Dehydration may be a condition where the body loses more water than it's consumed. This means the body’s normal function is impaired. Dehydration is caused by a variety of things, these can range from environmental, to situational, or maybe certain illnesses.
For instance, diarrhoea can instigate severe dehydration. A sore throat generally makes drinking fluids very uncomfortable, an excessively hot weather can induce mild dehydration. It is a general observation that when people are very busy at work, they tend to forget about their thirst and give rise to a tendency of dehydration which is harmful to the body.
Note: Mild and moderate dehydration are often treated with the consumption of water or over-the-counter oral rehydration solutions. Severe dehydration must be treated as a medical emergency and essential fluids and electrolytes are replaced intravenously.
Causes of Dehydration
When a person drinks less water than the minimum recommended amount, there is loss of water in the body and Dehydration takes place.
Some of the causes of dehydration include:
Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea prevents the large intestine from absorbing water from the food matter.
Vomiting: This also leads to a loss of liquids and leads to non-replacement of fluids.
Sweating: an outsized amount of water is released from the body during hot and humid weather because of the body’s cooling mechanism.
Diabetes: Due to high sugar levels in the body, there is an increase in urination, which leads to Dehydration.
Burns: The blood vessels get damaged reason being the fluid leaks into the environment
Symptoms of Dehydration
Mild to moderate dehydration symptoms include:
Very little urine
Cold and dry skin
Severe Dehydration Symptoms Include:
No urine or extremely low volumes of urine
Very dark yellow urine
Inability to sweat
Shortness of breath
Deep set, darkened eyes
In conclusion, dehydration isn't a life-threatening condition if the body can replenish lost fluids and electrolytes soon. If there is prolonged dehydration, then it can cause life-threatening complications which ultimately would require medical intervention.
Association of Dehydration with Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is a condition where an individual experiences a high frequency of loose and watery stools. The term is taken from the Greek words “Dia” and “rhein”, meaning “flowing through”. Usually, it is not a life-threatening disease and therefore the duration of its symptoms usually vary as there are many causal factors.
Types of Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea is of the following types:
Secretory diarrhoea – Excess fluid is secreted into the intestines.
Osmotic diarrhoea – Caused when too much water is drawn into the bowels.
Motility-related diarrhoea – Where intestines are too active and transport intestinal contents with great speed in order that there's not enough time to soak up water and electrolytes. This results in loose and watery stools.
Collagenous colitis – It is a condition of the body in which the intestinal lining is damaged so that it cannot absorb water and electrolytes.
Inflammatory diarrhoea – Where intestines are damaged due to bacterial or fungal infections.
Causes of Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea can be caused by many pathological factors and other factors such as :
Symptoms of Diarrhoea
Symptoms of this disease include-
Treatment of Diarrhoea
Generally, acute diarrhoea will recede on its own, within 2 to 3 days without any treatment. But it's advised to consult the physician regardless.
Some of the treatments suggested by doctors are:
Antibiotics could also be helpful if the symptoms are caused by bacterial or parasitic infections.
Water containing salt and electrolytes help in replacing the lost fluids
Medications that treat symptomatically.