Class 12 NCERT Books for Chemistry Free PDF Download
NCERT is an autonomous organization that is responsible for setting the curriculum of CBSE schools across the nation, and their textbooks are used by students all over the country for the Class 12 board exams and competitive exams alike. The Chemistry NCERT Book Class 12 is and invaluable resource for students as it covers all the key concepts as prescribed in the CBSE Class 12 Chemistry syllabus.
Vedantu presents the Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Book Free PDF download for those who are preparing for the upcoming Class 12 CBSE board exams. The NCERT Books PDF for Class 12 Chemistry can be downloaded by visiting Vedantu.com.
NCERT Books for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry
Chemistry paves the path to a better world by bringing revolutionary innovations in different fields every year such as those ranging from genetic engineering to medicine, pharmacology, toxicology and beyond. Sometimes referred to as the core of all sciences as it helps them (Physics, Biology and Maths) connect with each other.
Preparing for your Class 12 CBSE board exams? Well, you'd be glad to know that our CBSE NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Book PDF download will help you in your academic journey. From covering topics such as Chemical Kinetics and Surface Chemistry from the very beginning to Amines, Polymers and beyond, the topics inscribed in the NCERT Chemistry Book Class 12 PDF are designed in a chapterwise format, thus ensuring you get a comprehensive revision, step-by-step. The concepts are explained concisely and simplified for easy understanding so that students grasp them quickly but effectively. Below given are the chapter wise details of Class 12 Chemistry NCERT Books.
Chapter 1 – Solid State
This is the first chapter of the Chemistry book for class 12 students. This chapter introduces students to the concept of the solid state. The various topics covered in this chapter are General Characteristics of Solid State, Amorphous and Crystalline Solids and the classification of crystalline solids. Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells, the number of Atoms in a Unit Cell, Close-Packed Structures, Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions, the imperfection in solids, and many other topics. Besides covering these concepts, the chapter also answers some important questions regarding this subject.
Chapter 2 – Solutions
This chapter is dedicated to Solutions and holds about 5 marks in the exams. Hence students must pay careful attention to the topic while studying. The chapter discusses the types of solutions, the concentration of solutions, the solubility of solids and gases in a liquid, the vapour pressure of liquid solutions, Raoult’s law, the ideal and non-ideal solutions, the colligative properties and the determination of molar masses. This chapter also helps students understand the concept of molarity, molality and mole fraction of solutions, Henry’s law constant, mass percentage, and many more other topics. There are solutions that will help students understand the topics in a better way.
Chapter 3 – Electrochemistry
This chapter speaks all about electrochemistry. The topics covered in this chapter include Electrochemical Cells, Galvanic Cells, all about Nernst Equation, the conductance of Electrolytic Solutions, Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis, batteries, fuel cells, and corrosion. After completing the chapter, students will be able to describe an electrochemical cell and also differentiate between galvanic and electrolytic cells. Students will also be able to define the standard potential of the cell and also learn the application of the Nernst equation for calculating the emf of a galvanic cell. There is a questions and answers section at the end of the chapter to help students master the concept.
Chapter 4 – Chemical Kinetics
The topics covered in this 4th chapter of the NCERT Chemistry book are – the rate of a Chemical Reaction, the Factors Influencing the Rate of a Reaction, Integrated Rate Equations, Pseudo First Order Reaction, Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction, and many more. The chapter also explains the three types of chemical reactions - Instantaneous reactions, moderately slow reactions, and slow reactions. There is also a question-answer column that provides the answers to some important questions related to chemical kinetics. Students can go through it to clear doubts if any.
Chapter 5 – Surface Chemistry
This chapter on surface chemistry discusses important concepts like adsorption, catalysis, and colloids. After completing a thorough study on this chapter, students shall know how to describe the interfacial phenomenon and know its significance, define the concept of adsorption and classify it into the two types - physical and chemical adsorption, explain how adsorption works and name the factors that control adsorption from gases and solutions on solids, know the role of catalysts in the industry, describe the preparation, properties, and purification of colloids in details, know and much more. The questions-answers segment is also very helpful for the students.
Chapter 6 – Isolation of Elements
The 6th chapter deals with the study of isolation of elements and includes the study of a lot of concepts. After a brief on the Principles Isolation of Elements, the chapter goes on to discuss topics like the occurrence of metals, concentration of ores, the process of Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore, the Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy, the Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy, the process of refining, the process of oxidation and reduction, and the uses of aluminium, Copper, iron, and Zinc. There are answers to some important questions regarding the subject at the end of the chapter.
Chapter 7 – The p-Block Elements
The chapter on p-block Elements discusses the following topics – ammonia, chlorine, dinitrogen, Dioxygen, Phosphorus — Allotropic Forms, Phosphorus Halides, Phosphine, Oxoacids of Phosphorus, oxoacids of sulphur, ozone, simple oxides, oxoacids of halogens, interhalogen compounds, group 15, group 16, group 17, and group 18 elements. The chapter also tells students that the most abundant element on earth is oxygen and it forms 46.6 per cent by mass of earth’s crust. There is also an important segment of questions and answers in the book that helps students master the topics.
Chapter 8 – D and F Block Elements
The 8th chapter helps the students grasp the fundamentals of the D and F Block elements in a much simpler and effective way. In this chapter, students shall first learn about electronic configuration, the occurrence and general characteristics of transition elements with special emphasis on the trends in the properties of the first row (3d) transition metals, and also the preparation and properties of some important compounds. The next part will be followed by consideration of certain aspects like electronic configurations, chemical reactivity of the inner transition metals, and oxidation states. There is a Q&A section too.
Chapter 9 – Coordination Compounds
The 9th chapter of the book deals with the study of coordination compounds. All the concepts and solutions have been explained in a really nice and easy manner for a quick understanding of the students. The topics covered in this chapter are compounds, Bonding in Coordination Compounds, Bonding in Metal Carbonyls, Isomerism in Coordination Compounds, the definitions of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination, the importance and Applications of Coordination Compound, among a few others. There is also a question and answer section that brings up some important concepts and discusses it for the ease of the students.
Chapter 10 – Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
The 10th chapter of NCERT Class 12 Chemistry deals with the study of haloalkanes and haloarenes. This is the study of important methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties and uses of organohalogen compounds. In this chapter, students will be able to name haloalkanes and haloarenes according to the IUPAC system of nomenclature, describe the reactions involved in the preparation of haloalkanes and haloarenes, and understand the various reactions that they undergo. Students shall also be able to appreciate the applications of organo-metallic compounds, correlate the structures of haloalkanes and haloarenes with various types of reactions, highlight the environmental effects of polyhalogen compounds, and use stereochemistry as a tool for understanding the reaction mechanism.
Chapter 11 – Alcohol, Phenols, and Ethers
After completing this chapter on alcohol phenols and ethers, students shall be able to write the names of alcohols, phenols, and ethers according to the IUPAC system of nomenclature. They shall also know the physical properties of ethers, phenols and alcohols, the reactions involved in the process of making alcohol from alcohols, Phenols and Ethers, the reaction for the preparation of ethers from alcohols, alkyl halides and sodium alkoxides, and the reactions involved in the preparation of phenols from benzene sulphonic acids, haloarenes, cumene and from diazonium salts. The exercise will help students in practising the structures and formulas from aldehydes ketones and carboxylic acids.
Chapter 12 – Aldehydes Ketones Carboxylic Acids
After completing the chapter, students will be able to write IUPAC names and common names of ketones, aldehydes, and carboxylic acids. They shall also be able to define the structures of the compounds containing functional groups of carboxyl and carbonyl groups, name the various factors that affect the acidity of carboxylic acids and their reactions, and list the physical properties and chemical reactions of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids with their structures. Students shall also learn the uses of Carboxylic Acids and the Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones.
Chapter 13 – Amines
This chapter on Amines teaches students what amines are and how they are obtained. The chapter also discusses the structure of Amines, the classification, and nomenclature preparation of Amines along with the Physical Properties and Chemical Reactions. The chapter also discusses diazonium salts, its method of preparation, its physical properties, chemical reactions, and its importance in the Synthesis of aromatic compounds. The chapter also explains how primary and secondary amines are formed. The Q&A section answers important questions on the topics to help students understand the concepts better.
Chapter 14 – Biomolecules
The 14th chapter of the NCERT Chemistry book for class 12 students deals with biomolecules. The chapter explains what biomolecules are and how they interact with each other and constitute the molecular logic of life processes. The structures and functions of some of these biomolecules are also discussed in the chapter. After completing the chapter, students will be able to explain the characteristics of some biomolecules like carbohydrates, hormones, proteins, and nucleic acids, describe the role of biomolecules in bio-system, classify carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins, and vitamins based on their structures, and explain the difference between DNA and RNA.
Chapter 15 – Polymers
This chapter deals with the study of polymers. This chapter helps students classify polymers based on their molecular forces, list the types of polymerization, explain the terms Monomer, Polymer, Polymerisation, classify polymers based on the source and based on the structure, The chapter also discusses everything about Biodegradable Polymers and the polymers of Commercial Importance. The question and answer segment discusses important questions related to the topics so that students can study them and clear their doubts.
Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Everyday Life
The last chapter of the book discusses an important concept – chemistry in everyday life. The following topics are discussed in the chapter: Drugs and their classifications, Drug Target Interaction: Enzymes and Receptors as drug targets. The chapter also discusses the Therapeutic Action of different classes of drugs like Antacids, Antimicrobials, Neurologically Active Drugs, etc., the chemicals in food like artificial Sweetening Agents, Food Preservatives, etc., Cleansing Agents like Soaps, Synthetic Detergents, etc. The questions and answers segment would help students get answers to some important questions that could prove beneficial in the exams.
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