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Annual - Plant

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Introduction to Annual Plant

MVSAT 2024

Generally, the word annual refers to completeness. But in biology, the annual refers to your plant, which completes its whole life cycle in a single growing season. The life cycle is a plant taken from the beginning to the end of its growth. Let's explore more about this interesting annual plant in detail.

Procedure for Annual Plant

In botanical terms, usually, the annual plants complete their life cycle in the spring season itself. It can be elaborated as follows - 

  • First, one needs to take the stored seeds from last year.

  • Put these seeds in the ground at the beginning of the spring season.

  • By nurturing with the proper care, gradually, new sprouts have started rising from the seeds.

  • Then the sprouts started producing flowers slowly.

  • By the end of the spring season, the flowers develop seeds in them, and the plant dies when the Autumn season arises.

  • These seeds can be kept in store and repeat the same process in the next spring season.

  • Hence the annual plant completes its whole life cycle in a single season.

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What is a Biennial?

A biennial plant is a plant that takes two years to complete the entire life cycle process. In the first year, half of the life cycle gets completed by producing roots and foliage. Then it waits for the second season there it starts producing flowers. It is also known as a bi annual plant. 

What are Perennials?

Perennials are plants that take several years to complete the life cycle. If the plant growth starts in spring, the top portion of the plant dies during the winter and again starts growing in the next spring season. But the growth will happen on the same root system. In this way, it takes several years to complete the entire life cycle.

Types of Annual Plants

Based on the growth and season, Daniel plants are classified into various types. Each type can be explained as follows- 

1. Hardy Annual Plants: 

These are unique types of annual plants that can withstand the little Frost on the same root system. They never killed off after the season: Salvia, bachelor buttons, Victoria, etc., the examples of Hardy annual plants.

2. Seasonal Annual Plants: 

We have both cold-season annual plants and warm-season annual plants. It is simple and easy to understand that if the annual plant completes its life cycle in the cold season, they are known as cold-season annual plants. If the annual plant completes its life cycle in the warm season, they are known as warm-season annual plants.

3. Annual Vegetables: 

Beans, basil, cilantro, cucumber, etc. vegetables can complete their life cycle in a single season. And they are known as annual vegetables. Based on the climatic conditions, some perennials will also act as annual plants. 

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Annual vs Perennial

The basic difference between the annual plants and perennial plants is - the annual plants will complete their life cycle in a single season and die immediately. Whereas the perennials take a few years to complete the life cycle and come back for every season without dying.

Tips for Planting

Here are some useful tips that need to be followed by a cultivator to eat good productivity.

  • As life is a mixture of various feelings, the planting also needs to include both annuals and perennials for continuity of work and returns. Because the onions provide long-lasting beauty, the perennials provide cutting down of work.

  • Giving proper protection to both kinds of plants. Watering, keeping moisture to the plants during dry seasons, required usage of pesticides, fertilizers, etc., gives healthy growth to the plant irrespective of its category.

  • Choosing the right place and the time to plant a tree is also important. The proper knowledge of a particular plant gives a clear idea about where to plant and when to plant. If it requires more sunlight, then it should be planted in an open place during the summer season. Similarly, the other plants also.

  • Being patient is a must. We can't expect the result in one or more days. By giving proper protection, creating a required environment along with some patience gives the expected result.


Hence the annual plant is a plant that completes its total growth and life cycle in a single season. Several fruits, flowers, and vegetables come under this category. To avoid food security and continuous earning source for the farmers.

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FAQs on Annual - Plant

1. What are the Advantages of Planting Annual Crops?

Ans. As the annual crops complaints grow in a single season, it has several benefits. They are- 

  • All the annual crops are easy to grow and act as instant income generators.

  • These are versatile.

  • They can be grown in basket hangers, bed gardens, containers.

  • Most of the annual plants have bright colours, which give a beautiful appearance and a pleasant viewing experience.

  • The annual plants require very little maintenance and less investment. 

  • They can be available in different colours like purple, orange, blue, red, yellow, white, black, etc.

2. What are the Disadvantages of Annual Crops?

Ans . Besides various advantages, the annual crops also possess few limitations. They are-

  • As the annual crops complete their life cycle in a single season, the cultivator needs to wait for the next season till a year to replant the same plant.

  • To bloom the annual plants, they need deadheading, and the spent butts need to be removed regularly.

  • If the warm season annual crops are cultivating, they need regular watering and utmost care.

  • To get the best results, some annual crops require more fertilizers which in turn becomes more expensive.

3. Give Some Examples of Annual Plants?

Ans. Some popular annual crops are listed below- 

  • Peas

  • Corn

  • Sweet potato

  • Marigold

  • Chickweed

  • Watermelon

  • Carrot

  • Celery

  • Common wheat

  • Common zinnia etc.

Along with these examples, several fruits, vegetables, and flowers were grown as annual crops. These annual crops have a thin stem system as the growth period is short. Every cultivator can yield good productivity with appropriate tips and knowledge of planting.

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