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Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes CBSE Geography Chapter 6 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes Geography Chapter 6 - PDF Download

Class 6 Chapter 6 - "Major Landforms of the Earth." Embark on an exciting exploration of Earth's diverse landscapes, discovering towering mountains, expansive plateaus, vast plains, and winding valleys. This chapter unveils the secrets of these major landforms, offering a captivating journey into the fascinating topography of our planet. CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 notes are carefully prepared by expert teachers who have years of experience in teaching Social Science. These Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 notes are easy to understand, comprehensive, and good study material to refer to before the board exams. Students can download notes of Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 in free PDF format to study offline as well.

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Access Class 6 Social Science - GeographyChapter 6 - Major Landforms Of The Earth Notes

  • The earth’s surface is different everywhere. In some places, it is either even or uneven or elevated or plain at other places. These topographical differences we see exist n the form of mountains, plateaus, plains and are together referred as landforms. 

  • These different land features are formed by natural forces which play a major role in shaping the earth’s surface. For example, when the two plates move towards each other at convergent plate boundaries then because of the compression, the rocks and the land surfaces of the two plates gets folded and form fold-mountains.

  • When the upper layer of the surface is eroded by natural agents like wind, running water, it is said to be erosion. Whereas when the eroded materials are deposited elsewhere, creating a landform, it is referred as deposition.

  • Major Landforms:

There are mainly three types of landforms on the Earth’s surface:- mountains, plateaus and plains.

1. Mountains: 

The naturally elevated having conical-shape ( with a peak and a broad base) landforms are said to be mountains. The mountains are generally above 1000 metres from sea- level. Because of the high average altitude of the mountains, the temperature is low.

Mountains are further classified into three major types based on their formation:

Fold mountains: Mountains that are formed by the folding of rock strata because of the compression are said to fold mountains. For example, The Urals in Russia, the Appalachians in North America and the Aravalli range in India. Their ranges have been decreased down due to erosion occuring over a long period.

Block Mountain: When the rock strata of a place is broken, it causes the formation of a fault. According to this, the mass of land now rises between two parallel faults, known as the horst and the block which is thrown down between two fault blocks is said to be graben or rift valley. For example, The Black Forest and the Vosges of the Rhineland.  Between the Black Forest and the Vosges Rifts, The rift valley of River Rhine lies.

Volcanic Mountain: Mountains that are formed due to the repeated accumulation of volcanic materials, like lava, magma, volcanic ash, and dust around the vent, are known as the volcanic mountains. Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa, Mount Fujiyama in Japan are all volcanic mountains. 

Most of the rivers originate from the mountains. Since the mountains are the most elevated landforms on the Earth’s surface, in several areas the rivers are permanently frozen, they are known as glaciers. Some mountains are even located under the sea. Sometimes the mountains, especially the fold mountain have parallel ranges and when these are situated in a line, they are known as ranges.

  • Importance of mountains:

Glaciers in the mountains from which many rivers originate. They have perennial flow. This river's water can be used in the cultivation of crops, generation of hydroelectricity in dams etc.

Dense forests are found in mountain regions that supply softwood, hardwood for furniture, some medicinal herbs and provide shelter to the animals and birds.

The mountains provide a beautiful scenic beauty, snow-covered elevated landforms that leads to the growth of the tourism industry.

2. Plateaus: 

It is an expanded upland area. It has a flat top which looks just like tables standing above the surroundings. hence, it is also referred as Tablelands having steep sides. They lie above 300 metres from the sea level. Plateaus can be of different heights. The Tibetan Plateau which is the highest plateau in the world at the same time is an example. It is also known as ‘roof of the world’. Some of the other examples are The Deccan plateau, the Chota Nagpur plateau.

  • The importance of the plateaus:

a. Plateaus have abundant mineral resources. Due to this mining is one of the main occupations of the people of this region. The Chota Nagpur plateau in India has an abundance of iron, coal and manganese. The African plateau has gold and diamond.

b. As the rivers cominf from mountains fall here from a great height, it forms waterfalls which attract the tourists.

c. The plateaus formed by lava are rich in black soil and most suitable for cotton cultivation.

3. Plains: 

Plains are the region of lowland areas that are less than 200 m above the sea level. They are formed by the denudation and depositional by the rivers, winds, etc. The great plains of the river Ganga, the Indus, the Brahmaputra are some of its examples.

  • The importance of the plains: 

        Plains are suitable for human settlements.

a. Since the river flowing down the mountains, carry the eroded materials and deposit them on the plains. Due to this reason the plains are rich in fertile silt that is suitable for agriculture.

b. The flatlands are appropriate for the construction of roads and railways.

c. Construction of buildings for settlement purposes becomes easy on plain lands.

Chapter Summary - Major Landforms of the Earth 

In Class 6 Chapter 6 - "Major Landforms of the Earth," journey through the captivating terrains that shape our world. From the towering heights of mountains to the vast expanses of plains, this chapter unveils the secrets of major landforms. Dive into the characteristics and formation processes of mountains, plateaus, plains, and valleys. Discover the significance of each landform, gaining a comprehensive understanding of Earth's diverse topography. Engaging explanations simplify complex ideas, ensuring an enjoyable exploration of major landforms. This chapter not only enhances academic knowledge but also fosters a profound appreciation for the natural wonders that shape our planet.

Easy Tips to Remember the Topics of Major Landforms of the Earth

Embarking on the study of "Major Landforms of the Earth" in Class 6 Chapter 6 is an exciting journey. To make this exploration even more enjoyable, here are ten easy tips to help you remember the topics effortlessly and grasp the chapter fast.

1. Visual Aids: Create simple drawings or diagrams of each major landform to visualize and remember their characteristics.

2. Mnemonic Devices: Develop fun mnemonics or rhymes to remember key features, making the learning process more memorable.

3. Flashcards: Use flashcards with the name of a landform on one side and its characteristics on the other for quick and interactive learning.

4. Storytelling: Turn the information into a story. Narrating the tales of mountains, plateaus, plains, and valleys aids in remembering their details.

5. Group Study: Collaborate with classmates for discussions. Sharing and discussing information enhances understanding.

6. Use Analogies: Relate major landforms to familiar objects or places to create mental connections and aid memory.

7. Interactive Games: Create simple games or quizzes to reinforce your knowledge. Learning through play is effective and enjoyable.

8. Associations: Form associations between the characteristics of each landform and their real-world significance.

9. Regular Revision: Consistent revisiting of the topics reinforces memory. Schedule short, frequent revision sessions for better retention.

10. Summarize Aloud: Explain the major landforms and their characteristics aloud in your own words. Verbalizing information reinforces understanding and retention.

What are the Benefits of Referring to Vedantu’s Revision Notes for Class 6 Chapter 6 - Major Landforms of the Earth

Navigating the landscapes of "Major Landforms of the Earth" in Class 6 Chapter 6 becomes seamless with Vedantu's Revision Notes. Tailored for simplicity and quick understanding, these notes serve as a valuable tool, providing a host of benefits to enhance your learning experience.

1. Quick Concept Summaries: Easily grasp the essence of major landforms through concise and clear summaries, making learning enjoyable and efficient.

2. Simplified Complex Topics: Vedantu simplifies the intricacies of landform characteristics, ensuring a seamless understanding of complex concepts.

3. Efficient Last-Minute Prep: Ideal for last-minute preparations, Vedantu's notes offer a reliable companion for efficient revision before exams.

4. Enhanced Retention: By presenting crucial information in an accessible manner, Vedantu's notes enhance your ability to retain key details about major landforms.

5. Support for Exam Prep: Prepare for exams confidently with key points and tips that streamline your focus on essential topics and boost your overall exam readiness.

6. Time-Saving Consolidation: Save valuable study time by accessing consolidated information that highlights the core themes of major landforms, facilitating a more focused study session.

7. Prioritized Topics and Questions: Vedantu’s Revision Notes prioritize important topics and questions, ensuring you invest your time in areas crucial for exam success.

8. Real-world Connections: Dive into practical examples that connect the chapter's content to real-world scenarios, deepening your understanding of the significance of major landforms.

9. Boosted Confidence: Gain confidence for exams as Vedantu's Revision Notes equip you with a comprehensive understanding, empowering you to tackle questions with ease and assurance.


Explore Class 6 Chapter 6 - "Major Landforms of the Earth" with Vedantu's helpful NCERT notes. These notes are carefully designed to make learning easy for you. They break down the key information about mountains, plateaus, plains, and valleys into simple sections. Understand the characteristics, formation processes, and significance of these landforms in a way that's easy to grasp. This chapter is crucial for understanding the diverse topography of the Earth. Using these notes will not only boost your exam preparation but also deepen your understanding of the subject, making your learning experience efficient and enjoyable.

FAQs on Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Notes CBSE Geography Chapter 6 (Free PDF Download)

1. Explain how mountains are useful to a man according to Chapter 6 of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography.

Mountains have a lot of benefits that are quite crucial to man in a variety of ways. For example, mountains retain water. Water that comes from the mountains has a lot of uses. They are used for agriculture and hydroelectric power generation. The mountains also support a lot of popular activities such as paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting, and skiing. Mountains are home to a diverse range of vegetation and wildlife. Tourists may enjoy an ideal setting in the mountains. These are just a few of the many benefits that we get from these mountains. For more detailed information, you can visit Vedantu website or app for solutions of Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography. 

2. What are the major insights of using the NCERT Solutions for Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography?

The following are the main takeaways from utilizing the NCERT Solutions for Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography:

  • The solutions include all of the important ideas to help students get a thorough grasp and knowledge of the subject.

  • Subject matter experts have handpicked the solutions to provide students with a simple and useful study guide.

  • It is a fantastic time-saver for students looking for the correct solutions to textbook questions and an outstanding review resource.

  • Students can download the solutions from Vedantu in PDF format for free.

3. Which are the major landforms of Earth according to Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography?

There are four primary types of landforms, and they are mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains. Some primary examples of minor landforms are the buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. As tectonic plates move under the Earth, they can push mountains and hills upwards, creating landforms. Any natural elevation that exists on the surface of the earth can be termed a mountain. Three types of mountains exist; Fold Mountains, Block Mountains, and Volcanic Mountains. As the name implies, a plateau is a flat-topped tableland that rises above its surroundings. For thorough study material, you can visit Vedantu for Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography. 

4. What do you mean by plains according to Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography?

A plain landform is a large expanse of flat, sweeping terrain with little variation in height. Within a common region, it is quite level and does not fluctuate greatly in height. This sort of landform is lower than the surrounding landmass and may be found both inland and along the shore. Many different types of plains exist, including coastal plains, valley bottoms, and uplands. They are one of the four major forms of landform that cover up the earth.

5. How can I download the solutions for Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography?

The solutions are easily available on the Vedantu site. 

  • Visit the page-NCERT Solutions for Chapter 6 of Class 6 Geography.

  • The webpage with Vedantu’s solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 will open.

  • To download this, click on the Download PDF button and you can view the solutions offline. 

If you need more assistance with this or any other chapter, you can always go to the Vedantu website and interact with different professors that can help you comprehend the chapters in a simple manner.