The chapter Discovering Tut - The Saga Continues by A.R. Williams is about the last heir to the great Pharaoh Dynasty of Egypt, Tutankhamun and his gold-gilded tomb. The death of Tutankhamun at only seventeen years of age who had already ruled for nine years remains a mystery till date. Discovering Tut The Saga Continues chapter talks about the various possibilities of his death. Discovering Tut Class 11 will give you an insight into the earlier Egyptian life, culture, and beliefs.
In Discovering Tut The Saga Continues Class 11, Tut, who later changed his name to Tutankhamun was the last heir to the powerful dynasty which ruled Egypt for several years. He died in his late teens, at the age of seventeen. His death is a mystery unsolved to date. Some speculate that it was murder while others think of other probabilities. Tutankhamun was buried and forgotten with the passage of time until in 1922 his tomb was discovered by Howard Carter, an archaeologist.
80 years later to Howard Carter's discovery of the tomb, in January 2005, at 6 pm, the mummy of Tutankhamun was taken for a CT scan. This was done to reconstruct his death mystery through forensic and medical procedures. He had died more than 3300 years ago and was buried in a royal grave in the Valley of the Kings.
Carter found that the tomb was in the richest royal collection ever found. It has beautiful golden artefacts, board games, bronze razor, cases for food and wine, linen undergarments in its possession. Basically, there was everything which the ruler would need in his afterlife. These were his funeral treasures. Later he began investigating the three nested coffins of Tut. The first coffin had Tutankhamun’s shroud covered with garlands of olive leaves, wild celery, lotus petals and cornflowers which indicated that he was buried in March or April.
Carter has a lot of problem in loosening the resin that held the king’s shroud to the bottom of the coffin. It held the body extremely tightly. Carter tried using the hot sun of Egypt for loosening the resin but even heating to 149 degrees of Fahrenheit would not help it melt. He had no other option but to cut the mummy from under the limbs and trunk otherwise thieves would rob it of its gold.
Archaeologists stated that advanced technology enabled them to examine the mummy more accurately. In 1968 a professor of anatomy discovered that the breastbone and front ribs of Tutankhamun were missing.
King Tutankhamun’s demise brought an end to his lineage. It was a great event in history. Amenhotep III, Tut’s father or grandfather Amenhotep III, was an extremely powerful Pharaoh who ruled over a period of 40 years. His descendant Amenhotep IV had initiated a strange period in the history of Egypt. He changed his name to Akhenaten or the servant of Aten, the sun god. He promoted the worship of Sun God. He moved the religious capital from Thebes to the new city of Akhetaten known as Amama. He attacked God Amun and smashed his temples and idols. It was a terrible time for people of the kingdom. During his later years, he had somewhat lost his sanity. A mysterious ruler called Smenkhkare ruled barely for sometime thereafter which the young ruler Tutankhamen assumed the throne.
The Egyptian Mummy Project has listed down more than 600 mummies and is still counting. Tut was one of the first mummies to be scanned to discover the mystery of his death.
While working on the scan of the mummy, the scanner had abruptly stopped working. Technicians assumed that it was the curse of the dead. After using spare fans for some time the scan was made possible. After producing an image of the dead king he was laid back in his coffin in the Valley of the Kings. He rested under the Orion constellation, the soul of Osiris or god of the afterlife.
So, this was a precise and short summary of Discovering Tuts. The Discovering Tut summary deals with the Egyptian pharaoh, Tutankhamun’s demise. The Egyptian culture, lifestyle and beliefs are evident from the narration by A.R. Williams. Discovering Tut summary Class 11 also talks about the curse on Tutankhamun’s tomb.
1. How Did Nature Seem to Echo the Unnatural Happening of Taking Out Tutankhamun’s Tomb From Rest?
Ans: As King Tut was taken out from his resting place in the ancient Egyptian cemetery, the Valley of the Kings, dark-bellied clouds hovered across the desert sky all day, the clouds veiled the stars in grey. It seemed that the wind was angry and had roused the dust devils. Nature seemed to echo with the unnatural happening of pulling out the dead resting King from his grave.
2. What Were the Treasures Found in the Coffin and Why Were They There?
Ans: King Tutankhamun’s coffin was filled with precious collars, inlaid necklaces and bracelets, rings, amulets, a ceremonial apron, sandals, sheaths for his fingers and toes, and his inner coffin and mask, all of which were made of pure gold. There was a bronze razor, linen undergarments, board games, caskets of food and wine. The Egyptians believed that there was an afterlife after death. They thought that they would be needing all their necessities and riches in their afterlife and hence was buried with all of it.
3. Who was Howard Carter? What did he Find? How did he Conclude That the King was Buried in March-April?
Ans: Howard Carter was a British archaeologist who had discovered Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922. He concluded that it was the richest royal collection ever and had stunning artefacts of gold. He concluded that the coffin was buried in the months of March-April since he found the shroud decorated with garlands of willow and olive leaves, wild celery, lotus petals and cornflowers, which grew only in the months of March-April.