The story ‘The Adventure’, by Jayant Narlikar, deals with the story of Professor Gangadharpant Gaitonde who is a historian and protagonist of the story. He time travels and imagines the fate of India if the Marathas had not allowed the concession to the East India Company to stay in Mumbai. According to him, this was a great mistake of the Marathas. The Adventure summary Class 11 transitions from one historical world to another. It is a chapter with a perfect juxtaposition of history and science.
The Adventure Class 11 Summary explains the chapter briefly and gives you an insight into the author’s thoughts on Indian history through the protagonist’s views.
Historian and Professor Mr Gandharpant Gaitonde time travel into the past. He finds himself in the city of Bombay which he had never been to.
He finds it very different from the present Bombay or Mumbai. Professor gets down at a surprisingly clean Victoria Terminus Station. The coaches of the trains had “Greater Bombay Metropolitan Railway’ written on them. The staff were Anglo-Indians, Parsees and a handful of British officers.
After getting off the station, the professor saw a building with ‘East India House Headquarters Of The East India Company’. While walking on the Hornby Road, he saw that there were other British brand shops, British banks. There was no Handloom House building. It resembled a typical high street of a town in England.
His son’s workplace Forbes was not where it was supposed to be. He inquired at the reception to look for his son Mr Vinay Gaitonde. The receptionist said that no man worked there with that name. To solve this confusion, he went to the Library to read about the battle of Panipat. He ordered five books and decided to go through them to know what happened. The facts he read were completely different from the known facts. He read that the British never made it to India. According to the fifth volume of ‘Bhausahebbanchi Bakhar’, the Marathas had won the battle of Panipat and spread their influence all over the country post which India moved to the path of democracy. This was extremely surprising but the professor started to like these facts since according to these India was no longer the slave of white men and a country standing on its own feet.
After visiting the library the professor got in a fight with the audience at the Azad Maidan and they started to throw objects like tomatoes, eggs, at him. They pushed him away and he was then lying unconscious on the Azad Maidan.
He had come out of his time travel. He woke up and found himself in a hospital bed and saw Professor Rajendra Deshpande in front of him. He narrated the whole sequence of events that took place with him and Rajendra astonishingly listened to him. Mr Deshpande was confused. It was not sure if Mr Gaitonde had been in a coma for the past two days or not.
Professor Deshpande explained that it can have happened because of two theories or possibilities – The Catastrophe theory and The lack of determinism in Quantum theory. Catastrophe theory states that a small change in any situation in personal life can result in a behaviour change. In reality, the Marathas lost their leader – Bhausaheb and Vishwarao and hence they lost the battle. But the Professor imagined that the bullet missed and Vishwarao was not dead.
Professor Gaitonde then showed him the torn page of Bakhar’s book that he had in his pocket. Professor Rajendra read it carefully and told him that realities can be different for different people. He concluded that Professor Gaitonde had a catastrophic experience.
Professor Rajendra told him that the path of electrons cannot be predicted and it is the lack of determinism in Quantum theory and explained to Professor Gaitonde what it meant. In one world, the electron may be found here and in another, it may be found in another place. There are different locations for different worlds. If the observer knows about the accurate placing of the electrons in every world, an alternative world may exist at the same time.
Hence Professor Giantonde was in an Alternative world for the past two days. During the time he collided with a truck he was thinking about the catastrophe theory and its significance in war. He also thought about the battle of Panipat and hence his mind triggered these thoughts.
The Adventure Class 11 explanation deals with the time-travelling of Professor Gaitonde to a different time in history and the possible reasons for this to happen. Adventure Class 11 summary is a beautiful lesson dealing with both history and science.
1. ‘A Single Event May Change the Course of the History of a Nation.’- Discuss the Line from Adventure Summary.
Ans: A single event may change the course of the history of a nation. If the Battle of Panipat was won by the Marathas, The course of history would change and lead to a different shape of India. British rule would end in India and it would soon become a democratic nation. People would no longer be slaves under the white man. India would be self-dependent and self-sufficient.
2. What is the Catastrophe Theory? How do you Apply this to the Battle of Panipat?
Ans: According to the catastrophe theory, a small change in circumstances can suddenly bring a shift in the behaviour. If we apply this theory to the battle of Panipat, we will observe that the Marathas had lost both their leaders – Viswas Rao and Bhausaheb. The death of these two leaders leads to the loss of their morals. They lost the battle. The repercussion was that the British took over the rule in India.
3. Who was Vinay Gaitonde in the Summary of the Chapter The Adventure?
Ans: Vinay Gaitonde was the son of Professor Gandharpant Gaitondes’s son. He worked in Forbes building. Professor Gaitonde was a Historian.