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CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 Notes - The French Revolution

Last updated date: 12th Apr 2024
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The French Revolution Class 9 Notes History Chapter 1 - FREE PDF Download

CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 notes are carefully prepared by expert teachers who have years of experience in teaching Social Science. These The French Revolution Class 9 notes are easy to understand, comprehensive, and good study material to refer to before the board exams. Students can download History Class 9 Chapter 1 notes in free PDF format to study offline as well.

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Access Social Science Class 9 History Chapter 1 Notes – The French Revolution

Before the French Revolution

Before the French revolution, the French territories and society were like an ancient regime. They had feudal lords who had taken over the political system of the country. The French society was divided into three Estates. They were the clergy, the nobility and the peasants and workers. The upper two estates were closer to the royals and hence received favours easily. The others had to pay multiple taxes and had a life of suffering.

The Initial Stage of the Revolution

  • When King Louis XVI sat on the throne, the financial condition of France was horrible.

  • The king decided to convene the Estates-General to put more taxes upon the citizens on the Finance Minister’s advice.

  • The votes of the Estate General used to happen on a per Estate basis.

  • The people of the Third Estate demanded that the votes should happen on a per head basis.

  • The King did not agree with such a proposal so the representatives of the Third Estate walked out of the assembly.

The Tennis Court Oath

The representatives of the Third Estate formed a National Assembly where they tried to draft a constitution that would limit the powers of the monarchy. The King and the Clergy ultimately conceded to the National Assembly. The legislative powers then shifted from the hands of the King to the National Assembly.

The newly created Legislative Assembly was divided into various political groups.

  • The Constitutionalists

  • The Republicans (The Girondins and The Jacobins)

The Rise of The Jacobins

Due to war, France faced havoc. The Girondins lost power and the Jacobins became the rulers. They declared France a Republic but it lost its value when they turned into tyrants. It was a brutal period of terror that the French had to face. Their leader, Robespierre was killed in 1794.

The Rise of The Middle Class

  • The middle class became powerful in the National Convention after the Jacobins left power.

  • The National Convention again created a new constitution.

  • Now, the Legislative Assembly has become bicameral.

  • There were 5 directors in the Executive.

  • Two-thirds of the members were from the National Convention.

  • The public did not receive it well and attacked the convention in 1795.

  • Napoleon, who stopped this attack later became the commander in chief of the French Army and also the supreme leader of France in 1799.

List of Important Dates and Years Related to The French Revolution Class 9 Notes


Date and Year

Louis XVI became the King.


The king calls the Estates-General.

5th May 1789 

Tennis Court Oath.

20th June 1789

The razing of the Bastille and the official start of the French  Revolution.

14th July 1789 

The National Assembly completes the draft of the new constitution where France is regarded as a constitutional monarchy.


The National Convention declared France a Republic.


The Reign of Terror

1793 -1794 

Robespierre is killed and the Directory system is introduced.


Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the first consul.


French Revolution Class 9 Notes - Interesting Facts

The French Revolution was a significant event in history that brought about radical political and social changes in France during the late 18th century. Here are some interesting facts about the French Revolution:

  1. The French Revolution began on July 14, 1789, with the storming of the Bastille prison in Paris. This event is considered a symbol of the revolution and is celebrated as Bastille Day in France.

  2. The French Revolution was fueled by ideas of the Enlightenment, such as liberty, equality, and fraternity. It aimed to overthrow the absolute monarchy and establish a more democratic government.

  3. The Reign of Terror, which lasted from 1793 to 1794, was a period of intense violence and political repression during the French Revolution. It resulted in the execution of thousands of people, including King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette.

  4. The French Revolution introduced the metric system, which is still widely used today. It was implemented to standardize measurements and facilitate trade and communication.

  5. During the revolution, the French calendar was also changed. The Gregorian calendar was replaced with the French Republican Calendar, which had a ten-day week and new names for the months.

  6. The French Revolution had a profound impact on the arts and culture. It gave rise to revolutionary ideals in literature, music, and visual arts, with artists and writers expressing their support or criticism of the revolution through their works.

  7. Napoleon Bonaparte, a military general who rose to power during the revolution, eventually became the Emperor of France. His rule marked the end of the revolution and the beginning of the Napoleonic era.

  8. The French Revolution inspired similar movements in other countries, spreading the ideals of liberty, equality, and nationalism throughout Europe and beyond.

  9. Women played a significant role in the French Revolution. They actively participated in political clubs, marched on Versailles to demand bread, and advocated for their rights through pamphlets and petitions.

  10. The French Revolution had a long-lasting impact on the political landscape of Europe. It led to the rise of nationalism, the spread of revolutionary ideas, and the eventual downfall of monarchies in various countries.

Benefits of Referring to Vedantu's History Class 9 Chapter 1 notes PDF

Here are some benefits of referring to Vedantu's Class 9 French Revolution notes:

  • History Class 9 chapter 1 notes PDF are designed to summarize key points from the chapter, helping you grasp the main ideas of the French Revolution efficiently.

  • The French Revolution class 9 short notes provided by Vedantu are likely created by subject expert teachers familiar with the curriculum and student needs. 

  • The history class 9 chapter 1 notes PDF highlights the important concepts and exam-relevant information.

  • The French Revolution class 9 notes follow the structure of the chapter, making it easier to revise and link concepts together.

  • Vedantu's class 9 history chapter 1 notes includes additional explanations or examples that go beyond the textbook, providing a deeper understanding.

  • The French Revolution class 9 short notes are likely tailored to the specific CBSE curriculum, ensuring they cover the required topics for exams.

Vedantu's class Class 9 history chapter 1 notes are a valuable supplement to your textbook, helping you learn effectively and prepare well for tests on the French Revolution.

Download CBSE Class 9 History Notes 2023-24 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 9 Chapter wise History notes PDF from the table below:


The CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 notes - The French Revolution, available as a free PDF download, offer a comprehensive and insightful exploration of one of the most significant events in world history. This chapter delves into the causes, key events, and consequences of the French Revolution, providing a deeper understanding of its impact on society, politics, and human rights.

The French Revolution class 9 notes begin by introducing the historical context that led to the outbreak of the French Revolution. They cover the social, economic, and political factors that contributed to the discontent among the French population and the call for change.

Moreover, the French Revolution Class 9 Notes CBSE History Chapter 1 provide an in-depth analysis of the major phases and events of the revolution, including the storming of the Bastille, the rise of the Jacobins, the Reign of Terror, and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. Through these events, students gain insights into the power struggles, ideologies, and conflicts that shaped the course of the revolution.

FAQs on CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 Notes - The French Revolution

1. What is the French Revolution according to Chapter 1 of Class 9 History?

The French Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1789, took place in France and did not end until 1799. It was an overthrow of the French monarchy by the population due to the political, economical, and social inequalities creating differences. One important event that took place as a part of the French Revolution is the Razing of the Bastille. An important law that was brought into practice as the revolution took place was the abolition of censorship. 

2. What were the main causes of the French Revolution according to Chapter 1 of Class 9 History notes?

According to the Class 9 History Chapter 1 notes, the following were the main causes that lead to the evoking of the French Revolution:

  • War against Britain to help America achieve independence

  • Privileges provided based on birth

  • The concentration of power among the privileged citizens

  • Subsistence crisis due to the rising population

  • Growing middle-class population taking a stand for themselves.

Students can find detailed explanations for these causes in the CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 1 Notes - The French Revolution part-1.

3. Where can I find Class 9 History Chapter 1-French Revolution notes?

Notes provided by subject experts at Vedantu are just the right source for you if you are looking for revision notes that are well-explained, accurate, and thorough with each detail from the chapter. Students can access and download the revision notes for Class 9 History Chapter 1 - French Revolution in PDF form free of cost. The notes are available on Vedantu’s website and mobile app. These notes are also available in the Hindi medium.

4. What are the topics covered in Class 9 History Chapter 1 notes?

The Class 9 History Chapter 1 Revision Notes have been designed to cover each topic that is provided in the NCERT. 

The following is a list of thoroughly explained topics that are a part of Chapter 1:

  • Pre-revolution period

  • The initial events

  • The Tennis Court Oath

  • The Razing of the Bastille

  • The Entry of Jacobins

  • The Rise of Jacobins

  • The Rise of the Middle Class

  • The End of the French Revolution

5. Explain the three estates as discussed in Class 9 History Chapter 1.

As explained in Class 9 History Chapter 1 revision notes, the French society had been divided into three estates. The first estate was made up of the clergy, the second of the nobility, and the third consisted of everyone else i.e. the common population. The first two estates were considered as privileged as they barely paid any taxes and yet owned most of the land. While the third estate had to provide services to the first two estates and pay a variety of taxes as well.

6. Why were women disappointed with the French Revolution?

The new French Constitution considered women as passive citizens and there were no rights for the women. The political clubs of the females were also banned. So, they were disappointed with the Revolution.

7. Can you list some of the democratic rights that we enjoy today that have their origins rooted in the French Revolution?

Here are the democratic rights that have their origin in the French Revolution:

  • Election of leaders and representatives

  • Equality before law

  • Right to Freedom

  • Right to Personal Liberty

8. How was the message of the Universal Rights contradictory in nature?

The Declaration of Rights announced that all men were equal in the eyes of law. But the right to vote was granted only to those men who could pay taxes equal to three days’ wages. The women and non-tax-paying men were deemed, passive citizens. Thus, a large number of citizens became passive and could not vote making the Universal rights contradictory. So, in a way, the Universal Rights were not universal in nature.

9. What was the contribution of the French Philosophers to the French Revolution?

The French philosophers had little to do with the French Revolution. They are remembered today only for their ideas which planted the seeds of revolution into the mind of the people.