Exam Focused Revision Notes for CBSE Class 12 The Age of Industrialisation Chapter 4
In The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes PDF, students will acquire knowledge on essential topics about the history of Britain, the history of India, and the first industrial nation. Through these topics, you will understand the starting point of the pattern of industrial change and the reasons behind the conditions that were caused by colonial rule. The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 chapter briefs and explains the scenario before the Industrial Revolution and the reasons behind the changes that occur over time in terms of concepts such as labour, setting up of factories, and more. A few other topics explained thoroughly in the Age of Industrialisation chapter are the market for goods, industrial growth in the market, and more.
Important Topics Covered in the Chapter
The emergence of factories
The power of steam and hand labour
Colonial industrial development
The goods market
"The Age of Industrialisation" is an important chapter in CBSE Class 10 History. It delves into the transformative period of industrialization during the 18th and 19th centuries. This era witnessed significant advancements in technology, production, and social changes, shaping the modern world. The chapter also highlights the impact of industrialisation on India, and Britain.
Understanding the age of industrialisation is crucial as it marks a turning point in human history. It paved the way for technological advancements, transformed economies, and gave rise to social and political changes that shaped the modern world.
The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes CBSE History Chapter 4 (Free PDF Download)
FAQs on The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes CBSE History Chapter 4 (Free PDF Download)
1. Describe the role of the age of Indian textiles.
In India, before the inception of the machine industries, it was mostly cotton and silk goods that dominated the international market in textiles. However, a variety of Indian bankers and merchants are involved in this network of finance trade such as supplying exporters, finance of production, and even carrying goods. However, during the 1750s, the Indian textile network that was being controlled by the Indian merchants broke down, and the European countries took control through monopoly trade rights and secured a variety of concessions from local courts. There was even a significant shift from the old ports to the new ports as an indication of colonial growth of power. European companies controlled trade which collapsed several trading houses, and to survive, people had to operate within a network that was shaped by the European trading companies.
2. What are the benefits of referring to the age of industrialisation notes?
The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes present all the essential concepts and topics in an easy and detailed manner for students to grasp every concept, section, or topic. The primary focus of the Age of Industrialisation Notes is to help students solve the extra inside questions, which are the potential exam questions. The CBSE Class, 10 History Chapter Age of Industrialisation Notes, also aims to help students gain a comprehensive understanding of essential topics like Proto-Industrialisation, Industrial Growth, Market for goods, Labour, and more, as these concepts might comprise essential points that may be useful during revision in short times.
3. How was the life of workers during industrialisation?
As the industries began to expand rapidly, people started flocking to the cities in hopes of employment. Many depended on social contacts to secure jobs at factories. The seasonal nature of work meant that workers were out of work for long periods of time. The wages of the workers fluctuated year to year. Their income depended not only on the wage rate but the period of employment. In periods of the economic slump, the rates of unemployment were very high.
4. How rapid were the changes that occurred during industrialisation?
The pace of industrialisation varied in different sectors. The most rapid growth was seen in the cotton and metal industry in Britain. With the expansion of railways, the iron demand went up, and the metal industry took over the cotton industry. However, the pace of change in traditional industries was still slow. Technological changes occurred slowly as new technology was expensive and took a lot of money to repair if the machinery broke down.
5. How did British manufacturers market their products in India?
When the British manufacturers started selling their products in India, they needed to advertise them to persuade Indian people to buy them. They did this by putting labels on the cloth bundles. The labels were put in to instil confidence in the customers of the quality of the cloth. They also put beautifully illustrated images of Indian gods and goddesses on the labels to make them appealing to the Indian people. Students can find short notes on this chapter from CBSE Class 10 History revision notes for quick revision on Vedantu, and the revision notes prepared can be downloaded free of cost.
6. How did handloom production expand in the 20th century?
Handloom cloth production expanded rapidly between 1900 and 1940. The reasons for this were -
Technological Advancements - Weavers started using looms with fly shuttles which made their work easier and increased production without increasing much cost.
The demand for fine weave varieties was always high as they were specialised weaves and were bought by the rich. These weaves that had a human element to them could not be replicated by mills and therefore prospered even when mills came into the picture.
7. Who were the workers in Indian factories during industrialisation?
As more and more factories came into being, the need for workers arose. Most often, the workers in the industrial regions came from the neighbouring districts, like the workers in Bombay cotton mills came from Ratnagiri, while the Kanpur mills got workers from the villages within Kanpur. Many people travelled to Bombay and Calcutta cotton and jute mills in search of employment. Industrials would employ a jobber who would recruit workers from their villages and provide them with employment.