Scientific Name of Snake

All About Snakes

Snakes are elongated carnivorous and limbless reptiles that belong to the suborder of Serpentes. There are more than 3,500 species of reptiles that have been classified based on their limbless condition and considerably elongated body and tail. Snakes are represented with the lizards and are in the order of Squamata and over the course of evolution, snakes have undergone a structural reduction and loss of limbs. Like all the Squamata, snakes are also heterothermic or cold-blooded, amniote vertebrates whose whole body is covered with overlapping scales. All snakes lack external limbs and few people confuse that all the legless reptiles are snakes. Well, that’s not true, certain lizards are also legless but they do not come under the classification of snakes. 

Most of the species of snakes have skulls with several more joints when compared to other reptiles. This allows the snakes to easily swallow preys that are twice their size as the snakes also have highly movable jaws. Snakes also have movable eyelids which allow them to focus or stare at their prey with full concentration. Snakes have paired organs in their bodies that allow them to fit all the organs in their narrow body. Kidneys appear in front of another and also few species have snakes that have only one lung or it is greatly reduced in size.  Snakes also don’t have any ear openings and internally they also don’t have any urinary bladder. One unique feature of snakes is that they possess increased numbers of vertebrae and have developed two new qualities among vertebrates which are the presence of a tracheal lung in the neck region and a venom conducting system for the prey.

Most species of snakes are non venomous but the ones which are venomous use it to kill the prey. The venom possessed by the snakes is enough to kill giant animals and the nonvenomous snakes either swallow their prey alive or kill it by twisting their bodies. 

There are many theories on how snakes evolved but one theory suggests that the snakes might have evolved from the lizards in the middle Jurassic Epoc which is about 174.1 million to 163.5 million years ago.

Snakes are found in every continent except Antarctica and other smaller islands and few larger islands such as Ireland, Green land, and Iceland. They are also not found on the small islands of the Atlantic and the central Pacific oceans. twenty families of snakes have been currently recognized which comprises about 520 genera and about 3900 species. 

Snakes can range in size and they can be as tiny as the Barbados thread snake which is only 10 cm long and it can be also as big as a python which is about 7 meters in length. 

The Scientific Name of Snake

Snakes belong to the kingdom of Animalia and are carnivorous reptiles that belong to the suborder of Serpentes. There are almost 520 genera and 3600 species of snakes identified all across the world. Except for Antarctica, small islands, and few large islands such as the islands of New Zealand, Ireland, and Iceland, snakes are found everywhere in the world. Snakes come in various sizes, they could be as small as the Barbados thread snake which is only 10 centimeters in length and it can also be as large as the Python which comes close to 22 feet in length. Green Anaconda(Eunectes murinus), is also one of the largest snakes which is 17 feet in length and weighs up to 70 kgs. The record for the longest and longest snakes goes to an extinct snake by the name Titanoboa (Titanoboa cerrejonensis) which was 42 feet in length and weighed almost 1500 kilograms. Titanoboa lived 67 million years ago and became extinct after 10 million years. The reason for its extinction are unknown but few believe that it got extinct because it was unable to adapt to the changing condition of the earth 

Although there are 3600 different species of snakes all around the world. Below are scientific and the common names of few well-known species are given. 

Non-Venomous Snakes

  • Indian python or the Rock python- Python molurus

  • Red Sand Boa or the John’s Snad Boa - Eryx johnii

  • Common watersnake- Nerodia sipedon 

  • Burnese python-Python bivittatus 

  • Common worm or the blind snake- Ramphotyphlops 

  • Rat snakes- Ptyas 

  • Green whip snake -Dryophis 

  • Tree snake-Dendrelaphis 

  • Common pond or the grass snake 

  • Common pond or the grass snake-Tropidonotus 

  • vine snake- Ahaetulla nasuta

Venomous Snakes 

  • Indian cobra-Naja Naja 

  • King Cobra – Ophiophagus hannah

  • Banded Krait – Bungarus caeruleus

  • Russell’s Viper – Daboia russelii

  • the saw-scaled pit-less viper-Echis carinata

  • African black mamba-Dendroaspis polylepis

  • Coral snake - Callophis

  • The rattlesnake of North America-Crotalus

  • Coastal Taipan-Oxyuranus scutellatus scutellatus

  • Inland Taipan-Oxyuranus microlepidotus

  • Common Death Adder-Acanthophis antarcticus

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q1- What Is the Scientific Name of Snake?

Ans- Snakes also called the serpents are the elongated limbless carnivorous reptiles whose scientific name or the binomial name is the Serpentes.

Q2- List Out Some of the Interesting Facts About the Snakes? 

Ans-  Snakes are very interesting reptiles. It is important that everyone should know few interesting facts about snakes. 

  • Snakes are cold-blooded, limbless reptiles and vertebrates and they lay eggs and are known to have scaly skin throughout their body. 

  • Most of the snakes shed their skin when they outgrow their current size. 

  • Snakes have the biggest family in reptiles. There are around 3,789 species of snakes all over the world making them the second-largest group of reptiles after the lizards. They have around 30 main families and numerous subfamilies.

  • Snakes are found everywhere except Antarctica, all small islands, and few large islands such as Ireland, Iceland, and New Zealand.

  • We all know that reptiles lay eggs and snakes been reptile is often considered that all the snakes lay eggs. Well, not all snakes lay eggs as only 70 percent of the snakes lay eggs while the rest 30 don’t. This is due to the fact that snakes live in a cold climate and laying eggs in a cold climate would not guarantee the survival of the eggs. 

  • Another unique feature of the snakes is the absence of eyelids. They don’t have to blink and have to sleep with their eyes open. Instead of eyelids, a thin membrane called a brille is attached to their eyes to protect them. 

  • Snakes have five forms of locomotion. It is to adapt to the changes in the environment.

  • Snakes do not have nostrils to smell as a result that they have evolved to smell through their tongues.

Students Also Read