CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 3 Notes - Delhi Sultans

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Delhi Sultans Class 7 Notes History Chapter 3 - PDF Download

Delhi, the capital of India, got importance only after the 12th century because of the kingdom of Tomara Rajputs. Delhi was ruled by five Islamic kings from the 13th century to the end of the 15th century. Later on, the Mughal era was started in India. Let's have a detailed explanation of these Delhi sultanates with the help of the Delhi Sultanate Class 7 CBSE Notes. 


CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 3 Notes - Delhi Sultans part-1

The Delhi Sultanate Class 7 CBSE Notes PDF Free Download

Who were Delhi Sultanates?

Delhi became a great commercial center with the involvement of Tomaras and Chauhans. Delhiwal was the name of coins that were minted here. They had great demand and were widely circulated in and out of the city. Several rich merchants of Jaina came to Delhi and settled over there. They built different temples and monuments in Delhi. All these factors had a great impact on the development of the city. The transformation of Delhi into a city that ruled large regions of the subcontinent began with the founding of the Delhi Sultanate at the beginning of the 13th century. Class 7 History Chapter 3 Notes has explained all the factors involved in the expansion of Delhi.


Rulers of Delhi

The Delhi Sultanates Class 7 CBSE History Chapter 3 Notes provides a detailed explanation that Delhi was ruled by five dynasties during the period of the 12th century to the 15th century. All these dynasties were ruled by Islamic Kings but had a short span of life. Even though their life was short and was defeated by other kings, they contributed much to Delhi. The five dynasties are,

  • From 1206–1290, the Mamluk Dynasty.

  • From 1290–1320, the Khalji Dynasty.

  • From 1320–1414, the Tughlaq Dynasty.

  • From 1414–1451, the Sayyid Dynasty.

  • From 1451–1526, the Afghan Lodi Dynasty.

  • Later, the Mughal Empire was established.

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Architecture Plan During Delhi Sultanates

The Delhi Sultanate Class 7 CBSE Notes also covers several Jain, Hindu, Buddhism temples built during the time of the Mamluk dynasty and Khalji dynasty. The early rulers of Delhi had exhibited an anthropomorphic representation in the artistic style. Indo-Islamic art came into existence due to the merging of Muslim customs and indigenous art. Several memorable monuments were constructed. They are - 

  • Qutub Minar:- In 1192, the first ruler and also the governor, Qutb-ud-din Aibak, had started the construction of the Qutub Minar. It is the tallest minar constructed in India with 238 ft of height. The walls of Qutub Minar were designed with verses of the Quran and floral motifs of India. It is completely made of marble and red sandstone. Iltutmish, the successor of Qutb-ud-din Aibak, had completed the construction. It is the first architectural symbol of India.

  • Alai Darwaza:- Another notable construction discussed in Class 7 History Chapter 3 notes of the Delhi Sultanates during the 13th century. It was built by the second sultan of Delhi, Ala-ud-din Khalji, in 1311 CE. The Qutub mansion is located on the southern side of Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque. It is the first real dome in India. In between the Qutub Minar and Alai Darwaza, the tomb of Sultan Balban. 

  • Lodi Gardens and Tomb of Mohammad Shah: In the 14th century, the rulers were Sayyid and Lodi. They built Lodi Gardens and the Tomb of Mohammad Shah, reflecting the Islamic pointed arches in the octagonal main chamber. The construction of the roof has several similarities with Mughal architecture.


Expansion of Delhi Sultanates

The Delhi Sultanate Class 7 project explains that after Struggling a lot, the Delhi sultanates again controlled the Garrison towns. They expanded the trade, architecture, constructions, etc., and captured the South Indian States. Their business strategy was quite interesting, which benefited both the ends. The notable thing here is, every ruler of the dynasties had faced challenges which they overcame and in turn expanded their kingdom. The Mongol invasions had placed a checkmate to Delhi Authorities from Afghanistan. Tughluq was the first ruler who had set campaigns over the internal frontiers. In these internal frontiers, he had merged the hinterlands of Garrison towns along with forests, Yamuna doabs, habitat lands, etc.

Lodi, Sayyid, Tughluqs ruled till the middle of the 15th century. They collected taxes in three ways to feed the military people. They appointed individual rulers for all the south Indian States after the acquisition of them. These rulers started the formation of small states with respective capitals. The administration was very strong and efficient. The first manager for Bihar state, Sher Shah Sur, defeated Humayun, a Mughal emperor, and established his dynasty for 15 years. 


Conclusion

The Class 7 History Chapter 3 Notes on the official website of Vedantu provides a detailed explanation about the Delhi sultanates, their works, Administration skills, notable works, constructions, architecture, painting styles, etc. The present capital city of India, Delhi was formed by the great contributions of all these Kings.


FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Explain the administrative challenges of Ala-ud-din Khalji.

Even though Ala-ud-din Khalji was a great ruler, he also had to face several administrative challenges. Let's see what those challenges were and how he overcame them.

  • During the tenure of Ala-ud-din Khalji, Delhi was attacked by the enemies two times. Once it was in 1299, next, it was in 1302. But he was ever ready with a standard and a strong army.

  • For the convenience of army people, Ala-ud-din Khalji constructed a new town called Siri.

  • For feeding the army, Ala-ud-din Khalji had charged taxes on houses, cattle, cultivation. This tax amount was paid to the army in the form of salaries.

  • The army people used this salary to purchase food and groceries. But this led to the rise in prices of groceries by the merchants.

  • So, Ala-ud-din Khalji kept strict rules on the prices of groceries, and the merchants could not exceed them. This led to a successful Administration of Ala-ud-din khalji after facing many challenges.

2. Describe the challenges of Tughlaqs.

Similar to Ala-ud-din Khalji, the Tughluq also faced several challenges. But he came with a new strategy. Instead of constructing a new garrison town, Tughluq had evacuated four old cities of Delhi after renovation. He kept additional taxes for feeding the military and introduced a token amount to get control over the prices. He did not keep any rules for controlling prices. Even though Tughluq tried several things to protect his army and country, nothing gave him fruitful results. Tughluq remained a failure, especially in administration.

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