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Ellipsoid Joints

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We may say that the joint is a point where two or more things are connected. In the human body, a joint is a place where two bones are connected. A joint means a junction or in other words, it is a strong connection that connects the bones and cartilage together. Joint is necessary for all the movement of the body like walking, running, and shaking hands. The force generated by the muscle is used to carry out movements through various joints. The ease and degree of movement at different joints vary depending on the different factors.

Types of Joints

Joints are classified into different types based on motion, structure, and function, some of them are mentioned below:

  • Hinge Joints

  • Saddle Joints

  • Fibrous Joints

  • Gliding Joints

  • Pivotal Joints

  • Synovial Joints

  • Condyloid Joints

  • Cartilaginous Joints

  • Ball and Socket Joints

What are Ellipsoid Joints?

The ellipsoid joint is a type of synovial joint and it is one of the most important types of the joint it is also called the curved joint. The ellipsoid joint can also be referred to as a condyloid joint or condylar joint. Some of the ellipsoid joint examples are the wrist joint, metacarpophalangeal joints, metatarsophalangeal joints, and atlantooccipital joints.

Diagram of an ellipsoid joint of the wrist.

Features of Ellipsoid Joints

Some of the important features of ellipsoid joints are;

  • It is a biaxial joint.

  • It allows the movement of the bones in all the angular motion. 

  • This joint can have movement in two plains, back and front, and side to side. 

  • According to the ellipsoid joint definition, They are usually present in between the knuckle joints, wrist joints, metacarpophalangeal joints, and metatarsophalangeal joints of fingers.

Synovial Joint

This is one of the most usable and most common kinds of joint, which is found in between the bones that move against each other. A synovial joint is also called diarthrosis, joint cartilage or bones with a fibrous joint. These joints allow bones to rotate around each other and slide past each other. The synovial joint has a joint cavity filled with fluid, together with muscles, ligaments, tendons, and the capsule which keeps the bones of the joint in place. This arrangement allows movement of the joints. The membrane that lines up the capsule produces oily synovial fluid and lubricates the joint, reducing friction and wear and tear.


Structural Features of Synovial Joints

These joints are explained by the presence of a joint cavity and their walls are formed by articular capsules. Synovial joints are more complex than the other types of joint and their structural components include. 

  • Synovial fluid 

  • Articular capsule 

  • Articular cartilage 

  • Reinforcing ligaments 

  • Joint cavity or capsules 

Types of Synovial Joints 

Synovial joints are also called diarthrosis joints and almost all the joints present in our body are synovial joints. There are almost six different kinds of synovial joints and are mainly classified based on the shapes of the articulating surface of bones that form each other.


Plane Joints 

Plane joints are also known as gliding joints or arthrodial joints. Plane joints allow sliding and gliding movements where the articular surfaces of the bones are flat meaning they only allow movement to occur in uniaxial joints. 

E.g. are present between ankle joints and carpals of the wrist that produce different types of movements are:- 

  • Twisting 

  • Back-and-forth 

  • Nonaxial movement

Hinge Joints 

Hinge joints are the types of joints with cylindrical projections, which nearly resemble the hinge of a door or a window. These are uniaxial joints with a single plane motion that permits extension. 

The hinge is located in the elbow.

Pivot Joints 

Pivot joints are also known as trochoid joint, rotary joint, in vertebrate anatomy, a freely movable joint that allows only rotational movement around a single axis. The moving bones rotate within a ring that is formed from an adjoining ligament and second bone.

An example of pivot joints is the first and second bones of the neck which allows the head to move back and forth.

Joint of the wrist, that allows the palm to move.

Saddle Joints 

A saddle joint is a joint with a concave or convex surface that provides a biaxial movement which is similar to condyloid joints. saddle joints are present between the carpometacarpal joints of the thumb.

Ball-and-Socket Joints

The joints with a hemispherical or spherical head in which a bone forms a joint with a cuplike socket. It provides multiaxial joints, and this is one of the most freely moving synovial joints with the highest degree of motion. These joints are present between the shoulder and hip.

Interesting Facts About Ellipsoid Joints

  • The ellipsoid joint found in the base of the index finger enables bending and extending of the joints. 

  • As the ellipsoid joint has two sides of motion, it allows opposite movement of the bone but only for a small or certain extent. 

  • An ellipsoid joint is a type of movable synovial joint, so the ellipsoid joint is also a movable joint.

Why should you know about the Ellipsoid Joints?

You need to know about the Ellipsoid Joints because it is an essential part of the biology syllabus. Learning about this concept will help you understand the different joints in your body. Here are some reasons why you should learn the Ellipsoid Joints:

  • When you go through the concept of Ellipsoid Joints you will get to learn about the different types of joints in our body and how they allow motion of different bones.

  • The Ellipsoid Joints will give you a deep insight into human anatomy and the functioning of the body.

  • The Ellipsoid Joints is one of the most crucial concepts of the biology syllabus. So, by learning about these joints, you can easily score excellent marks in your biology exam.

  • If you have a good understanding of Ellipsoid Joints, you will be able to prevent and treat joint injuries.

  • Once you go through the Ellipsoid Joints thoroughly, you will be able to tell the difference between all kinds of joints.

  • If you want to pursue the medical field, learning about the Ellipsoid Joints will be quite helpful.


How to Learn the Ellipsoid Joints?

The concept of Ellipsoid Joints will be easy to learn, especially when you are using Vedantu’s online platform. Vedantu offers you a wide range of study materials to aid you in your revisions and scoring well in the exams. All the resources available on our learning platform are free to access so that every student around the globe can learn important topics of different subjects. Apart from this, you can follow the tips mentioned below to learn the Ellipsoid Joints:

  • When you start studying the Ellipsoid Joints, keep a notepad and pen to write down the important points and create a summary of the concept. These notes will prove to be of great help in your revisions before the exam.

  • Go through the Ellipsoid Joint thoroughly to understand the types and features of different types of joints in a human body.

  • Once you are done with the Ellipsoid Joints, you can try answering the exercise questions given in your textbook and other reference books for practice.

  • To prepare the concept of ellipsoid joints for your exams, go through different study materials such as revision notes, sample papers, previous year question papers, textbook solutions, and much more.

  • Use Vedantu’s free learning platform to gain more knowledge about the Ellipsoid Joints to strengthen your grasp of this important concept.      

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FAQs on Ellipsoid Joints

1. What is special about Synovial Joints?

It is a type of joint found between bones that moves against each other. Synovial joints are usable and movable joints. They have fluid between the joint cavity which reduces friction and shock.

2. What are the different types of Synovial Joints?

The different types of synovial joints are ball and socket joint, hinge joint, pivot joint, gliding joint, saddle joint, condyloid joint, plane joint. A ball and socket joint is the one where a rounded bone perfectly fits inside the cup-like shape of another bone. A hinge joint is the one that allows the bones to move back and forth in one direction with limited motion. When the ends of two bones connect with each other, it is known as the pivot joint. A gliding joint connects two bones having a flat surface and allowing them to glide past each other in any direction. Lastly, a saddle joint is a connection between two bones where one part is turned inwards while the other is turned outwards to form a shape of a saddle and a rider.

3. Is the Ankle an Ellipsoid Joint?

Yes, the ankle is an ellipsoid joint, as the intervertebral joint is a type of ellipsoidal joint as many of the small bones of the wrist and ankle also meet the gliding joint. The oval shape of the condyle fits into the elliptical cavity of the other bone found in the ankle.

4. What are Ellipsoid Joints?

It is an ovoid articular surface, or condyle that it received in the elliptical cavity. The ellipsoid joint permits the movement of the bone in two planes, allowing flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and circumduction. The ellipsoid joints occur between the metacarpals and phalanges. These joints give you more flexibility than hinge joints as they move in two planes i.e. side to side and back and forth. Another name for ellipsoid joints is condyloid joints. It is so because these joints are a combination of a rounded condyle and an elliptical cavity.

5. What is the best platform to learn the Ellipsoid Joints?

Vedantu is the best platform to learn the Ellipsoid Joints. We provide you with detailed explanations curated by our subject-matter experts who have years of experience in the field. You can rely on the notes on Ellipsoid Joints provided by Vedantu for revision and exam preparations. To start learning, you can visit or use our mobile application available on the play store and app for free. We also give free access to a lot of study materials for the biology subject. With our platform, you can learn concepts like plant cells, environment, ribosomes, and many other important topics.