Size and Location Class 9 Notes Geography Chapter 1 - PDF Download
India is a large country and one of the modern civilisations in the world. India has achieved remarkable growth in the last five decades. Indian Economy is mainly dependent on agriculture. However, the Indian economy has been growing not only in the agriculture sector but also in the industrial and technology sector.
In the India Size and Location notes, the main points of this chapter are thoroughly discussed. Chapter 1 describes the size, location, and neighbours of India. Apart from that, this chapter also compared India with other countries of the world in regards to its size and location.
Important Topics and Subtopics Covered in CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1
Given below are important topics and subtopics from Chapter 1 of CBSE Class 9 Geography. Questions from these topics and subtopics have been asked in the previous years’ question papers and therefore the below-given topics are quite crucial for the upcoming examination.
Size of India
Location of India
Latitudinal and longitudinal extensions of India
India and the World - India’s Relationship with the World
Neighbours of India
Indian Ocean- the Central Location of India
Countries that lie on the eastern coast and the western coast of India
The total area of India and the land boundary
Size and Location Revision Notes for CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Free PDF
FAQs on Size and Location Revision Notes for CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Free PDF
Q1. Why does the Sun Rise Two Hours Earlier in Arunachal Pradesh than Gujarat?
Ans: There is a time difference of two hours between Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh. But, the time along the Standard Meridian of India passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is considered as the standard time in the whole country.
The latitudinal extent of India has direct influence on the duration of the day and night in the country. As a result, the sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh than Gujarat and the watches show the same time in both of the places.
Q2. How is the Location of India in Asia?
Ans: India is located in central Asia. Our country has such a fine strategic location due to the trans-Indian Ocean routes. The Indian Ocean connects the European countries with the countries of East Asia. The Deccan Peninsula helps India to connect with West Asia. It is because of this reason; this ocean is named the Indian Ocean.
Q3. What is India's size as given in the Chapter 1 of Class 9 Geography textbook?
India’s total land area is approximately around 3.28 million square km. These numbers account for 2.4 percent of the total land mass in the world. As per data collected, India is the 7th largest country in the world by size. The numbers in the Class 9 textbook state that India’s land boundary is 15,200 km. In addition to this, the length of India’s coastline also stands at around 7,500 km
Q4. Who are India’s neighbours?
India shares its land borders with several neighbouring countries geographically. These countries are Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, and Bhutan, Tibet, and Nepal in the north. Myanmar and Bangladesh are to our east while in the South, we have the Indian Ocean surrounding us. Across the Palk Strait, we are neighbours with Sri Lanka. On the other hand, the country of Maldives lies just beyond the coast of the Lakshadweep Islands.
Q5. What is the history behind India’s land routes?
Although we pride ourselves on the robust naval network we have built, India’s land routes hold a very rich history. Indians have grown up listening to stories of courageous men who made their way across the passes in the mountains. It was these land routes that aided the exchange of ideas and goods long before travel across water was even considered. Trade flourished because of these land routes and Indians were able to communicate with other parts of the world.
Q6. Why do we have a set Indian Standard Time?
Earlier, it was discovered that the time in Gujarat in the west and Arunachal Pradesh in the east is not the same. There is a lag of nearly 2 hours. In order to unite the country under one time zone, the Standard Meridian of India (82°30'E) was conceived. It passes through Mirzapur. Now, that is how we define Indian Standard Time (IST) for all the states across India. To know more, refer to CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes provided free of cost by Vedantu.
Q7. Why is Chapter 1 of Class 9 Geography important?
The CBSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 gives students an overview about the specifications of our country. Its size, location, and boundaries are discussed in depth. In addition to this, clarity is provided regarding ancient land routes and their importance. India’s relationship with other countries of the world is also discussed in brief. This helps us understand where we stand. For more information about this chapter, check out CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes from the Vedantu app or website.