CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Notes - Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution

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Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Notes History Chapter 2 - PDF Download

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Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution tells us about the evolution of Socialism in Europe. The revolution changed the whole society entirely and raised different questions about the well-being of peasants and workers as well as questions on economic equality. Before the 18th century, the society was divided into orders and estates and the church and aristocracy were responsible for controlling social and economical power. However, after the revolution, things started to change and people did not want to live under the orders of a higher caste of people. The colonies' development reshaped the idea of social change. Learn the chapter in detail with the help of the revision notes for Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution by Vedantu. Download the PDF now!

CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Notes - Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution part-1
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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1. Name Four Socialists and/or Philosophers and Their Vision of the Future or How They Thought they Would Transform Society.

Ans: The four notable visionaries who dreamt of a socialist Europe are:

  • Robert Owen, an English socialist and a manufacturer, tried to make a cooperative community and named it New Harmony, placed in Indiana (USA).

  • France philosopher Louis Blanc wanted the government of the country to encourage its cooperatives to replace capitalists.

  • Karl Marx wanted the workers to free themselves from exploitation and have their own control.

  • Another person who was against capitalism was Friedrich Engels.

Q2. What are the Three Reasons that Lead to the Civil War Between the Russian Army of Non-Bolsheviks and Bolsheviks?

Ans: The three reasons leading to the civil war between the Russian army of Non-Bolsheviks and Bolsheviks, as explained in the History Chapter 2 Class 9 notes are:

  • Impact of the Land Redistribution Policy on Soldiers: The Russian army started to break up after the Bolsheviks ordered the land redistribution. Peasants and soldiers wanted to go home for redistribution.

  • Opposition from Whites and Greens: Non-Bolsheviks liberals, socialist and supporters condemned the uprising of Bolsheviks. All the leaders organized their troops and moved towards south Russia.

  • Outside Force: The Whites and Greens were backed by American, French, Japanese and Britain troops. The forces were scared with the socialism growth in Russia.