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India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes CBSE Geography Chapter 8 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 17th Apr 2024
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India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 8 - PDF Download

Embark on an exciting journey through Class 6 Social Chapter 8 - 'India Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife.' Discover the different weather zones, lush greenery, and unique animals that make India special. Dive into the connections that weave together India's ecosystem. Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 notes, created by experienced teachers, offer easy-to-understand, comprehensive study material. These notes are a valuable resource for students preparing for board exams. Download them in a free PDF format to study offline and make learning about India's climate, vegetation, and wildlife enjoyable and accessible.

Download CBSE Class 6 Geography Revision Notes 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 6 Geography revision notes for All chapters:

Access Class 6 Social Science Chapter 8 - India- Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Notes

In India the Four Major Seasons Are:

  1. Cold Weather Season (commonly known as Winters)- From December to February

  2. Hot Weather Season (commonly known as Summer)- From March to May

  3. Southwest Monsoon Season (Known as Rainy)- From June to September

  4. Season of Retreating Monsoon (known as Autumn)- From October and November

Cold Weather Season or Winter

In the cold weather, the rays coming from the sun do not fall directly in the region. Due to this, the temperatures remains quite low in northern India.

Hot Weather Season or Summer

In the hot weather season these rays coming from the sun are more or less directly falling in this region. This cause increased temperature. The Hot and dry winds blowing is referred as loo, during the day.

South-West Monsoon Season or Rainy Season

This season starts by the onset and advance of the monsoon. The direction of the wind is from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal towards the land. These winds carry moisture with them. Once these winds strike the mountain barriers, rainfall occurs.

Season of Retreating Monsoon or Autumn

Winds start to come back from the land area to the Bay of Bengal. This season is referred to as the retreating monsoons. The southern parts of India, mainly Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall in this season.

  • The climate is the average weather condition over a place, which has been measured over many years. The climate of India is described as Monsoon type.

  • Since  India’s is present  in the tropical region, most of the rain falling is brought in by monsoon winds coming here. In India, agriculture is dependent on rains. Good monsoons bring adequate rain for crops. The climate of any place is affected by some factors like its location, altitude, distance from the sea. Hence, regional differences can be experienced in the climate of India.

Natural Vegetation

We see a variety of plant life like small plants known as bushes and some shrubs like cactus and flowering plants, some tall trees, some with many branches and leaves like neem, mango, etc. The shrubs, grasses, and trees, grow on their own without help from human beings is referred as natural vegetation. The natural vegetation is dependent on different climatic conditions in which they are grown, and the amount of rainfall. Due to these different climatic conditions, India holds a wide range of natural vegetation.

Why are Forests Necessary?

Forests are very useful and perform various functions like release oxygen for us to breathe and absorb carbon dioxide. The roots of the plants bind with the soil; preventing soil erosion. Timber for furniture, fuelwood, fodder, medicinal plants and herbs, lac, honey, gum is obtained from forest.

Forests are the natural habitat of wildlife. Natural vegetation nowadays has been destroyed to a large extent because of the cutting of trees for human purposes.


Forests are home to a number of species of animals and a large number of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects and worms living there. The tiger is India's national animal. Tiger can be seen in various parts of the country. Gir forest in Gujarat is referred as the home of Asiatic lions. One-horned rhinoceroses and elephants could be seen in the forests of Assam. Elephants can also be seen in Kerala and Karnataka. Camels and wild asses can be seen in the Great Indian desert and the Rann of Kuchchh.

Peacock is the national bird of India. Some other birds commonly found are parrots, pigeons, mynah, geese, bulbul and ducks. The bird sanctuaries which are created to provide a natural habitat for these birds.

Due to the cutting of forests ( Known as deforestation) and hunting, some of the species of India are declining at a faster rate. Some of the species have become extinct. In order to protect these species national parks, sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves have been made. The Government has also initiated Project Tiger and Project Elephant in order to protect these animals.

Chapter Summary - India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

Chapter 8, "India - Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife" in Class 6 Social Science, takes us on a captivating exploration of India's diverse nature. We learn about different climates, from tropical to alpine, discover lush vegetation like tropical forests, and explore unique wildlife, from mammals to birds. The chapter emphasizes how climate, vegetation, and wildlife are interconnected, creating the beautiful ecosystems we see in India. Expertly crafted notes by experienced teachers provide students with an easy-to-understand and comprehensive study resource, making learning about India's incredible environment both enjoyable and educational.

Easy Hacks to Learn Class 6 Chapter 8 -  India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

Embarking on the adventure of learning Class 6 Chapter 8 - "India: Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife" can be exciting! To make this journey enjoyable and fruitful, here are some easy tips for our young learners:

1. Visual Aids: Use pictures and diagrams to understand different climates, vegetation types, and wildlife. Visuals make learning fun and memorable.

2. Explore Nature: Take a walk in a park or garden to connect real-life experiences with what you're studying. Observe plants and animals around you.

3. Make Flashcards: Create flashcards for key terms and concepts. This helps reinforce your memory and makes revision easy.

4. Storytelling: Turn facts into stories. Create a narrative around climate zones, vegetation, and wildlife. This makes learning more engaging.

5. Group Study: Collaborate with classmates for group discussions. Share your understanding and learn from others. Teaching each other is a great way to grasp concepts.

6. Use Online Resources: Explore online videos and interactive quizzes. Websites like Vedantu offer helpful resources to supplement your learning.

Remember, learning about India's climate, vegetation, and wildlife can be an enjoyable exploration of the world around you!

Why Choose Vedantu for Class 6 Chapter 8 - India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife?

Unlock the benefits of Vedantu’s Revision Notes for Class 6 Social Chapter 8 - 'India Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife' to make learning a breeze!

1. Quick Summaries: Get speedy, clear snapshots of vital concepts specific to India's climate, vegetation, and wildlife.

2. Simplified Understanding: Demystify complex topics effortlessly, ensuring a better grasp of the chapter's intricacies.

3. Efficient Exam Prep: A handy tool for last-minute preparations, these notes enhance your readiness for exams.

4. Improved Retention: Facilitate better memory recall by reinforcing crucial information in an accessible manner.

5. Key Points and Tips: Aid your exam preparation with essential points and valuable tips curated for Class 6 students.

6. Time-Saving Resource: Save valuable study time by accessing consolidated and prioritized information.

7. Focus on Important Topics: Streamline your focus on critical topics and questions vital for exams.

8. Real-World Examples: Relate to practical examples connecting the chapter to the world around you.

9. Boosted Confidence: Gain confidence for exams with these user-friendly notes, tailored for Class 6 students.


To unlock a deeper understanding of Class 6 Chapter 8, 'India - Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife,' turn to Vedantu's carefully crafted NCERT notes. These notes, tailored for Class 6 students, simplify complexities, making last-minute preparations a breeze. Dive into the diverse climates, lush vegetation, and rich wildlife of India, unraveling the connections that shape its unique ecosystems. Vedantu's notes not only enhance your study efficiency but also cultivate a profound understanding of the subject. As you explore climate, vegetation, and wildlife, let these notes be your invaluable guide to navigating through questions effortlessly and mastering the fascinating world of India's environment.

FAQs on India - Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes CBSE Geography Chapter 8 (Free PDF Download)

Q1. What is the climate and vegetation of India?

Ans: India has a diverse spectrum of natural plants due to its diverse climatic conditions. The tropical evergreen forest, tropical deciduous forest, thorny bushes, mountain vegetation, and mangrove forests are the five types of vegetation found in India. The climate of the Indian subcontinent is of diverse nature and is characterized by a wide range of meteorological conditions occupying a large geographic area and is also characterized by varying topography, making generalizations difficult. South India's climate is usually hotter and more humid than North India's.

Q2. What type of climate is there in India?

Ans: As a result of India's large geographic area and diverse topography, generalizations about the country's climate are impossible. In general, the climate in South India is warmer and more humid when compared to the climate in North India. The majority of India is subtropical, which implies scorching summers, humid rainy seasons, and moderate winters. Summers are pleasant and winters are chilly in the hilly regions. Between June and August, the monsoons hit the majority of India. For detailed notes on Chapter 8 of Class 6 Geography, visit Vedantu website or mobile app and download the notes free of cost.

Q3. What is natural vegetation? Give some examples of vegetation from Chapter 8 of Class 6 Geography?

Ans: The term "natural vegetation" refers to plants that have not been cultivated by humans. Temperature and moisture play a role in plant development. It also depends on parameters such as slope and soil thickness. It refers to grasses, bushes, and trees that develop naturally without human intervention or assistance. Other commercially significant species include bamboos, sal, shisham, sandalwood, khair, kusum, arjun, and mulberry. The reduction in temperature with increasing altitude causes a shift in natural vegetation in mountainous locations.

Q4. Where can I download the PDF version of the Solutions of NCERT Chapter 8 of Class 6 SST Geography?

Ans: The solutions are easily available on the Vedantu site. 

  1. Visit the page-NCERT Solutions for Chapter 8 of Class 6 Geography.

  2. The webpage with Vedantu’s solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 will open.

  3. To download this, click on the Download PDF button and you can view the solutions offline.

For more modules and help regarding various topics of Class 6 Geography and other subjects as well you can visit the Vedantu site.

Q5. What are the factors that affect the climate of India?

Ans: The climate of India is influenced by variables like latitude, altitude, pressure, and winds. From the Rann of Kuchchh in the west to Mizoram in the east, the Tropic of Cancer runs through the nation. India is located in the north-eastern hemisphere. Similarly, adverse effects of the modern world are also evident. The greenhouse effect is one of the major reasons behind climate change. Some gases present in the atmosphere of the Earth function like greenhouse glass, trapping the sun's heat energy and also preventing it from escaping into space, resulting in global warming.