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Size and Location Revision Notes for CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Free PDF


Size and Location Class 9 Notes Geography Chapter 1 - PDF Download

India is a large country and one of the modern civilisations in the world. India has achieved remarkable growth in the last five decades. Indian Economy is mainly dependent on agriculture. However, the Indian economy has been growing not only in the agriculture sector but also in the industrial and technology sector.

In the India Size and Location notes, the main points of this chapter are thoroughly discussed. Chapter 1 describes the size, location, and neighbours of India. Apart from that, this chapter also compared India with other countries of the world in regards to its size and location.

Important Topics and Subtopics Covered in CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1

Given below are important topics and subtopics from Chapter 1 of CBSE Class 9 Geography. Questions from these topics and subtopics have been asked in the previous years’ question papers and therefore the below-given topics are quite crucial for the upcoming examination.

  • Size of India

  • Location of India

  • Latitudinal and longitudinal extensions of India

  • India and the World - India’s Relationship with the World

  • Neighbours of India

  • Indian Ocean- the Central Location of India

  • Countries that lie on the eastern coast and the western coast of India

  • The total area of India and the land boundary

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Access Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 1 - India-Size and Location Notes

India is one of the world's oldest civilizations. It has progressed politically, geographically, socially, and economically over the last few decades. India has also played a significant role in shaping world history.


Location of India

  • It is a vast country located in the northern hemisphere, with latitudes ranging from 8°4'N to 37°6'N and longitudes ranging from 68°7'E to 97°25'E.

  • The Tropic of Cancer, 23° 30'N roughly divides the country into two equal halves.

  • The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are in the Bay of Bengal to the south-east of the mainland, and the Lakshadweep Islands are in the Arabian Sea to the southwest.


Size of India

  • India's landmass covers 3.28 million sq. km, accounting for approximately 2.4% of the world's total geographical area.

  • In terms of landmass, India is regarded as the world's seventh largest country.

  • India has an area of ​​about 15,200 square miles [15,200 km], and the length of the entire coastal area, including the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep, is 7516.6 square miles.

  • In the northeast, north, and northwest, India is bounded by young fold mountains.

  • It begins to move south at 22 ° latitude north and reaches the Indian Ocean, dividing it into two seas, the Arabian Sea to the west and the Bay.

  • Time near Standard Meridian of India, 82 ° 30, passing through Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, is considered the country's standard time.

  • As one proceeds from south to north, the length of the day and night is influenced by the latitudinal extent.


India and Her Relationship with World

  • India is situated in the center of the Asian continent, between west and east. It is a southerly extension of the Asian continent. It is distinct from the rest of Asia and is referred to as a subcontinent.

  • The trans-Indian Ocean routes link Western European countries with East Asian countries. No other country in the Indian Ocean has a coastline as long as India's.

  • India is the only country to have an ocean after its name.

  • India's land routes predate sea routes for a long time. The various routes that cut through the northern mountains provided transportation for ancient travelers because the sea had previously limited such communication.

  • These routes brought the Ramayana and Mahabharata Indian epics, Panchatantra stories, Upanishads, Indian numerals, and the decimal system to the world. Besides, goods such as muslin and spices were exported from the country to other parts of the world.

  • The influence of Greek sculpture and architecture can be widely seen in the country. 


India and its Neighbours

  • The country holds a strategic position in South Asia with 28 states and 8 union territories.

  • With 28 states and 8 union territories, the country holds a strategic position in South Asia.

  • India shares its borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, in the north with Nepal, Bhutan, and China (Tibet), and in the east with Myanmar and Bangladesh. Two neighbouring island countries are located to the south, Sri Lanka and the Maldives.

  • The country is geographically and historically connected to its neighbours.


Some Interesting Facts about India

  • Prior to1947, India had two types of states: provinces and princely states. The provinces were ruled by British officials appointed as viceroys by the British Council. In exchange for loyalty against the British government, the princely states were ruled by local hereditary rulers.

  • Indira Point, the Indian Union's southernmost point, was submerged by waters during the 2004 Tsunami.

  • India’s distance from Europe has decreased by 7000 km since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1896.

  • India has the world's second highest population density. 

  • Kanchenjunga, India's highest mountain peak, is the world's third highest mountain peak.


Important Questions and Answers:

1. Why is the central location of India advantageous for the country?

Ans: India has a strategic advantage due to its location in the center of the Indian Ocean, as the Trans Indian Ocean routes connect her to countries in Europe and Asia. India's strategic location in the ocean allows it to create ties with West Asia, Africa, and Europe. Since ancient times, India's wide coastline and natural harbors have aided in trade and commerce with neighbouring and distant countries. It is extremely beneficial for trade with Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, and Europe. India benefits from the south-west monsoon seasons because of its marine location.


2. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh than in Gujarat. In spite of this fact, all the watches show the same time. Why?

Ans: There is a two-hour time difference between Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh, although the watches show the same time since the time along the Standard Meridian of India i.e., 82° 30' E passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is used as the country's standard time. Because the same standard time has been established for the entire country, watches in Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat, as well as the rest of the country, display the same time.


3. Which countries neighbour India?

Ans: India is bounded on the north by China-the country with the largest land area, 96 lakh square kilometers, Nepal, and Bhutan, on the south by Sri Lanka, on the east by Myanmar and Bangladesh, on the west by Pakistan, and on the north-west by Afghanistan. The Maldives, India's smallest neighbour which expands over 298 square kilometers is situated to the south-east of the country. India maintains trade and cultural ties with these neighbours.


4. Write a short note on the silk route.

Ans: The silk route is a centuries-old commercial route that connects Asia to the Mediterranean Sea. It traverses and connects China, India, Greece, Persia, and Italy. Silk traffic was done through this route throughout the ancient period, and therefore the term silk route. Silk was developed in China and exported to other countries. Furthermore, the root aided the commerce of muslin, spices, and other commodities from India.


5. Why are the Himalayas important for India?

Ans: The Himalayas are a significant physical barrier that separates the Indian subcontinent from the rest of the world. They serve as both a military and a climatic barrier. The Himalayas also keep the cold and chilly winds from the north polar regions from influencing the Indian subcontinent's climate as a result there are no harsh winters. It also prevents moisture-laden winds from the south from blowing into Central Asia, resulting in rainfall across the subcontinent. As the Himalayas are known as the "abode of snow," they are the source of numerous perennial rivers and their tributaries. Throughout the year, these rivers provide water for irrigation and agricultural purposes. They store a massive amount of valuable minerals that are vital to the country. It has diverse biodiversity, with a wide range of fauna and flora.


6. How had the passes through the mountains been useful in the ancient times for India?


  • India has been linked to the rest of the world via mountain routes in the north, north-east, and north-west. 

  • Since time immemorial, these routes have been used for transportation. These routes were utilized by ancient travelers to travel to and from India. 

  • India provided the world with its number and decimal systems. These routes were used to spread the famous epics of Ramayana and Mahabharat, as well as the Upanishads and the Panchatantra.

  • These channels have allowed for the movement of commodities and ideas. The Greek architectural style was adopted by India.


India Size and Location Class 9 PDF

Chapter 9, India Size and Location describes the vast location of India. It also describes the details of the surroundings of India, how India looks like a part of the world and the neighbouring countries of India. This article is a summary of NCERT Geography book class 9 chapter 1. It will help students to understand the chapter entirely.


India Size and Location Class 9 Notes


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India is divided into two equal parts by The Tropic of Cancer. The central part of India lies in the Northern hemisphere. There are the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep islands located at the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea respectively In the southeast and southwest of India.


Size of India


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Geography class 9, chapter 1, notes describe the size and boundaries of India. The total size of India is approximately 2.4 per cent of the total size of the world. India's total size is approximately 3.28 million square kilometers. The land boundary of India is almost 15200 kilometers in length. But the total length of the coastline including two islands is almost 7516.6 kilometers. Mountains surround the northern part of India. These mountains become thinner in the south, extends to the Indian Ocean, and divides it into two seas.


One is the Bay of Bengal in the east, and another is the Arabian Sea in the west. The east-west extension of the mainland is smaller than the north-south extension. Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh have a time difference of two hours. The time at Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is considered as the standard time in the whole country. However, the latitudinal extent of India influences the duration of the day and night in the country. More information on this subject can be found on Geography class 9 chapter 1 notes.


India and the World

Geography class 9 notes describe the location of India in the world. India is located in central Asia. India has this fine strategic location due to the trans-Indian Ocean routes. The Deccan Peninsula helps India to connect with West Asia. The largest coastline of India is situated in the Indian Ocean. India is well-connected with the rest of the world through land and water.


However, its land contact is older than water contact. The oceans have restricted travel in the country in ancient times. But, the land passages helped in the travel of ancient travelers. India also has a rich source of spices that are exported to many countries of the world. The architectural style of West Asia and Greek culture are seen in different parts of India.


India and its Neighbours

The class 9 Geography chapter 1 notes describe India's geographical connection with the rest of the world and its surroundings. India has a strong historical connection with its neighbours. It has a total of 28 states and 9 Union Territories. It shares its border with Afghanistan and Pakistan in the northwest and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. Sri Lanka and the Maldives are on the southern side of India.

Benefits of CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 India: Size and Location

The following are a few benefits that students of Class 9 Geography will be able to gain by referring to these revision notes.

  • These revision notes have been prepared as per the latest CBSE syllabus. Our experts have prepared these notes in reference with the board exam question papers.

  • The revision notes of Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 India: Size and Location have been prepared in the form of precise bulleted lists or paragraphs to ensure that students can cover all important topics and subtopics without reading through the entire chapter before the exam.

  • A short summary of the entire chapter has been provided to ensure quick revision that will help students to revise the chapter effectively.

  • These notes have been prepared by our Geography subject experts who have taken special care to frame every answer keeping in mind the needs of the students to score well in exams.

  • The revision notes also come with some important solved questions that ensure that students know how to solve such questions and frame the right answers.

Footer Content

If you are aiming to score high marks in your CBSE Class 9 exams, these revision notes must be included in your study materials. You can download the free PDF file of CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 from Vedantu and go through the notes before your exams. Read through the list of important points for every topic and prepare them for your exam.

Fun Facts

There are many interesting facts in Geography class 9 notes. One of the interesting facts is that the southernmost point of the Indian Union, Indira Point, got submerged under the sea due to the Tsunami in 2004. The opening of the Suez Canal reduced the distance between India and Europe by 7000 kilometers. Before 1947, the states of India were divided into Provinces and the Princely States. The locals ruled provinces, but Princely states were ruled by the British.

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FAQs on Size and Location Revision Notes for CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Free PDF

Q1. Why does the Sun Rise Two Hours Earlier in Arunachal Pradesh than Gujarat?

Ans: There is a time difference of two hours between Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh. But, the time along the Standard Meridian of India passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh is considered as the standard time in the whole country.

The latitudinal extent of India has direct influence on the duration of the day and night in the country. As a result, the sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh than Gujarat and the watches show the same time in both of the places.

Q2. How is the Location of India in Asia?

Ans: India is located in central Asia. Our country has such a fine strategic location due to the trans-Indian Ocean routes. The Indian Ocean connects the European countries with the countries of East Asia. The Deccan Peninsula helps India to connect with West Asia. It is because of this reason; this ocean is named the Indian Ocean.

Q3. What is India's size as given in the Chapter 1 of Class 9 Geography textbook?

India’s total land area is approximately around 3.28 million square km. These numbers account for 2.4 percent of the total land mass in the world. As per data collected, India is the 7th largest country in the world by size. The numbers in the Class 9 textbook state that India’s land boundary is 15,200 km. In addition to  this, the length of India’s coastline also stands at around 7,500 km

Q4. Who are India’s neighbours?

India shares its land borders with several neighbouring countries geographically. These countries are Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, and Bhutan, Tibet, and Nepal in the north. Myanmar and Bangladesh are to our east while in the South, we have the Indian Ocean surrounding us. Across the Palk Strait, we are neighbours with Sri Lanka. On the other hand, the country of Maldives lies just beyond the coast of the Lakshadweep Islands. 

Q5. What is the history behind India’s land routes?

Although we pride ourselves on the robust naval network we have built, India’s land routes hold a very rich history. Indians have grown up listening to stories of courageous men who made their way across the passes in the mountains. It was these land routes that aided the exchange of ideas and goods long before travel across water was even considered. Trade flourished because of these land routes and Indians were able to communicate with other parts of the world. 

Q6. Why do we have a set Indian Standard Time?

Earlier, it was discovered that the time in Gujarat in the west and Arunachal Pradesh in the east is not the same. There is a lag of nearly 2 hours. In order to unite the country under one time zone, the Standard Meridian of India (82°30'E) was conceived. It passes through Mirzapur. Now, that is how we define Indian Standard Time (IST) for all the states across India. To know more, refer to CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes provided free of cost by Vedantu.

Q7. Why is Chapter 1 of Class 9 Geography important?

The CBSE Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 gives students an overview about the specifications of our country. Its size, location, and boundaries are discussed in depth. In addition to this, clarity is provided regarding ancient land routes and their importance. India’s relationship with other countries of the world is also discussed in brief. This helps us understand where we stand. For more information about this chapter, check out CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 Notes from the Vedantu app or website.