The tiny spherical seed or seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum is known as the pea. The botanical name of pea plant is referred to as Pisum sativum Peas may be green or yellow, and each pod contains many peas. Peapods are called fruit by botanists since they contain seeds and grow from the ovary of a (pea) flower.
Pisum sativum is an annual plant that has a one-year life cycle. It's a cool-season crop that's grown all over the world; depending on where you live, you can plant it anywhere from winter to early summer. A pea weighs between 0.1 and 0.36 grams on average. Immature peas (and the tender pod in snow peas) are used as a vegetable, fresh, frozen, or canned; varieties of the species generally known as field peas are grown to produce dry peas shelled from a matured pod. These are the ingredients in pease porridge and pea soup, which were staples of medieval cuisine; in Europe, eating new immature green peas was an early modern culinary invention.
The scientific name of pea plant, biological name of pea is referred to as Pisum Sativum.
A pea is a pod-shaped vegetable that is usually green but may also be golden yellow or purple. It is widely grown as a cool-season vegetable crop. The seeds can be planted as soon as the soil temperature exceeds 10 degrees Celsius (50 degrees Fahrenheit), with the plants growing best at temperatures of 13 to 18 degrees Celsius (55 to 64 degrees Fahrenheit). Around 60 days after planting, several cultivars attain maturity. Low-growing and vining cultivars of peas are available. Vining cultivars develop thin tendrils from their leaves that coil around any available support and can reach a height of 1–2 meters. Climbing peas are usually supported by thrusting upright branches pruned from trees or other woody plants into the soil, forming a lattice for the peas to ascend. The botanical name of the pea plant is referred to as Pisum sativum. Pea sticks or pea brushes are the terms for the branches used in this fashion. For the same reason, metal fences, twine, or netting supported by a frame are used. Peas owe each other some measure of mutual support in dense plantings. Self-pollination is possible in pea plants.
Sweet peas have been cultivated since the 17th century, and there is a wide range of cultivars available commercially. They are grown for the colour of their flowers (which are usually pastel shades of blue, pink, purple, and white) as well as their intense, distinct fragrance. Gardeners cultivate them for personal enjoyment or show, and florists use them in their work. In the spring or autumn, the big, pea-shaped seeds are sown in cold frames. Pre-soaking or chipping the seeds with a sharp blade is helpful. Later in the season, the plants are also available as young plants or plugs. They're grown-up canes with fresh shoots pinched out regularly to foster a bushy habit and higher flower yields. Sweet peas are inedible due to the poisonous seeds. Sweet peas, on the other hand, make lovely flowers for a garden. Except for yellow, the distinctive flowers bear blossoms in a variety of colours. Sweet pea plants come in several sizes, with some having long vines that climb up trellises and poles. Cut flowers are made from the flowers of wine-type sweet pea plants, and bush sweet pea plants have short stalks and do well in flower beds and containers. The botanical name of sweet pea is known as Lathyrus odoratus.
As a side dish vegetable, fresh peas are commonly boiled and flavoured with butter and/or spearmint. When serving peas, salt and pepper are often used. Fresh peas can also be used in casseroles, salads, and pot pies. Pod peas (also known as snow peas or snap peas) are commonly used in stir-fried dishes, particularly in American Chinese cuisine. Peapods do not hold well once picked, and if not used right away, they should be dried, canned, or frozen within a few hours of harvest.
Fresh peas are widely used in Indian dishes such as aloo matar (curried potatoes with peas) and matar paneer (paneer cheese with peas), though frozen peas may also be used. Peas may also be eaten raw because they are sweet when picked straight from the forest.
Northern Europe, portions of Middle Europe, Russia, Iran, Iraq, and India are among the countries that consume pea soup. It's known as ärtsoppa in Sweden, and it's a traditional Swedish dish. This food was made from a pea that grew rapidly and matured in a short period of time
Some people are allergic to peas and lentils, with vicilin or convicilin being the most common allergens.
Jews, other Middle Eastern Semitic peoples, and other descendants of the Mediterranean coastal regions are affected by Favism, or Fava-bean-ism, a hereditary deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Hemolytic anaemia is the toxic reaction to consuming most, if not all, beans in this state, and the released circulating free haemoglobin cause acute kidney injury in extreme cases.
1. What is the Reason Behind Mendel Choosing a Pea Plant for Study?
Mendel chose pea plants to study genetics because they have easily recognizable traits. Pea plants were also used by Mendel because they can self-pollinate or cross-pollinate. Just one flower is involved in self-pollination; the flower's pollen falls on the female sex organs. Self-pollination is one of the characteristics that enhance him for his studies.
2. Explain the Different Characteristics of the Pea Plants.
There are 7 characteristics of the pea plant which is explained below:
The shape of a pea (round or wrinkled), Color of peasant (green or yellow), Shape of a pod (constricted or inflated), Color of the pod (green or yellow), Color of flowers (purple or white), Scale of the plant (tall or dwarf), Floral arrangement (axial or terminal).