Reproductive health is a part of sexual and reproductive health and rights that helps in addressing the well being of a person in relation to reproductive processes, functions and systems at all stages of life. WHO defines health as a collective state of complete well-being, including reproductive health in addition to others like physical, mental and social well-being. This gives us the reproductive health definition.
Why is Reproductive Health Necessary? Reproductive health is important for psychological well-being in addition to its physical necessities. It is very important for safe sexual reproduction that can be defined as the natural way of producing the young ones, where two parental organisms are involved in a course of events. Organisms that undergo sexual reproduction include humans, birds, reptiles, animals, insects as well as plants.
Reproductive health ensures that people can have a satisfying and safe sex life, they are capable of reproducing and have freedom to take decision regarding when and how often to perform it. Male reproductive health as well as female reproductive health are important aspects of the overall reproductive system as both are equally important to create a new organism.
The importance of reproductive health is for a healthy state of physical and mental conditions in a human body where a proper functioning of reproductive organs takes place. All phases of reproduction can take place safely when reproductive health is well taken care of. And it ultimately results in the formation of new offspring or a whole new organism.
It aids in making the youth understand about sexual health.
It helps in creating awareness among the crowd that fall under the category of adolescence as this is the phase when hormonal changes in the body takes place leading to development of reproductive interest.
It helps in prevention of sexually transmitted infections such as AIDS or HIV.
It keeps the mother and the child away from infectious diseases and helps in delivering a healthy baby.
A complete knowledge regarding the early pregnancy, problems like infertility or problems to conceive, male sexual problems, birth control methods, pregnancy and post-childbirth care of the mother and baby can be achieved and taken care of.
Adolescents can follow safe sexual practices and not get involved in wrong methods and illegal practices.
One of the most fragile systems in the human body is the reproductive system. A safe, controlled and nurtured approach towards it will take care of our overall health for a longer time.
Men reproductive system includes penis, testes, scrotum, epididymis, prostate, vas deferens, and seminal vesicles. A clean and hygienic personality should be maintained for a healthy male reproductive system. Also, safe sex methods should be adopted. This avoids sexually transmitted infections or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like itchy genitals or anus. Blisters and sores can also be formed around the genitals or anus as symptoms of STIs or sexually transmitted diseases. Also, a regular health check up should be followed regularly in case of any problem suspected or even normally as a part of the whole body check up once in a year.
Reproductive system of females consists of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. All of these organs play important roles in the production and transportation of gametes and also production of sex hormones. There are different life stages associated with sexual lives and reproductive health issues that include fertility, menstruation, contraception, sexually transmissible infections, menopause and chronic health problems like PCOS or PCOD. Taking care of reproductive systems in the female body requires attention to one’s health and regular checkups. Early diagnosis and preventive measures and care can transform conditions and help in early recovery and healing. A variety of problems associated with female reproductive health are uterine fibroids, HIV/AIDS, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, STDs, gynecologic cancer and endometriosis.
Eating a balanced diet with fiber-rich and low in fat foods.
Drinking plenty of water as water helps in flushing out the body toxins.
Getting regular exercise will help all the reproductive cells function well.
Maintaining a healthy weight to not put a stress on reproductive organs.
Getting enough sleep to ensure a healthy body and mind that contributes to the well being of the reproductive system.
Avoiding tobacco, alcohol or other drugs is equally important.
Managing stress in a healthy manner with various activities like meditation and yoga.
Regular consultation with healthcare providers to discuss one’s issues and get a proper diagnosis and treatment on time.
Counseling and Education to children on sexuality and sexual health at the right age.
Adolescent and Youth health care.
Prevention of sexual violence against women and children.
Treatment of infertility and sexual dysfunction.
1. Why is Reproductive Health Necessary for Men and Women?
Reproductive health is equally important similar to that of physical and mental health as all are related in keeping a healthy body and mind. Reproduction is the process where a man and a woman are involved to bring out a new life on the Earth and for this a healthy reproductive system plays an utmost role. Following safe sex methods, hygiene conditions and gaining knowledge about safe practices is must for people of all ages.
2. What Are the Important Factors That Contribute to Healthy Reproductive Systems?
The major factors that contribute to healthy reproductive systems include safe sex practices, hygienic conditions, timely check ups, exercising regularly, eating balanced bood, less consumption of alcohol, intake of plenty of water, stress management, and many more. All of these factors contribute towards well reproductive functioning and overall health.