will be able to gauge their power.

With that being said, let’s proceed to find out more about the factors from below!

Effects of Climate Change

Nonetheless, before moving onto the factors influencing climate and weather, let’s check out the most prominent effects of climate change first. 

  1. Melting glaciers leading to rising sea level.

  2. A sharp decrease in the population of cold-adapted species. 

  3. Shoreline erosion and coastal flooding.

  4. Heat-induced health disorders.

  5. Water shortage.

  6. The rise in greenhouse gases.

  7. Prevalent droughts.

  8. Change in precipitation pattern.

  9. Increase in severity of storms.

  10. Rampant crop losses.

Test Your Knowledge: Global warming is also known as a) Ecological change b) Climate change c) Atmosphere change d) None of these. 

What are the Factors that Affect Climate? 

Here is a list of factors affecting climate change -

A. Natural Causes

  1. Ocean Currents: They tend to influence the temperature of a place significantly. It can either increase a region’s overall temperature or decrease it by transferring the land’s heat energy to the sea and vice versa. 

  2. Topography: The shape of land also influences the climate of a region. For instance, low lying areas are relatively hotter and receive less rainfall than those regions situated at a higher altitude, especially in the mountainous areas.

  3. Wind Directions: The directions of wind, both to and from where it is blowing has an impact on the climate as well. For instance, if the wind blows from a humid region it is likely to be colder while the wind blowing from a dry area is mostly hot.

  4. Distance from Sea: Likewise, nearness to the sea and other water bodies is an influential factor. For instance, the coastal areas are wetter and cooler than interior regions. 

  5. El Nino Phenomenon: El Nino or the uneven heating of the water surface in the Pacific tends to affect both rainfall and wind pattern. The said phenomenon is held responsible for triggering forest fires, smog and tornadoes across many regions. 

Also, the movement of continents and variation in earth’s orbit are among the natural factors that affect climate change.

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Fig: Factors affecting climate

B. Man Made Cause

  1. Pollution: Emissions from vehicles, industrial wastes, burning fossil fuels, etc. are among the major factors of climate change.

  2. Increase in Population: With an increase in population, the demand for crop production, land and use of fossil fuel has also increased. Resultantly, climate has also undergone a noticeable difference. 

  3. Deforestation: Rampant felling of trees and clearing off patches of forest to accommodate agricultural practices is mostly responsible for a change in the climate.

Test Your Knowledge: Which of these is not a greenhouse gas? a) Carbon dioxide b) Methane c) Carbon dioxide d) All of these.

Learn about the factors affecting climate of a place in detail and also find out how to lower the risk of climate change by enrolling into our live online classes. By accessing our study solutions and latest worksheets, you will also be able to strengthen your fundamentals of these concepts quite effectively.

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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Climate Change?

Ans. Climate change is the change in regional or global climate over the years. Recently, climate change has become a global concern as the occurrence of wide-scale flooding, drought, forest fires and extinction of flora and fauna are becoming rampant. 

2. How Does Altitude Affect the Climate of India? 

Ans. With an increase in altitude, both temperature and air pressure of a region decreases. For instance, areas which are located on a higher elevation have a relatively cooler climate than low lying areas.  

3. What are the 5 Major Factors that Affect the Climate?

Ans. Five major factors that influence climate include ocean currents, topography, deforestation, pollution and El Nino phenomenon.