Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Notes History Chapter 2 - PDF Download
Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution tells us about the evolution of Socialism in Europe. The revolution changed the whole society entirely and raised different questions about the well-being of peasants and workers as well as questions on economic equality. Before the 18th century, the society was divided into orders and estates and the church and aristocracy were responsible for controlling social and economical power. However, after the revolution, things started to change and people did not want to live under the orders of a higher caste of people. The colonies' development reshaped the idea of social change. Learn the chapter in detail with the help of the revision notes for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution by Vedantu. Download the PDF now!
CBSE Class 9 Revision Notes for History Chapter 2 - Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
FAQs on CBSE Class 9 Revision Notes for History Chapter 2 - Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution
1. Name Four Socialists and/or Philosophers and Their Vision of the Future or How They Thought they Would Transform Society.
The four notable visionaries who dreamt of a socialist Europe are:
Robert Owen, an English socialist and a manufacturer, tried to make a cooperative community and named it New Harmony, placed in Indiana (USA).
France philosopher Louis Blanc wanted the government of the country to encourage its cooperatives to replace capitalists.
Karl Marx wanted the workers to free themselves from exploitation and have their own control.
Another person who was against capitalism was Friedrich Engels.
2. What are the Three Reasons that Lead to the Civil War Between the Russian Army of Non-Bolsheviks and Bolsheviks?
The three reasons leading to the civil war between the Russian army of Non-Bolsheviks and Bolsheviks, as explained in the History Chapter 2 Class 9 notes are:
Impact of the Land Redistribution Policy on Soldiers: The Russian army started to break up after the Bolsheviks ordered the land redistribution. Peasants and soldiers wanted to go home for redistribution.
Opposition from Whites and Greens: Non-Bolsheviks liberals, socialist and supporters condemned the uprising of Bolsheviks. All the leaders organized their troops and moved towards south Russia.
Outside Force: The Whites and Greens were backed by American, French, Japanese and Britain troops. The forces were scared with the socialism growth in Russia.
3. What were the ideas of the socialists in Chapter 2 of Class 9 History?
The socialists believed in the rights of individuals. They wanted to form a government where the representatives would be elected by the people and the laws would be created by a well-trained judiciary that is independent of rulers and officials. The socialists were non democrats because they did not believe in the universal adult franchise. With many more important questions that are created by the experts, Vedantu offers Revision Notes for the students to help them prepare for their exams in a more organized way. The notes and solutions are present on Vedantu's official website (vedantu.com) and mobile app for free of cost.
4. What was socialism in Russia?
Socialism is the economic system where the state has control over all means of production. They believed that only with the help of the state, all the people would be equally benefited. They were against private ownership and believed in cooperatives. For more understanding of this chapter, students can visit the Vedantu website or the app to make use of the Revision Notes created by the subject experts to make the exam preparations easier and helpful to score well in the finals.
5. What is called the Russian Revolution in Chapter 2 of Class 9 History?
The Russian Revolution is also called the Russian Revolution of 1917 where a series of events that happened in Russia resulted in the abolition of the monarchy and the idea of socialism spread in the world. This revolution had a global level impact that changed the lives of the common people. This Russian revolution took place in the final phase of world war I, where it became the world’s first communist state replacing the monarchy. For students to revise better on the Russian Revolution, download the Revision Notes provided by the Vedantu (vedantu.com).
6. Who is the father of socialism in Chapter 2 of Class 9 History?
The father of Socialism is Karl Marx. The book Communist Manifesto was published in the year 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The book was released just before the Revolution swept Europe and changed the lives of the common people all over the world. Revision is an important phase when you prepare for the exams, Vedantu offers revision notes for the concepts which are carefully prepared by the experts. Download the free pdf of revision notes and start your preparations to ace the exams.
7. What are the main topics in the revision notes of Chapter 2 Class 9 History?
The topics that are covered in the revision notes are The Age of Social Change, The Global Influence of the Russian Revolution and the USSR, The Russian Revolution, What Changed after October, and The February Revolution in Petrograd. Students can make use of the revision notes to get well versed in all the chapters and prepare for their finals. Students can download the pdf of revision notes prepared by the subject experts at the Vedantu website for free of cost.