NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Our Pasts-2 Chapter-10

VSAT 2022

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Chapter 10 - Eighteenth-Century Political Formations - Free PDF Download

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Access NCERT Solutions for Social Science - Our Pasts-2 Chapter 7 – Eighteenth-Century Political Formations

1. Match the following.

  1. subadar 

  1. a revenue farmer 

  1. faujdar 

  1. a high noble 

  1. ijaradar 

  1. provincial governor 

  1. misl 

  1. Maratha peasant warriors 

  1. chauth 

  1. a Mughal military commander 

  1. kunbis 

  1. a band of Sikh warriors 

  1. umara 

  1. tax levied by the Marathas 

Ans: (i)-(c); (ii)-(e); (iii)-(a); (iv)-(f); (v)-(g); (vi)-(d); (vii)-(b)

2. Fill in the blanks.

(a) Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the___________.

(b) Umara and Jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal ___________ .

(c) Asaf Jah founded the Hyderabad state in ___________. 

(d) The founder of the Awadh state was ___________. 


  1. Aurangzeb fought a protracted war in the Deccan

  2. Umara and Jagirdars constituted powerful sections of the Mughal administration

  3. Asaf Jah founded the Hyderabad state in 1724

  4. The founder of the Awadh state was Burhan-ul-Mulk Sa’adat Khan.

3. State whether true or false.

(a) Nadir Shah invaded Bengal. 

(b) Sawai Raja Jai Singh was the ruler of Indore. 

(c) Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. 

(d) Poona became the capital of the Marathas in the eighteenth century.


(a) False 

(b) False 

(c) True 

(d) True 

4. What were the offices held by Sa’adat Khan?

Ans: Sa'adat Khan held the positions of subadari, diwani, and faujdari.

5. Why did the Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal try to do away with the Jagirdari system?

Ans: The Nawabs of Awadh and Bengal attempted to abolish the Jagirdari system in order to reduce cheating and Mughal influence in their own kingdoms. The Nawabs lowered the extent of Jagirs and recruited loyal subordinates to execute the tasks because the Mughal Jagirdars were corrupt. They audited the Jagirdar's books, and officials designated by the Nawab's court appraised the districts' revenues.

6. How were the Sikhs organized in the eighteenth century?

Ans: The Sikhs formed themselves into a variety of bands called jathas, and later misls, in the eighteenth century. The vast army was the name given to their combined forces (dal khalsa). During Baisakhi and Diwali, the entire body would gather in Amritsar to make collective decisions known as "resolutions of the Guru (gurmatas)." Rakhi, a system that provides protection to growers in exchange for a 20% tax on their produce, was created. Guru Gobind Singh invented the khalsa, which assisted Sikhs in defeating Mughal rulers and then Ahmad Shah Abdali, who had captured the Mughals' opulent Punjab province and the Sarkar of Sirhind.

7. Why did the Marathas want to expand beyond the Deccan?

Ans: The Marathas desired to extend beyond the Deccan in order to gain control over trade and agriculture. They had developed a sophisticated and efficient administrative system, allowing them to consider pushing beyond the Deccan in search of greater power and resources.

8. What were the policies adopted by Asaf Jah to strengthen his position?

Ans: Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah, the founder of the kingdom of Hyderabad, was a strong member of the Mughal Emperor Farrukhsiyar court. Asaf Jah strengthened his position by:

  • Bringing talented warriors and officials from northern India, who were excited about the new chances in the south.

  • Appointing mansabdars and granting Jagirs.

  • Without seeking instructions from Delhi or encountering any interference, he ruled in his own right. The Mughal emperor merely supported the Nizam's judgments.

  • He consolidated power by taking advantage of the Deccan's turmoil and competition among the court nobility.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 10 – Free PDF Download

This is the proper place to urge the NCERT Solution for Class 7 History Chapter 10. The answers for Class 7 SST History Chapter 10 eighteenth - century political formations present a PDF format that is well-drafted by the experienced teachers and can be downloaded for free.

Chapter 10 – Eighteen Century Political Formations

In CH 10 History Class 7, it states that The Mughal Empire had to face a spread of crises towards the closing years of the 17th century. Some things led to the decline of the Mughal Empire. Emperor Aurangzeb fought an extended war within the Deccan. As an aftereffect, the military and financial resources of his empire got depleted. Learn more about how The Mughal Empire had to face a spread of crises from the NCERT Solutions for Class 7th History Chapter 10 given by the experts.


NCERT History book Class 7 Chapter 10 solutions will describe Hyderabad's History in a detailed and simplified manner. Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana which is an Indian state. It is a historical city which is famous for its many monuments, temples, mosques, and bazaars.

After a short period of Mughal rule, the first Nizam of Hyderabad defeated the town in 1724. The Nizams later signed a subsidiary affiliation with the British. Their territory became Hyderabad State, the only crucial princely state in British India with the town of Hyderabad as its capital.

During this era, industry, railways, modern education, and airways developed in Hyderabad. After gaining independence in 1947, the Nizam didn't wish to accede his state to the newly formed nation. By then, his power had weakened, thanks to the Telangana movement. The Indian Army annexed Hyderabad in 1948. All of these things are well-explained in the CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 10 solutions.


Learn about the History of Bengal from the NCERT Solution for Class 7th History Chapter 10. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, Isa Khan, a Muslim Rajput chief, dominated the Bengal delta. Murshid Quli Khan was appointed as the Diwan of Bengal by Aurangzeb. He tried to avoid wasting lots and lots of his province's interest by preventing the gathering of revenues by the English Malay Archipelago Company.

The Marathas

The existence of the empire was from 1674 with the enthronement of Shivaji because of the Chhatrapati. It led to 1818 with the defeat of Peshwa Bajirao II at the British Malay Archipelago Company's hands. The Marathas are credited to an outsized extent for ending Mughal rule over most of the Indian subcontinent. Get conversant in Marathas's History with the assistance of the NCERT Solutions for Class 7th Social Science History Chapter 10.

The Jats

The Jats came to prominence within the seventeenth century, once they rebelled against the Moghul Emperor Aurangzeb's atrocities. In 1661, the Jats of Bharatpur were sharpened when a Muslim officer demolished a temple to exchange it with a mosque. He also apparently harassed the populace daily.

The Sikhs

The NCERT Solution Class 7th History Chapter 10 will provide an uncomplicated description of the Sikhs' History. Baba Nanak coined Sikhism. The religious practices were arranged by Guru Gobind Singh Ji on 13 April 1699. The latter baptized five persons from different parts of India and had different social backgrounds to make Khalsa.

The primary five, Pure Ones, then baptized Gobind Singh into the Khalsa fold.

The History of Sikhism is closely linked with Punjab's History and, thus, the socio-political situation within the northwest of the Indian subcontinent within the 16th century. Mughal rulers killed many prominent Sikhs for not obeying their orders and opposing the oppression of Sikhs. Of a total of 10 Sikh gurus, two gurus themselves were tortured and executed. They shut in and several gurus brutally killed, along with other central revered figures of Sikhism, were tortured and killed by Mughal rulers for refusing their orders and opposing the persecution of Sikhs Hindus. You can cover everything about the concept by going through the NCERT Solution of History Class 7 Chapter 10.

Key Features of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 10

NCERT Solutions Class 7 History Chapter 10 provided by Vedantu offers proper guidance for the students. The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 SST History Chapter 10 provides questions and solutions from the NCERT books in a simplified way. The only intention is to make the study easier to understand for students. 

  • The NCERT Solutions for Class 7th SST History Chapter 10 explains all the questions and answers in an accessible English language so that you can get your fundamentals clear and straight.

  • The NCERT Solutions of Class 7th History Chapter 10 are prepared by experts who have years of experience in this field.

  • The NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 10 eighteenth - century political formations provide all the chapter's insights thoroughly.

  • Students can go through these solutions before appearing in the exams.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is the 18th Century Considered Necessary?

The 18th century is considered necessary because of many happenings that took place in the subcontinent.

2. Nadir Shah: Who is He?

Nadir Shah is a famous ruler of the Iran subcontinent.

3. What is Chapter 10 of Class 7 History Textbook?

The theme of the Chapter is Eighteenth-Century Political Formations. As the theme of the chapter suggests, the chapter helps you to understand the various changes happening in the politics of the nation during the given time period as well as the impact of these changes. The period saw the emergence of several independent kingdoms, the arrival of foreign powers in the subcontinent, and the invasion by Nadir Shah and Ahmad Shah Abdali. The chapter also gives a brief idea about the French Revolution. 

4. What were the independent states that emerged during the 18th Century?

The period saw the disintegration and fall of the Mughal Empire. The period saw several independent states occupying the centre stage. Some of the states that emerged as regional independent powers were earlier the provinces of the Empire. Other categories of states that came up during the period include states that enjoyed considerable independence from the influence of the empire and the states that had seized their independence from the mighty Mughal Empire. To study more students can visit the Vedantu website and the Vedantu app.

5. What were the factors responsible for the fall of the mighty empire?

The once invincible empire of the Mughals suffered a series of setbacks because of internal as well as external factors. A long-drawn war in the Deccan by Aurangzeb has depleted the revenues as well as the resources of the military. The religious policy followed by Aurangzeb has alienated their former powerful allies, the Rajputs. The administration was corrupted and demoralized during the period of later Mughals. The nobles and the local rulers tried to increase their clout of authority and revenue to the capital fell. Numerous rebellions and foreign invasions dealt a death blow to the empire.

6. Explain the common features of the states of Hyderabad, Bengal and Awadh.

The states of Hyderabad, Bengal, and Awadh were founded by Nizam-ul-Mulk, Murshid Quli Khan, and Burhan-ul-Mulk respectively. There are three features that are common to all three states. Firstly, the founders were not confident of some of the features of the administrative system they had inherited. Secondly, their method of tax collection was different. And lastly, their emerging relationships with rich merchants and bankers of the region. To know more about such political formations of the 18th century, students can download the NCERT Solutions free of cost from the Vedantu website (

7. Who were the Jats?

Jats, led by their leader Churaman, had consolidated power during the 17 and 18 centuries. They were agriculturists and wanted to be free of the control of the Mughals. Their power reached its zenith under the ruler of Bharatpur, Suraj Mal. Parts of modern-day Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi came under their control. They have to their credit numerous forts and palaces. The son of Suraj Mal, along with his troops and several Maratha and Sikh troops, fought the Mughals. 

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