Heart Diseases

Heart disorders describe conditions resulting from the narrowing of blood vessels and blockage that leads to cardiac arrest, stroke, etc. Moreover, it leads to a sharp and shooting pain in the heart and affects its functioning in the long run.

Heart disease is also commonly known as cardiovascular disease. The study of heart diseases is called as cardiology.

Different Types of Heart Disease

Various types of heart disorders occur in humans due to today’s fast-paced lifestyle. Some of these are:

  • Arrhythmia: It is a problem that results in irregular heart rhythms, such as tachycardia (where a heart beats faster than usual), fibrillation (non-uniform beats), and abnormal rhythms, etc. It occurs when electrical impulse present in the heart does not operate properly.

  • Congenital disorder: It is common among other heart related problems that result due to deformities during birth. Some examples are septal flaws (presence of a hole in heart chambers), cyanotic disorder (problem due to shortage of oxygen supply), and obstruction problems or blockage.

  • Rheumatic disease: The disorder results because of inflammatory disease or rheumatic fever in the body. It is a situation in which the heart valves get damaged permanently. It affects various tissues present in the joints, skin, and brain, etc.

  • Mitral incompetence: Among various heart diseases list, this disorder occurs when the mitral valve fails to close tightly. It does not allow the blood to flow through the heart vessels accurately and hampers its functioning. People having this sort of disorder often feel short of breath and tiredness.

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: It is a genetic problem of having thick walls of left ventricles. Therefore, it becomes tough for the blood to be pumped from the heart. There are high chances of this disorder getting transferred to the next generation.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the causes of heart diseases and prevention measures?

Ans. Excessive smoking, obesity, uncontrolled diet, stress and anger are the common heart disease causes and prevention of them needs to taken within time. Moreover, a higher level of bad cholesterol is responsible for heart-related issues.

2. What are the kinds of heart diseases?

Ans. Cardiovascular diseases have become a significant health issue among many people nowadays. The types of heart disease occurring among people are arrhythmia, dilated cardiomyopathy, pulmonary stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, congenital disorder, etc.

3. What are the treatments for heart disease?

Ans. With time, there has been advancement in the field of various modern treatments of heart diseases. Medications have been a proven cure for common heart diseases, such as anti-platelet, anti-arrhythmic drugs and aspirin therapy.