Difference between Renewable and Non Renewable Resources

What are Resources?

Mother earth has endowed us with various perpetual natural assets. These assets are available in the planet since it was inhabited and are known as resources. Resources allude to that mode of stock through which an individual earns profit. Natural resources can be defined as those types of resources which are naturally procurable on Earth’s surface. Natural resources can be categorized into:

  • Biotic (living things) like plants and their products, animals and their products, birds and their products, mineral fuels such as petroleum/oil/coal etc and marine organisms.

  • Abiotic (Non-living) like water, minerals, air, sunlight.

  • Resources have innumerous benefits such as; plants provide us with fruits, vegetables, flowers, rubber, paper, medicine etc., water is applicable in various purposes such as cleaning and drinking. Conversely, sunlight can be availed in the form of solar energy. Plants benefit mankind through the process of photosynthesis, by providing them with oxygen and carbon dioxide. Various fossil fuels such as petrol and coal ply as “source of energy” for various machineries. 

    Based on certain benchmarks we can segregate the natural resources into two different classes: 

  • Renewable Resources

  • Non-renewable Resources

  • One of the key factors relying on which all the natural resources are classified is their renewability. This content provides us with detailed illustrations regarding various renewable and non-renewable resources of Earth and the contrast between them. 

    Renewable Resources

    Resources that can be easily availed on the surface of the earth and can also be restored effortlessly are known as renewable resources. These resources are consumed with a much faster rate similar to the rate at which it can be restocked. Some common examples of renewable resources are water, wind, tides, earth, ocean currents, biomass etc. All of these resources are accessible naturally and are not much influenced by any living organism. Renewable resources can also be termed as “perpetual resources”. 

    In the recent times, humans have eventuated to exploit these resources as a consequence; these resources have ceased to exist in their purest form. Therefore, it is the responsibility of mankind to take crucial measures to shield mother earth along with the resources. 

    Non-Renewable Resources

    The resources that cannot be accessed or restored once they are obliterated are known as Non-Renewable Resources. Such resources exist deep down the earth’s surface and were originated ages ago. These resources exist in a very limited amount and once they are deployed, they cannot be restocked or replenished. Non-renewable resources are also termed as Exhaustible Resources. Various fossil fuels such as petrol and coal ply as “source of energy” for various machineries are relevant examples of Non-renewable resources. 

    An overview of the Contrast

    The contrast between the Renewable and Non-renewable resources is showcased in the chart provided below:

                         
    Based on   factors      Renewable ResourcesNon-Renewable Resources
    DefinitionResources that can be facilely availed on the surface of the earth and can also be restored effortlessly are known as   renewable resources. These resources are consumed with a much faster rate similar to the rate at which it can be restocked.The resources which are not readily accessible and can neither be restored once they are obliterated are known as Non-Renewable Resources. Such resources exist deep down the earth’s surface and were originated ages ago. These resources exist in very limited amount and once they are deployed cannot be restocked or replenished.
    ExamplesExamples of renewable resources are water, wind, tides, earth, ocean currents, biomass, forest, plants, sunlight etc. Various fossil fuels such as petrol and coal, natural gas, nuclear energy, batteries etc are examples of natural resources.
    SupplyRenewable resources are present in uncountable quantity on the surface of the earth. These resources are never ending as they can be used and re-used over and over again. The cost of renewable resources is very low. Non-Renewable resources can never be restored once these resources or their sources are destroyed. They have a very confined supply and cannot be replenished. The cost of non-renewable resources is really high.
    AffectRenewable resources are sustainable and they are generally pollution free. Although, as humans have eventuated to exploit these resources as a consequence; these resources have ceased to exist in their purest form. Burning of non-renewable resources cause immense pollution and release carbon-dioxide. These have adverse effect on the health of mankind due to smoke emission, carcinogenic radiations etc.



    In Summary

  • The assets which are available in the planet since it was inhabited and are known as resources.

  • Natural resources can be defined as those types of resources which are naturally procurable on Earth’s surface.

  • Two types of Natural resources are biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living).

  • The one of the key factor relying on which the natural resources are classified is their renewability.

  • Resources that can be facilely availed on the surface of the earth and can also be restored effortlessly are known as renewable resources.

  • Some common examples of renewable resources are water, wind, tides, earth, ocean currents, biomass, forest, plants, sunlight etc.

  • The resources which are not readily accessible and can neither be restored once they are obliterated are known as Non-Renewable Resources.

  • Some common examples of non-renewable resources are petrol and coal, natural gas, nuclear energy, batteries etc.

  • The cost of renewable resources is very low and they are pollution free.

  • Burning of non-renewable resources have adverse effect on the health of mankind due to smoke emission, carcinogenic radiations etc.