Stereoscopic Vision in Humans and Animals

Stereoscopic Vision Meaning: Viewing In Three-Dimensions

Stereoscopic vision or stereopsis vision refers to the ability of human eyes to see the surroundings through a three-dimensional view with two eyes. The eyes are required to be intact and synchronized in their movements to be able to view the same object differently. This movement enables humans to interpret distance and hence evolve their ability to have a real sense of their perception of depth. Each eye in humans and animals sees images slightly differently, which is known as retinal disparity. Thus, enabling the brain to process images without any physical movement. It is brought about by complementing matches of different images obtained and then calculating the difference, i.e., the retinal disparity of the two images. The disparity hence obtained varies by a tiny margin, but the final outcome is the most accurate version of the image that is attainable of the ambient depth perception.

Stereoscopic Vision In Humans

A human can see everything in light because of eyes. Eyes of humans capture the different images, and it will send not a single image but two versions of the image to the brain so that the brain can process the image properly. Synchronization between eyes and brain create the exact image, frontal vision after processing versions of images sent by the eyes. Here, synchronization is essential to get the proper image. Also, in synchronization, frontal images, primates, foveas, and felines are processed.

As you know that we, humans have two eyes that are located on our face with 2 inches distance. So, two images are formed whenever we see any image. Both the images are sent to our brain. Retina's disparity creates an overall image by combining both the images captured by eyes and it also provides the information of distance of objects. Brain saves the time to process the image by storing this spatial information sent by eyes. The brain will reuse the stored information further. Well, eyes give precise information with all the details to the brain, and this information is called stereoscopic.

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Stereoscopic Vision In Animals

Animals and humans have different organs, and their system works differently also. Their stereopsis vision is also different.  Animals capture the images through two different spatial loci simultaneously. After catching different images, the depth information's interpretation is sent to the brain. Also, animals have different view angles such as aerial animals like birds have 360-degree vision. While some animals have forward face eyes that are on the front position of the head, some animals have forward-facing eyes; they have benefits of such vision. They can capture two different object's images at a time. They can fix their one eye on an object, and at the same time, they can move their second eye on another object. Chameleons also have such a type of vision.

Advantages of Stereoscopic Vision

Stereo vision or stereoscopic vision, probably developed as a means of survival. Distance between our body and the object can be determined by the high precision when the object move far from us or move towards us. Without head movement, you can see the surroundings nearby the object. 

Occupations That Depend On Stereo Vision

  • Waitress

  • Surgeon

  • Dentist

  • Baseball Player

  • Architect

  • Driver

How Is Stereoscopic Vision Beneficial?

  • Catching, Throwing, or hitting the ball.

  • Pouring some liquids into the container properly.

  • Stereoscopic vision helps individuals manage and supervise small gadgets manually.

  • Provides depth perception

  • You are stepping on and off a ladder or curb.

  • Threading sewing and a needle.

  • Building and planning three-dimensional objects and images.

  • Enables animals to traverse through dense forests

  • Provides an ability to assess threats and react quickly

  • Used in industries where a high degree of accuracy is essential (medicine, research, aviation)

  • It creates a depth of field where an object is dominant, and the ambiance is not sharp.

  • Enables selective vision

Other Methods

You may have a question in your mind if all the animals have a stereoscopic vision or not. Animals do not use the stereo vision always. Focal length can also judge the distance of the object. Eyes are appropriately focused on getting the judgment of distance through the focal length.

Stereograms- Object's stereogram image is created by a computer. It is a three-dimensional view, and all the 3-d images are created through their 2-d view or image. Well, stereograms can use 2-d  taken by different methods as follows.

Cross-Eye Viewing– The viewer focuses his eyes in front of the image and requires to cross his eyes to view.

Parallel Viewing– Viewer made to view parallelly, where eyes focus on somewhere behind the eye by taking a relative parallel angle.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Stereoscopic Vision is Good for?

Answer: Stereo vision, a resource-intensive process is beneficial for vision in many fields. Like in the forest, we can consider the distance of any animal by their size, depth of the image and their moment. Binoculars work on the principle involving stereoscopic. It also helps artists to make 3d images and paintings. Entertainers use the stereoscopic vision for 3d videos and 3d images. Also, in biology, 3d views of body organs and other animals helps to study biology in-depth.

2. Why are Certain People Unable to See the Stereograms?

Answer: The basic principle behind a stereogram depends on the capacity for a body to merge multiple objects in one. Many factors could inhibit a person's ability to see the object hidden beneath the first surface. This concept is called eye dominance. Sometimes the brain will close one eye, and rely on the dominant eye if the object to be viewed doesn't focus. Many people need corrected vision that doesn't realize it because of the human ability to adapt.