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Cereals

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What are Cereals?

For a long time, cereal grains have played a vital role in human lives. It’s our day-to-day staple, and it includes about 50 to 60% of our diet. Moreover, Cereals are an essential part of Indian cuisine, and the cereals name in Hindi is termed Anaj. Besides, several kinds of grains and millets come under the extensive category of cereals. In India, there are a myriad of cereals with a variety of cereals. Let’s dive into the world of cereals with all cereals name and benefits to understand them better! 


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What are Cereals?

Cereals are basically edible grains widely grown in massive quantities and filled with minerals and vitamins. Moreover, some cereals are loaded with fiber, proteins, and carbohydrates, making them a super fresh and healthy food option. Grain is even consumed in substantial amounts by most developing countries as their daily staple food, but it doesn’t mean developed nations have less consumption. All-inclusive, cereal grains are comparatively popular worldwide. 

The majority of cereals and millets, such as wheat, rice, finger millet, pearl millet, sorghum, etc., are well-ground to flour. Several variations of flatbreads are directly made from these flours. Apart from these, there are also flatbreads with sorghum flour, finger millet flour, pearl millet flour, buckwheat flour, rice flour, etc. Furthermore, some popular cereal names consumed as breakfast are cornflakes, muesli, oats or oat porridge, granola, rice krispies, wheat flakes, and bran cereal.

Check out the list to name some cereals in hindi: 

Cereals Names List

Cereals

Hindi Name

Rice

Chawal

Maize

Makai

Oats

Jai, javie

Rye

Rye

Barley

Jaun

Sorghum

Joar or Jowar

Wheat

Gehun

Quinoa

Quinoa

Millet

Bajra


What are the Different Types of Cereal?

Cereal is mainly grass that is cultivated and grown for the edible elements of its grain. If eaten whole, they are an excellent source of minerals, vitamins, fats, carbohydrates, oils, and protein (in their natural form). When further cultivated, they lose some of their nutritional value, beneficial elements and get reduced to carbohydrates.

Even though rice and wheat are popular cereal that are consumed in bulk, millets are also eaten for their excellent health benefits. Wholemeal or wholegrain bread, seedy pieces of bread, wheat germ, puffed whole grains, bulgur, popcorn, and oatmeals are some common examples of whole grains. 

As oatmeals and breakfast cereals are consumed widely worldwide, the most trusted cereal brand names are Quaker Oats, Kellogg's, Bagrry's, etc. All cereals are high in carbs; on the other hand, millets are a perfect source of proteins, carbs, and fiber. Now that you know breakfast cereal names, ensure to incorporate them in your everyday meals to avail health benefits and support local farmers. 

Let's name some cereals of different variations and understand their health benefits. 


Wheat

It is among the most universally grown and consumed cereal crops on the planet because of the variety of culinary applications wheat offers. Certainly, wheat grain is available in multiple variations like bread, Spelt, Emmer, Einkorn, and Kamut. Nutritional and health benefits of Wheat are as follows: 

  • Low in fat, with most of it being unsaturated.

  • Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), folate, and pantothenic acid are part of vitamin B.

  • Potassium-rich and sodium-free.

  • It includes Iron, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, and selenium.

  • High in carbohydrate (majorly starch) and insoluble dietary fiber.


Oats

As oats’ bran and germ seldom are removed during processing, some food items, including the words’ oats,’ ‘oatmeals,’ and ‘oat flour,’ consist of whole-grain oats. Oats are naturally rich in beta-glucan, an emulsifiable fiber found in the oat grain’s bran and endosperm layer. The expected health benefits of oats are: 

  • Helps in boosting insulin responses. 

  • Beta-glucan found in oats enhances blood sugar control after meals. 

  • Helps in reducing cholesterol levels. 

  • Avenanthramides found in oats assist in protecting blood vessels from the harmful effects of LDL cholesterol.  


Corn

Corn, also commonly called maize, is among the top flavorful grains. It’s the basic yellow corn on the cob in its immature form. So, when it matures and dries out, it can be used similarly to other grains to make grain foods like breakfast cereals. Some of the common health benefits of corn are: 

  • Corn is an excellent source of the antioxidants carotenoids, zeaxanthin, and lutein, which promote eye health. 

  • The rich fiber element in corn helps aid with digestion. 

  • It consists of valuable B vitamins and other vital minerals like magnesium, iron, manganese, zinc, and copper, essential to maintaining your overall health.

  • The insoluble fiber found in corn may help in reducing colon cancer risk.  


Rye

Rye is known to have less gluten than wheat flour, making rye bread much denser. While traditional rye bread is made employing a sourdough technique and has a somewhat sour taste. It’s unique among grains and contains a high level of fiber in its endosperm and its bran. Several health benefits of rye are as follows: 

  • It’s rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly in the B group. 

  • It is known for its low glycemic index and is perfect for those with type 2 diabetes. 

  • It lessens the high risk of cardiovascular disease and the incidence of gallstones. 

  • It further helps in reducing the boosted levels of LDL cholesterol. 


Sorghum

Jowar, also widely called sorghum in English and referred to as the ‘new quinoa’ because of its gluten-free, whole grain goodness. The ancient grain, a member of the millet family, is undergoing a revival as people switch from processed wheat products, which are not regarded as healthy. Check out the following prominent health benefits of jowar or sorghum: 

  • It’s safe for people with celiac disease. 

  • It can help control cholesterol levels. 

  • It helps in protecting against the risk of diabetes and insulin resistance.

Hopefully, this article has covered all about cereals and their benefits. So, now when someone asks what the five cereals name are, you have them on your fingertips.  

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FAQs on Cereals

1. Why are cereals so crucial for health? 

Ans: Cereals are known to offer energy and a high amount of carbohydrates. They have rich levels of protein, starch, fiber, and group B vitamins. Besides, a few variations also include iron, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. So, their high nutrient content is what makes them the most vital food in our everyday diet after milk. Moreover, cereals offer essential fat, protein, minerals, vitamins, and dietary fiber in the whole-grain type. 

2. Can cereal make you healthy?


Ans: Anything that you overeat can bring adverse effects to your body. So, if cereals are consumed too frequently, they can lead to weight gain and health issues. However, cereals in any form are a healthy, good, and balanced addition to your diet. They are nutritionally essential sources of dietary protein, vitamin B, iron, Vitamin E, niacin, carbohydrates, riboflavin, etc., necessary for humans and animals. 

3. What is the basic composition of cereals?


Ans: Cereals include about 12 to 14% water, 2 to 4% lipids, 65 to 75% carbohydrates, and 7 to 12% protein when it comes to composition. Moreover, cereals are comparatively similar in the gross composition being low in protein and high in carbohydrates. Whereas oats and maize include high amounts of lipids. 

4. What is the difference between cereals and pulses? 


Ans: One of the primary differences between cereals and pulses is that cereals are grown in larger numbers compared to pulses due to the high concentrations of carbohydrates. Another significant difference between cereals and pulses is that pulses lack the carbohydrates that the cereals possess. Moreover, pulses are rich in other nutrients like amino acids and proteins. Some common name of cereals and pulses are rice, wheat, corn, barley, and maize are some examples of cereals, while dry beans, chickpeas, cowpeas, and lentils are all common examples of pulses.