Diabetes Mellitus

Purpose of the food we eat is to provide nutrition and energy to the body. But Diabetes Mellitus is a condition wherein your body can't absorb or use the energy produced after consuming food. The diabetes mellitus symptoms are shown in human beings in only two terms as mentioned below 

  1. The pancreas produces naturally occurring hormones like insulin which helps convert sugar for energy. In the case of diabetes mellitus, the pancreas creates nominal or no insulin. 

  2. In other cases, the insulin produced by the pancreas doesn't function normally. 

About Diabetes Mellitus

To put simply, it is a disorder wherein someone’s body fails to produce sufficient insulin from pancreas or fails to make use of it to produce energy. As a result, your body has a high level of blood sugar leaves adverse effects on your health. It is also considered a life-threatening disease and may cause other issues in the human body. 

Primarily, these are divided into two classes, as shown below. 

Types of Diabetes Mellitus   

Type 1 Diabetes 

Type 2 Diabetes 

In this kind, beta cells of pancreas are damaged and fail to produce insulin hormone. 

Here, pancreas produces insulin; however, they aren’t sufficient to fulfil the need of body. 

This isn’t as common as type 2. However, it is mostly seen in individuals less than 30 years of age. 

Most people show type 2 diabetes mellitus symptoms. It occurs mostly in individuals more than 40 years of age but can also happen to children.                                 

In this case, the patient needs to use insulin injections for protection against it. 

It is possible to control type 2 diabetes by adopting a healthy diet, exerciser routine, and weight management training, medications, or injections. 

Besides these two, there can be several other kinds of diabetes mellitus caused by surgery, use of medicines, other illnesses and conditions. One such type is Gestational diabetes which occurs in case a pregnant woman with no history of diabetes starts showing this symptom. Therefore, pregnant women over the age of 35, having a family history of diabetes, or overweight individuals have a high chance of developing dm symptoms. 

Main Symptoms of Diabetes

Most common symptoms shown by diabetes mellitus patients are listed below. 

  • Feeling hungry even after eating. 

  • Increased feeling of thirst. 

  • Frequent urination. 

  • Fatigue. 

  • Weight loss. 

  • Healing a wound or cut takes time. 

  • Blurred vision. 

  • Urine or yeast infections. 

  • Dry & itchy skin. 

These are a few diabetes mellitus type 2 symptoms which a patient may show in case their body stops creating insulin or doesn't produce sufficient insulin. In either case, the patient needs to seek immediate medical attention so that their health can recover. 

Test your knowledge 

1. Choose the Appropriate Risk Factor Concerning Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. 

  1.  Dietary fat intake in a considerable amount 

  2. Overweight 

  3. Family history with diabetes 

  4. All of the above 

2. Choose the most Suitable Option which Distinguishes Between Type 2 and Type 1 Diabetes. 

  1. Patients having type 1 diabetes can quickly develop chronic disorders. 

  2. Oral hypoglycaemic agents can be taken to increase endogenous insulin production in type 1 diabetes patients. 

  3. Type 2 diabetes patients need a lower dose of insulin compared to the ones with type 1 because it's a milder type. 

  4. In the case of type 1 pathogenesis, autoimmune factors are present, which isn't the case with type 2. 

Treatment for Diabetes Mellitus 

  • Time to time diagnosis of blood sugar levels. 

  • Having a diet plan according to your blood sugar level. 

  • Regular exercise. 

  • Medications and injections as recommended by physicians. 

Therefore, it is possible to control the blood sugar levels of a patient by undergoing the right kind of treatment. Now that you have learnt the clinical features of diabetes mellitus, you will be able to answer even tricky questions quickly. To get more comprehensive knowledge about the subject, download Vedantu's app and accelerate your learning process.  

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Causes Diabetes Mellitus? 

Ans. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease caused by insufficiency of insulin in the body. In this condition, either your body doesn't create insulin or doesn't produce sufficient insulin for normal functioning.  

2. How can Diabetes Mellitus have a Massive Impact on the Immune System? 

Ans. Besides affecting the metabolic system, the disorder also has a significant impact on other parts of the body, such as the nervous system, heart, kidney, etc. Therefore, it has the potential to affect the immune system. 

3. What are Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms? 

Ans. Fatigue, increasing hunger or thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, weight loss, etc. is a few symptoms that patients with diabetes mellitus show.