The French Revolution Class 9 Notes History Chapter 1 - PDF Download
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Before the French Revolution
Before the French revolution, the French territories and society were like an ancient regime. They had feudal lords who had taken over the political system of the country. The French society was divided into three Estates. They were the clergy, the nobility and the peasants and workers. The upper two estates were closer to the royals and hence received favours easily. The others had to pay multiple taxes and had a life of suffering.
The Initial Stage of the Revolution
When King Louis XVI sat on the throne, the financial condition of France was horrible.
The king decided to convene the Estates-General to put more taxes upon the citizens on the Finance Minister’s advice.
The votes of the Estate General used to happen on a per Estate basis.
The people of the Third Estate demanded that the votes should happen on a per head basis.
The King did not agree with such a proposal so the representatives of the Third Estate walked out of the assembly.
The Tennis Court Oath
The representatives of the Third Estate formed a National Assembly where they tried to draft a constitution that would limit the powers of the monarchy. The King and the Clergy ultimately conceded to the National Assembly. The legislative powers then shifted from the hands of the King to the National Assembly.
The newly created Legislative Assembly was divided into various political groups.
The Republicans (The Girondins and The Jacobins)
The Rise of The Jacobins
Due to war, France faced havoc. The Girondins lost power and the Jacobins became the rulers. They declared France a Republic but it lost its value when they turned into tyrants. It was a brutal period of terror that the French had to face. Their leader, Robespierre was killed in 1794.
The Rise of The Middle Class
The middle class became powerful in the National Convention after the Jacobins left power.
The National Convention again created a new constitution.
Now, the Legislative Assembly has become bicameral.
There were 5 directors in the Executive.
Two-thirds of the members were from the National Convention.
The public did not receive it well and attacked the convention in 1795.
Napoleon, who stopped this attack later became the commander in chief of the French Army and also the supreme leader of France in 1799.
Frequently Asked Question and Answers
1. List all the important dates or years related to the French Revolution?
Ans: The important years associated with the French Revolution are as follows:
1774 - Louis XVI became the King.
5th May 1789 - The king calls the Estates-General.
20th June 1789 - Tennis Court Oath.
14th July 1789 - The razing of Bastille and the official start of the French Revolution.
1791 - The National Assembly completes the draft of the new constitution where France is regarded as a constitutional monarchy.
1792 - The National Convention declared France a Republic.
1793 -1794 - The Reign of Terror
1794 - Robespierre is killed and the Directory system is introduced.
1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the first consul.
2. Why were women disappointed with the French Revolution?
Ans: The new French Constitution considered women as passive citizens and there were no rights for the women. The political clubs of the females were also banned. So, they were disappointed with the Revolution.
3. Can you list some of the democratic rights that we enjoy today that have their origins rooted in the French Revolution?
Ans: Here are the democratic rights that have their origin in the French Revolution:
Election of leaders and representatives
Equality before law
Right to Freedom
Right to Personal Liberty
4. How was the message of the Universal Rights contradictory in nature?
Ans: The Declaration of Rights announced that all men were equal in the eyes of law. But the right to vote was granted only to those men who could pay taxes equal to three days’ wages. The women and non-tax-paying men were deemed, passive citizens. Thus, a large number of citizens became passive and could not vote making the Universal rights contradictory. So, in a way, the Universal Rights were not universal in nature.
5. What was the contribution of the French Philosophers to the French Revolution?
Ans: The French philosophers had little to do with the French Revolution. They are remembered today only for their ideas which planted the seeds of revolution into the mind of the people.
FAQs on The French Revolution Class 9 Notes CBSE History Chapter 1 [Free PDF Download]
1. What is the French Revolution according to Chapter 1 of Class 9 History?
The French Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1789, took place in France and did not end until 1799. It was an overthrow of the French monarchy by the population due to the political, economical, and social inequalities creating differences. One important event that took place as a part of the French Revolution is the Razing of the Bastille. An important law that was brought into practice as the revolution took place was the abolition of censorship.
2. What were the main causes of the French Revolution according to Chapter 1 of Class 9 History notes?
According to the Class 9 History Chapter 1 notes, the following were the main causes that lead to the evoking of the French Revolution:
War against Britain to help America achieve independence
Privileges provided based on birth
The concentration of power among the privileged citizens
Subsistence crisis due to the rising population
Growing middle-class population taking a stand for themselves.
Students can find detailed explanations for these causes in the CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 Notes - The French Revolution part-1.
3. Where can I find Class 9 History Chapter 1-French Revolution notes?
Notes provided by subject experts at Vedantu are just the right source for you if you are looking for revision notes that are well-explained, accurate, and thorough with each detail from the chapter. Students can access and download the revision notes for Class 9 History Chapter 1 - French Revolution in PDF form free of cost. The notes are available on Vedantu’s website and mobile app. These notes are also available in the Hindi medium.
4. What are the topics covered in Class 9 History Chapter 1 notes?
The Class 9 History Chapter 1 Revision Notes have been designed to cover each topic that is provided in the NCERT.
The following is a list of thoroughly explained topics that are a part of Chapter 1:
The initial events
The Tennis Court Oath
The Razing of the Bastille
The Entry of Jacobins
The Rise of Jacobins
The Rise of the Middle Class
The End of the French Revolution
5. Explain the three estates as discussed in Class 9 History Chapter 1.
As explained in Class 9 History Chapter 1 revision notes, the French society had been divided into three estates. The first estate was made up of the clergy, the second of the nobility, and the third consisted of everyone else i.e. the common population. The first two estates were considered as privileged as they barely paid any taxes and yet owned most of the land. While the third estate had to provide services to the first two estates and pay a variety of taxes as well.