CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 4 Notes - The Age of Industrialisation

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The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes History Chapter 4 - PDF Download

In The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes Pdf, students will acquire knowledge on essential topics about the history of Britain, the history of India, and about the first industrial nation. Through these topics, you will understand the starting point about the pattern of industrial change and the reasons behind the conditions that were caused by colonial rule. The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 chapter briefs and explains the scenario before the Industrial Revolution and the reasons behind the changes that occur over time in terms of concepts such as labour, setting up of factories, and more. A few other topics explained thoroughly in the Age of Industrialisation chapter are about the market for goods, industrial growth in the market, and more.

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CBSE Class 10 History Chapter 4 Notes - The Age of Industrialisation part-1

The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes PDF

Students can go through the briefing on every crucial topic enlisted under the Class 10 History Chapter 4 Notes to prepare well in the upcoming board examination.


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Proto-industrialisation is a phase That existed way before the inception of factory set-up began in England and the whole of Europe. During the seventeenth and eighteenth century, merchants based in Europe requested for the production for an international market and the rules granted different guilds. Still, the merchants were restricted to expand their production of specific products. The Proto-industrial system became a network of commercial exchanges which were controlled by merchants.

Hand Labour and Steam Power

During the Victorian rule in Britain, the country faced no shortage of human labour. Industrialists faced no problems of any sorts on labour shortage or high wage costs; however, instead of machines, industrialists required large capital investments. There was an increase in demand for labour and turned into seasonal in several industries. In all such industries where the production of labour fluctuated with the season, industrialists usually preferred hand labour over the employment of workers for a particular season. However, this affected the workers’ lives through the abundance of labour in the market. After the 1840s, activities such as the widening of the roads, extension of the railway lines, the construction of new railway stations, embarkment of rivers, digging of tunnels dug, and even the laying of drainage and sewers.

Factory Set-Up

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During the year 1854, Bombay started and set-up the first cotton mill and later went into production after two years. In the year 1862, the industries set-up four more mills and around the same time jute mills emerged and were set-up in the state of Bengal. However, the first jute mill and industry were set up in the year 1855, and another one emerged after seven-year in the year 1862. During the 1860s, the Elgin Mill was started in North India, in Kanpur, and after a year, the first cotton mill emerged and was set-up in Ahmedabad. However. By the year 1874, the first weaving and spinning mill emerged and was set-up in Madras to begin the production.

Market for Goods

With the demand for more and new products, the need for advertisements occurred, and these advertisements helped people to market their products and make them appear desirable and necessary. Advertisements tried to shape the minds of viewers and help in the creation of new needs. Today, we are surrounded by these advertisements that appear in magazines, television screens, newspapers, hoardings, and even street walls. From the inception of the Industrial age, advertisements played a significant role in the expansion of the markets for products and even shaping the new consumer culture.

The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth

European Managing Agencies showed keen interests in specific goods or products such as coffee and tea as they established and invested in coffee and tea plantations and also in indigo, mining, and jute. During the late nineteenth century, Indian business people started setting their industries and produced yarn in the spinning mills by handloom weavers in India or exported to China. During the Swadeshi movement, the nationalists boycott foreign clothes, and then during the 1960s, Indian yarn exported to China declined. However, when the First World War ended, industrial growth in India remained slow and stagnant. The industrial production flourished over the years, and after the First World war, Manchester could never recapture and gain back its old position in the Indian market.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Describe the Role of the Age of Indian Textiles.

Ans: In India, before the inception of the machine industries, it was mostly the cotton and silk goods that dominated the international market in textiles. However, a variety of Indian bankers and merchants are involved in this network of finance trade such as supplying exporters, finance of production, and even carrying goods. However, during the 1750s, the Indian textile network that was being controlled by the Indian merchants broke down, and the European countries took control through monopoly trade rights and secured a variety of concessions from local courts. There was even a significant shift from the old ports to the ew ports as an indication of colonial growth of power. European companies controlled trade which collapsed several trading houses, and to survive, people had to operate within a network that was shaped by the European trading companies.

Q2. What are the Benefits of Referring to the Age of Industrialisation Notes?

Ans: The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 Notes present all the essential concepts and topics in an easy and detailed manner for students to grasp every concept, sections, or topics. The primary focus of the Age of Industrialisation Notes is to help students solve the extra inside questions which are the potential exam questions. The CBSE Class 10 History Chapter Age of Industrialisation Notes also aim to help students gain a comprehensive understanding of the essential topics like Proto-Industrialisation, Industrial Growth, Market for goods, Labour, and more as these concepts might comprise essential points that may be useful during revision in short times.

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