1. Define Meristematic Tissue?
A plant tissue that has the power to divide itself actively throughout its life is called a Meristematic Tissue.
2. Who discovered Meristematic Tissue?
The term meristem was coined by Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli.
3. What are the characteristics of Meristematic Tissue?
The characteristics of meristematic tissue are the following -
The cells of these tissues are known as Meristems
It has the quality of self-renewal as every time the cell divides, one cell remains just like the parent cell and the others form specialized structures.
They have very small and few vacuoles.
The meristematic tissues are living and thin-walled.
The protoplasm of the cells is very dense.
The meristematic tissues heal the injuries of an injured plant.
These cells do not store food.
They exhibit a very high metabolic activity.
They possess a single, large and prominent nucleus.
4. What are the two types of Meristematic Tissue?
The meristematic tissue is of two types -
On the basis of their position
On the basis of their function
5. What is an Intercalary Meristem?
An intercalary meristem is located within the leaves and internodes at the intercalary position. These help to increase the length of the internode. It is in a neighbourhood with the grass, monocots and pines. It is a part of apical meristem and adds to the peak of the plant.