NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 7 - Evolution
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NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 7 - Evolution
1. Explain Antibiotic Resistance Observed in Bacteria in Light of Darwinian Selection Theory.
Adaptations to a specific environment allow organisms to survive, according to Darwin. Bacteria that are sensitive to a particular antibiotic die when they come into contact with it. Some bacteria, however, develop resistance to the antibiotic when they have favourable mutations. Bacteria resistant to these types of bacteria can persist and multiply quickly after their competition is eliminated. As a result, the number of them grows. A member of the population may also inherit genes that confer resistance to others. Thus, bacterial people everywhere become resistant to antibiotics.
2 Find Out from Newspapers and Popular Science Articles Any Few Fossil Discoveries or Controversies About Evolution.
As per the Times of India- Chimps are more intelligent than humans:
In an experiment, researchers found that chimpanzees had greater evolutionary flexibility than humans. The human species is unquestionably more advanced than other species. Comparing 14,000 genes between humans and chimpanzees demonstrates that we humans have been more influenced by natural selection than our ape cousins.
Natural selection cannot explain why we have large brains and high intelligence. Chimpanzees and humans share a common ancestor, an ape, dating approximately 5 million years ago. As generations passed, their genes evolved to ensure future generations had the best chance of survival. In contrast, the findings of a US study indicate that humans possess a much lower number of positively selected genes than chimps.
3. Attempt Giving a Clear Definition of the Term Species.
Species are populations or groups of individuals capable of interbreeding and producing viable and fertile offspring.
4. Try to Trace the Various Components of Human Evolution (hint: Brain Size and Function, Skeletal Structure, Dietary Preference, Etc.)
Human evolution can be broken down into the following components:
1. Volume of the human brain
2. Structure of the skeleton
4. Preferences in terms of diet
5. Behavioral traits
Significant changes in morphology occurred in the ancestors of modern humans:
(1) Elevation and narrowing of the nose.
(2) Chin formation.
(3) Diminishing the brow ridges.
(4) The face becomes flattened.
(5) Less hair on the body.
(6) Curvature of the vertebral column to promote upright posture.
(7) Presence of a bowl that constitutes the pelvic girdle in support of the viscera.
(8) Height increases.
(9) Possessing an upright posture and moving bipedally.
(10) The rounding of the head and the enlargement of the head.
(11) Increase in brain size and intelligence.
(12) Broadening of the forehead and with vertical elevation
5. Find Out Through the Internet and Popular Science Articles Whether Animals Other Than Man Have Self-Consciousness.
The ability to introspectively determine one's relationships to the environment and other people remains an essential self-awareness component. All animals cannot have it, but human creatures do. Only humans have shown such a capacity from the many animals tested. Animals such as orangutans, chimpanzees, gorillas, bottlenose dolphins, elephants, orcas, bonobos, Rhesus macaques, and European magpies are examples. The Canidae family of animals, including dogs, show subtle displays of self-consciousness.
6. List 10 Modern-Day Animals and Using the Internet Resources Link it to a Corresponding Ancient Fossil. Name Both
7. Practice Drawing Various Animals and Plants.
Make these diagrams perfect by practising with a few plants and animals that seem relatively easy to draw. Teachers and parents can offer suggestions, or you might even try looking up simple animal or plant figures online.
8. Describe One Example of Adaptive Radiation.
A lineage or group of individuals evolves into various forms as a result of adaptive radiation. In addition to natural selection, resources and habitats also contribute to the evolution of these forms. The Galapagos Darwin finches may have a common ancestor but now have different beaks based on their food preferences. The different feeding habits and types of beaks these finches possess are due to their different eating habits. It has evolved from a seed-eating finch ancestor to become insectivorous, blood-sucking, and many other types of finches with varied diets.
9. Can We Call Human Evolution Adaptive Radiation?
There is no such thing as adaptive radiation in human evolution. One way to define adaptive radiation is that it occurs when new species evolve from one common ancestor. Even though we share an ancestor, human evolution has seen gradual but progressive changes in our bodies, eating habits, etc. Diversification into new species, a characteristic of adaptive radiation, is not part of human evolution.
10. Using Various Resources Such as Your School Library or the Internet and Discussions With Your Teacher, Trace the Evolutionary Stages of Any One Animal, Say Horse.
During the Eocene period, horses evolved from Eohippus. It involved the following evolutionary stages.
A trio of Eohippus, Mesohippus, Merychhippus, and Pliohippus led to the emergence of Equus.
Trends in evolutionary development:
(i) Increase in body weight.
(ii) Lengthening of the neck.
(iii) An increase in leg length.
(iv) Enlarging the third digit.
(v) Progressive reduction of lateral digits
(vi) More complex teeth to feed on grass
(vii) Strengthening of the back
(viii) Brain and sensory organ development
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 7 - Evolution
Download NCERT Solution of Class 12 Biology Chapter 7 Evolution
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NCERT Solution of Evolution Class 12 - Free PDF Download
Irrespective of how much a student knows and how hard he or she works, there are bound to be questions that students just don’t know the answer to. If you are in a similar situation, then how would you solve this problem?
Most students think about waiting for their school classes to start so that they can ask their teachers. Sadly, this is not always possible. This is why we at Vedantu offer a better alternative to students. We provide students with Class 12th Evolution NCERT solutions free pdf that help students to clear their basic concepts of the chapter.
Students can download Ch 7 Bio Class 12 NCERT solutions free pdf available on this page. And simply look up answers to questions that they might not be familiar with. Students can also use NCERT solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 7 Evolution to learn about the correct format for answering questions in the final examination.
Class 12 Chapter 7 Biology Evolution
Evolution 12th NCERT is a chapter that deals with the topic of evolution. The chapter begins on a note that introduces students to the wonders that must have happened for all of us to reach here.
In the Evolution Chapter of Class 12th, students learn about various theories of evolution. Darwin’s theory of evolution is also discussed. All in all, this chapter makes for a very interesting read and learning session.
Marks Weightage of NCERT Biology Class 12 Chapter 7 PDF
Evolution Chapter Class 12 falls under unit seven. This unit is worth 18 marks and is very important for students to learn. Every single year, many questions are asked from this unit. And those questions tend to range in terms of their marks and the type of questions that are asked from students.
Hence, it is recommended that students should download the Evolution Class 12 pdf from Vedantu. This will allow students to score better marks.
Benefits of NCERT Solutions of Chapter 7 Biology Class 12
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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What are Species?
Species can be defined as the population or group of individuals that have the potential to interbreed. These individuals can produce fertile and sustainable offspring in this manner.
2. What are the various components of human evolution?
The various components of human evolution are mentioned below.
Size of the brain
3. What is the meaning of adaptive radiation?
Adaptive radiation is a phenomenon in which members of the same species evolve into different forms and beings.
4. Can human evolution be termed as adaptive radiation?
No. Adaptive radiation is a process that results in new species. This was not the case in regard to human evolution.