New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 Notes History Chapter 2 - PDF Download
There were a lot of new dynasties that existed right after the seventh century came to an end. By the time this century came by, there were more warrior chiefs and landlords who ruled the various regions which were a part of the subcontinent. With the help of the Class 7 History Chapter 2 Notes, there is no doubt that students will be able to learn more about the new kingdoms and the kings that came after these kingdoms.
Important Topics Covered in This Chapter
The following is a list of the important topics that are included in this chapter.
New and Old Terminologies
Historians and their Sources
New Social and Political Groups
Region and Empire
Old and New Religions
Thinking about Time and Historical Periods
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1. Who were the 3 Parties that Became Involved in the Well-Known “Tripartite Struggle”.
The parties or dynasties that were involved in the well-known Tripartite Struggle were the Rashtrakuta, the Gurjar-Pratihara, and the Pala Dynasties. They were constantly under conflict deciding the rule over the City of Kanauj which is located in the Ganga Valley. Look for the New Kings and Kingdoms Class 7 notes for more information.
2. Who were the Samantas?
During the 7th Century, the Subcontinent was divided into various regions that had certain warrior chiefs and landlords. These people were known as the Samantas and they had the responsibility of funding the administration of the kingdom by providing resources and military support. However, with time the Samantas began overthrowing the kings.
3. What were the qualifications necessary to become a member of a committee of the sabha in the Chola Empire?
Working of the sabha in the Chola Empire as recorded in the Uttaramerur inscription is as follows:
The members of a sabha must be the owners of taxable land.
Should possess own house.
Have to be aged between 35 and 70 years.
Must know the Vedas.
Have to know administrative matters thoroughly and be honest.
Members of committees within the past 3 years cannot be a member of the committee again.
Those who don't submit their accounts cannot contest in the elections.
4. How did the Rashtrakutas become powerful?
The Rashtrakutas became powerful because:
Rashtrakutas were under the rule of the Chalukyas of Karnataka.
In the mid-700s, a Rashtrakuta chief named Dantidurga overthrew the Chalukyan overlord.
He carried out a ritual, Hiranya-garbha by taking help from the Brahmans.
This then went on to become the rebirth of the person as a Kshatriya, if he was not born as a Kshatriya.
5. What did the new dynasties do to gain acceptance?
The new kingdoms grew in power and wealth. Then, they proclaimed themselves as mahamandaleshwar or maha-samantas. Several of these kings gave themselves high sounding titles such as tribhuvana-chakravartin and maharaja-adhiraja. At the same time, they employed learned brahmins to legitimise themselves as valiant warriors. These activities are recorded in the Prashastis. They showcased their pomp and wealth by erecting huge monuments and temples.
6. How was the financial position-controlled in these states?
These states used to be intricately associated with the workers, merchants, and Brahmins. These resources were therefore usually obtained from the workers, cattle-keepers, or artisans who produced goods. They were forced to give away part of their produce to the state. These traders were compelled to pay taxes. The functionaries responsible for the collection of revenue were typically from influential families or were in close relation with the rulers.
7. What was the role of temples during the Chola kingdom?
The Chola kings such as Rajaraja I and Rajendra built the famous temples of Brihadeshwara and Ganaikonda-Chola Puram. Temples made up the nucleus of the settlements that came up in this period. They became the core of the production of crafts and controlled the economic aspects associated with them as well. Therefore, they ended up as not only religious centres but also as the centre of social, economic, and cultural activities as well.