Dermatitis Definition- Let us begin to first answer the question of what dermatitis is. Dermatitis meaning according to the dermatitis definition biology is basically a general term for skin inflammation. When the skin is inflamed in case of dermatitis, the skin becomes dry and swells and looks scaly, swollen, and red.
There are many types of dermatitis and depending on the types of dermatitis classification one has, the causes vary. The study of the skin or the dermal layer of the skin which is affected and the medicinal science that deals with this are called dermatology. A dermatologist is one who specialises in dermatology and also manages diseases related to hair, nails, and some cosmetic problems. Now that we have defined dermatitis and understood the meaning let us understand the types, causes, symptoms and treatment needed. Dermatitis, however, is not contagious.
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Types of Dermatitis
The dermatitis classification can be divided into various forms based on the duration of it affecting the skin, based on the location of the area affected and the more common ones and the rare ones. Dermatitis is also grouped and referred to as eczema.
Causes of Dermatitis
There can be many reasons that cause dermatitis or causes and the same cause may lead to severe symptoms in some and milder in others.
Rough or coarse fabric can irritate the skin so one must dress seasonally and cotton is advised more often.
Feeling too hot or cold and not protecting the skin from is also a leading cause of dermatitis or eczema.
Household products like soap or detergent if there is any substance that one is allergic to then it causes dermatitis.
Respiratory infections, Animal dander, allergies and asthma and other allergic reactions.
Stress is a trigger for bad skin and overall bad health.
Sweating and not cleaning up after and having an unhygienic way of living is a disservice to the health.
Hormonal changes with the change of stages in life also with diet and other factors affect the skin.
Age- with age skin is more vulnerable and sensitive to dermatitis.
Rapid environment changes
Family history- if it is in one’s family line then the next generation is more likely to be affected by it.
Health conditions, if one is unhealthy then all sorts of diseases affect the individual.
In the condition of dermatitis, skin often experiences a red rash, itching, which may be severe, dry, cracked, scaly skin, bumps and blisters, sometimes with oozing and crusting, swelling, burning or tenderness. The initial signs and symptoms are usually seen in the neck region, inside the elbows, behind the knees and other such flexes one must be aware of such signs of the body. All of this can also increase if proper care is not taken.
Treatment of Dermatitis
Proper care must be taken and given the necessary attention to this condition and there is a high chance it will be healed, if not, the following steps may be recommended by the dermatologist.
Medications like an antihistamine such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) are recommended to reduce allergies and itching, phototherapy, or exposing affected areas to controlled amounts of light.
For the short term, immunosuppressants are also recommended like tacrolimus and pimecrolimus.
To relieve itchiness and inflammation a steroid containing topical creams, like hydrocortisone is given.
Creams or lotions for dry skin are the best way to moisturize the skin and keep the patchiness and flakiness at bay.
To relieve itching. oatmeal baths are also beneficial and recommended by the dermatologist.
Limited exposure to light also called light therapy or phototherapy is very popular and effective for one suffering from dermatitis.
Washing and cleaning up is vital for overall health. To keep the skin healthy and free from eczema or dermatitis along with usage of good moisturizers, having a bath daily a proper lifestyle by eliminating unnecessary food intake, having omega-rich food and exercises to keep the skin supple, radiant and healthy-looking also plays a major part.