Hypertension Symptoms

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is also commonly called high blood pressure i.e. above 140/90 and it is severe above 180/120. Hypertension symptoms are not known as such but a person should be carefully observed for the underlying problems or signs as it is a serious, long-term or chronic health problem that may occur due to other illnesses. Therefore, it is important to keep track of the warning signs of hypertension as prevention is better than cure. It is a primary risk factor for various cardiovascular diseases including stroke, heart failure, heart attack and aneurysm. It is thus important to keep blood pressure under control and preserve a healthy body by preventing occurrence of other lifestyle diseases too. It is related to the pressure or the force exerted by the blood against the blood vessels’ walls. It is very common to occur in today’s lifestyle and affects over one billion people worldwide.The two kinds of hypertension are known, namely-


  1. Primary Hypertension: It is also known as essential hypertension and it is the high blood pressure that doesn't occur through a known secondary cause. 


  1. Secondary Hypertension: It is the high blood pressure caused due to another medical condition and it can affect our kidneys, heart, arteries or endocrine system. Some of the medications or illegal drugs can also cause secondary hypertension.


 Symptoms of Hypertension

Generally, there are no symptoms or signs specific to hypertension. However, one can observe headaches, shortness of breath, bleeding of nose and uneasiness in people starting with hypertension. Until hypertension reaches its severity, symptoms do not occur intensely.

It is best to prevent hypertension and related problems by keeping an eye on your blood pressure. If you are 40 or older, it is necessary to track your blood pressure readings twice or thrice a month or more if you feel uneasiness about your health. Even young people are vulnerable towards it because of today’s lifestyle and lack of exercise, so they are also advised to have knowledge about hypertension, keep track of their BP and take all measures to keep oneself healthy. Besides manual BP machines, Digital BP machines are also easily available in the market, people can even buy and keep it at home for convenient tracking. Please do not neglect the following symptoms that can be due to development of hypertension in a person:

  • Dizziness

  • Bleeding Nose

  • Chest Pain

  • Heart attack

  • Headaches

  • Visual Changes

  • Shortness of Breath

  • Flushing or Blushing

  • Narrowing of blood vessels

  • Formation of plagues in the blood vessels


Causes of Hypertension

Causes for Hypertension include various factors including obesity, hereditary (family history) and other lifestyle factors. It is manageable through proactive and consistent steps such as inculcating the habit of regular physical exercise, meditation and various stress reducing techniques, medications, preventing excess salt and junk food, etc. 


Various Factors Contributing to Cause Hypertension Include:

  • Diabetes

  • Pregnancy

  • Cushing syndrome

  • Hyperthyroidism

  • Kidney problems

  • Obesity

  • Adrenal hyperplasia


Prevention of Hypertension

In today’s era, it is important to keep oneself healthy and prevent chronic conditions such as hypertension. By taking certain steps, one can prevent hypertension from occurring and even manage it if it already exists. Following are some of the must do activities in day to day life:

  • Reducing salt intake in diet

  • No consumption of alcohol

  • Consumption of plenty of fruits and vegetables

  • Avoiding calorie-rich or junk food

  • Walking for 30-40 minutes daily 

  • Alternative regular physical exercise program 

  • Meditation or other stress buster activities

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Cure for Hypertension?

Hypertension is manageable through proactive steps like including physical exercise routine, healthy diet, reduced salt intake, medications, stress reduction techniques, etc. A few treatments and medications are available to cure, control or reduce the level of blood pressure. It is vital to combine a healthy diet, regular physical activity and a healthy weight in your lifestyle. All of these prevent hypertension and control the factors contributing to it. There are major complications of hypertension and if it is left untreated, may result in heart diseases, loss of visions, fluid buildup in the lungs, damage to the kidney and other organs failure.

2. What are the Common Factors that Result in Hypertension or High Blood Pressure?

The common factors that can lead to hypertension or high blood pressure are diet high in salt/fat/cholesterol, chronic conditions such as kidney/hormone problems, diabetes, and high cholesterol. It is also hereditary i.e. it runs in family history, if our parents or other close relatives have high blood pressure, it has more chances for us in getting it. 

Some of the other risk factors for hypertension or high blood pressure include age over 65, obese body, no physical activeness, usage of tobacco, too much salt (sodium) or too little potassium in diet, overconsumption of alcohol/drugs, stress, pregnancy, sleep apnea, etc.