Macro and micronutrients differ in several ways, the primary being the units they are measured in. Macros are measured in terms of grams, for example, 1 gram of protein or fat. Macronutrients consist of the following three major categories of nutrients:
Proteins: These are the nutrients that are usually found in food items such as eggs, dairy products like cottage cheese, fish, soy and tofu.
Fats: These are the nutrients that are found in food items such as meat, different kinds of nuts, oil, butter, milk and cheese.
Carbohydrates: Potatoes, bread, rice, pasta, corn, grains and even some fruits are very rich sources of carbohydrates.
Micronutrients are, on the other hand, measured in much smaller units such as milligrams and micrograms. Green vegetables and fruits that are chock-full of vitamins and minerals contain an abundance of micronutrients. Some of these include:
Now that you know what macro and micronutrients are let's revise a few concepts with the following pop quiz.
Carbohydrates, fats and minerals are all examples of micronutrients.
None of the above
Also, it is important to know that minerals are further classified into micro and macro minerals. The difference between micro and macro minerals lies in the fact that while macro minerals are present in substantial quantities in the diet, such as calcium, magnesium, sulphur and potassium, micro minerals are required in tiny amounts, and are often referred to as trace minerals. Examples of micro minerals include selenium, manganese, cobalt and zinc.
The following table explains some significant differences between micro and macronutrients.
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1. What are Macronutrients?
Ans. Macronutrients are substances that comprise a major portion of our staple food and give us the energy we need to move, breathe, sleep, and properly function. Examples of macronutrients include proteins, carbohydrates (starch) and lipids (fats).
2. Why are Macronutrients Essential?
Ans. Macronutrients provide the energy that aids the body’s metabolism. These are required in very large amounts for the body to function properly.
3. Differentiate Between Macronutrients and Micronutrients.
Ans. Macronutrients are the substances that comprise a major portion of our staple food and give us the energy we need to move, breathe, sleep, and properly function. Micronutrients are substances that are consumed in very small amounts, and these help to ensure growth and healthy development of the body.Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients