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Difference Between Nodes and Internodes

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What is Nodes and Internodes: Introduction

A plant's stem is made up of nodes and internodes, according to plant biology. The nodes of a plant stem are the important locations from which leaves, branches, and aerial roots originate, whereas the internodes are the spaces between the nodes.

Locating a plant's nodes is vital for performing routine maintenance, such as trimming, and when attempting to reproduce plants from stem cuttings or grafts. At the end of this article, one will be able to tell what is nodes and internodes, the nodes and internodes difference, characteristics of nodes and internodes, etc.

Explain Nodes and Internodes:

A node is a location from which a leaf arises. "Internode" refers to the space between two neighboring nodes.

The stem is made up of two structural components known as nodes and internodes. The stem is one of two structural components of a vascular plant. Axillary buds on nodes can develop into branches, flowers, or cones, whereas internodes control stem extension. Let us know in more detail.

Node:

A node is a structural component of a vascular plant's stem that generates a tiny swelling. Scars or generative structures like as axillary buds, flower buds, or cone buds can be seen at nodes. The axillary buds are in charge of branch development. Some plant nodes also produce aerial roots.

The identification of nodes is critical for plant vegetative proliferation. The majority of woody and herbaceous plants can be propagated via stem cutting. A cut longer than 6 inches in length from the mother plant is required for successful roots. Pruning is also a means for maintaining plant size; when stems are pruned above a node, the axillary bud of that node becomes induced and produces new stems. When budding, one plant's node serves as the scion, and it should be severed with the cambium.

Internode:

The section of the stem that occurs between two successive nodes is known as an internode. The internode's length offers adequate space between two successive nodes. Some plants, however, such as dwarf conifers, always have short internodes. As a result, these plants can be pruned or sheared into various shapes.

Furthermore, the internode contains both the xylem and phloem; thus, the fundamental function of internodes is transportation. The xylem is in charge of transporting water from the roots to the leaves, whereas the phloem is in charge of transporting food from the leaves to the storage sections. Aside from that, the lengthening of the internodes improves the plant's height.

Difference Between Nodes and Internodes:

Now knowing what is nodes and internodes, let us go through the nodes and internodes difference in tabular form.

S.no.

Parameter

Node

Internode

1

Meaning


The place of attachment of the leaf is referred to as a node.

The area between the two nodes is known as the internode.

2

Identification

Scars, buds, leaves, or branches can be used to identify this place.

The lack of any vestiges, such as buds, leaves, or branches, and any scars.

3

Function

Bear buds, which may grow into cones, flowers, or branches.

The stem's length is extended by this enzyme.

4

Axillary bud 

It is present.

It is absent.

5

Cellular activity

Nodes are sites of high cellular development and activity.

The internode activity increases the length of the plant by maximizing the space between the nodes.


Similarities Between Nodes and Internodes:

After knowing the differences, let us now go through the nodes and internodes similarities. The following are the points that prove the similarities between them.

  • Two structures in the vascular plant's stem.

  • Have a distinct stem-related function.

  • Both internode and node cells are the most active.

  • The plant is controlled by the structure of both the node and the internode.

Characteristics of Nodes and Internodes:

Let us now know the characters in detail. The following are the characteristics of nodes and internodes-
   

Nodes:

  • A section of the plant's stem from which one or more leaves sprout.

  • Each node has an axillary bud.

  • Bear buds that develop into branches, flowers, or cones.

  • Have a lot of cell activity in your nodes.

Internodes:

  • A section of a plant stem is located between two successive nodes.

  • There are no axillary buds.

  • Internodes are crucial for the stem's lengthening.

  • Internodes are where cells can elongate the most.

Summary

A node is a tiny development on the stem of a vascular plant identified by the presence of an axillary bud or scar that will later develop into a branch. In addition to axillary buds, nodes may include flower or cone buds. An internode is the section of the stem that connects two adjacent nodes. It is in charge of increasing the plant's height. As a result, structure and function distinguish a node from an internode. To identify a plant node, find the newest leaves that have emerged on your plant to locate nodes. Place your fingertips on the stem near the new leaf and trace it backward to where it links with another stem. The node is that connecting point.

Last updated date: 29th Sep 2023
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