Difference Between Herbs and Shrubs

Herbs are generally small plants with green and tender stems in them.These are a number of leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), while spices are usually dried and produced from other parts of the plants, namely seeds, bark, roots and fruits.These plants are weak and have very less strength in their stem and can be easily uprooted from the soil. They have an adequate amount of nutritional advantage that includes vitamins and minerals. 

Shrubs are small to medium sized plants which are woody. Shrubs are also known as bushes. They can be easily differentiated from the trees because of their short height that is less than 6m to 10m. These plants have strong powerful rootage along with being tough, flexible too irrespective of their short height. 

How to Differentiate Herbs with Shrubs?

The plants which can be differentiated on the basis of their size and branching patterns are defined as herbs and shrubs respectively. Herbs consist of soft and unbranched stems, whereas shrubs have woody, branched and multi stems. Shrubs are often confused with herbs because of their similar characteristics, but we should know that shrubs are taller than herbs. 

Some Important Differences Between Herbs and Shrubs are - 

Herbs

Shrubs

Are smaller than the shrubs.

Are taller and grow in meters.

Have a single stem.

Have multiple branches.

Have delicate and thin tissue.

Have strong and wood tissue.

Annual, biennial, and perennial.

Mainly perennial

Have a non-woody and soft stem.

Have thick and hard stems.

These stems have no branches.

Have branches at their bases.

Herbs are called rootstock.

Shrubs are referred to as the woody plant.

Examples include- Rice, Wheat, Onion, Grass, etc.

Examples include- Orange, Rose Peach, Lavender, etc.


What are the Different Types of Herbs ?

There are different types of herbs, to name a few are - 

  1. Mint 

  2. Rosemary 

  3. Thyme 

  4. Coriander 

  5. Basil 

What are the Different Types of Shrubs?

There are different types of Shrubs - 

  1. Croton 

  2. Lemon 

  3. Tulsi 

  4. Heena 

  5. China Rose 

Some Other Types of Herbs and their Uses

  1. Cilantro - The alternate name for Cilantro is Coriander leaves which we use in our day to day lives. This herb is generally used in the cuisines of India, Mexico and Vietnam. 

  2. Mint - This herb is used in our kitchens almost every day. The two most widely available varieties of mint are peppermint and spearmint. Peppermint has a strong, cooling aftertaste and on the other hand spearmint is lighter and sweeter to the palate. Ginger, apple, and curly mint, etc are the lesser known mint which, when used in large quantities, impart the flavor that is connected to its name. Mint may be a common ingredient in Thai food like rolls, also as in Middle Eastern dishes like the tabbouleh, and in traditional mint tea from North Africa. 

  3. Parsley - The alternate name for Parsley is Curly parsley or flat-leaved Italian parsley. It is generally used in stock, stew and soup as a part of Italian cuisine. 

Pastas and egg recipes often benefit from a sprinkling of chopped parsley as the herb's clean, light flavor cuts down the heavy creaminess and also acts as a palate-cleanser.

  1. Dill - Also known as Dill weed and Dill leaf. Dill helps to eradicate strong reactions. Some describe Dill’s flavor as clean and grassy, while others dislike it for being tangy and earthy. The herb Dill is often associated with Scandinavian cuisine. 

  2. Basil - Also known as Sweet Basil. Basil is the most ordinarily used herb in the US. Italian basil is relatively sweeter than its purple counterpart and also Peppery with a mild anise flavor, Sweet green basil is largely used in the  dishes from Italy widely known as Basil pesto and Southeast Asia (green chicken curry), proving its versatility. The dark purple color of the basil makes it a wonderful garnishing agent adding a wonderful flavor to the food being served. 

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. What are Shrubs?

Ans - Shrubs are small to medium sized plants which are woody and are also known as bushes. They can be easily differentiated from the trees because of their short height that is less than 6m to 10m. These plants have a tough, flexible and powerful rootage. Hibiscus, jasmine lemon, and rose are a number of common shrubs around us.

Q2. What are Herbs?

Ans - Herbs are generally small plants with green and tender stems in them.These are a number of leafy green or flowering parts of a plant (either fresh or dried), while spices are usually dried and produced from other parts of the plants, namely seeds, bark, roots and fruits.

Q3. Give Some Examples of Herbs and Shrubs. 

Ans - Herbs - Mint, Coriander, Basil and many more

           Shrubs - Tulsi, Lemon, Henna and many more  

Q4. What is the Other Name for Herb? 

Ans - Herbs are called rootstock.