1. What are Lysosomes?
Lysosomes are sphere-shaped sacs which when combined with hydrolytic enzymes that have the potential to churn down many kinds of biomolecules.
2. Where are Lysosomal Enzymes made?
Lysosomes comprise over 50 different enzymes. They are synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Once synthesized, the enzymes are brought in from the Golgi body in tiny vesicles or sacs, which then merges with bigger acidic vesicles.
3. Who coined the term Suicide Bags for Lysosomes?
The term was coined by Christian de Duve, a Belgian biologist, who discovered it and ultimately got a Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in the year 1974.
4. What is the role of Lysosomes in plants?
In plants, the role of lysosomes is undertaken by the vacuoles as traditional cell biology dictates. However, recent discoveries point out that the function of vacuoles is quite similar to the functions of a lysosome in animal cells.
5. Why are lysosomes known as Suicidal Bags?
As stated before, lysosomes work because the waste discarding structures of the cell by processing undesirable materials and degrading them, both from the outside of the cell and waste constituents inside the cell. But sometimes, the digestive enzymes may find yourself damaging the lysosomes themselves, and this will cause the cell to die. This is termed as autolysis, where “auto” means “self” and “lysis” means “the disintegration of the cell by the destruction of its cell membrane“.Hence, lysosomes are mentioned as “Suicidal Bags” of the cell.