Class 12 NCERT Books for Physics Free PDF Download
An autonomous organization that designs the syllabus for the Class 12 CBSE board exams, the NCERT textbooks are used extensively by students and CBSE schools all across the nation.
A perfect guide makes for perfect exam preparation, and the NCERT Physics Book of Class 12 is nothing short of that. Remarkably detailed with chapters and concepts laid out lucidly, the NCERT Books Free Download PDF Class 12 Physics provides students with a thorough revision for their CBSE Class 12 Physics board exams by simplifying concepts and making them extremely easy to grasp. The Class 12 CBSE NCERT Physics Book PDF download explains concepts in a chapterwise format, thus leaving no stone unturned where preparing for the CBSE board examinations are concerned.
The Class 12 Physics CBSE NCERT Free PDF Download is primarily designed for students who are preparing for their upcoming Class 12 CBSE board exams. You can access the NCERT Books Download for Class 12 Physics in free PDF download by simply signing up on our website.
NCERT Books for CBSE Class 12 Physics
Physics is basically the study of the universe and encompasses the way the world works and analyzing its inner layers. Studying physics will help you get a deeper understanding of how things work around you, from electric circuits to magnetism and the everyday nuances of light and sound. If you're pursuing a career in the sciences, then studying Physics is of paramount importance and a necessity.
The Vedantu Class 12 CBSE NCERT Physics Book PDF download enables you to study the books on which the internal and annual question papers of CBSE exams are based. You can rest assured that only material that is relevant to the latest prescribed CBSE syllabus is included. Also, if you work through these books, you will be able to tackle competitive exams like the IIT-JEE, NEET and other college entrance tests since NCERT material is referenced in those exams as well. Below given are the chapter wise details for Class 12 Physics NCERT Books.
Chapter 1 – Electric Charges and Fields
In this chapter, students are explained all about electric charges and fields. In this chapter students will be explained the reason behind the charge appearing in materials due to rubbing against each other and why the quantization of charge is ignored when it comes to large scale charges. Some of the topics covered in this chapter are conductors and insulators, basic properties of electric charge, forces between multiple charges, electric field and field lines, electric flux, electric dipole, continuous charge distribution, and many more. A few important questions related to the theories are also explained.
Chapter 2 – Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
This chapter is important in Physics and carries good marks weightage in board examinations. Some of the topics covered in this chapter are relation between field and potential, potential energy of a system of charges, potential energy in an external field, potential energy of a single charge, potential energy of a dipole in an external field, electrostatics of conductors, capacitors and capacitance, effect of dielectric on capacitance, combination of capacitors, capacitors in series, capacitors in parallel, among the many others. Many important questions related to the subject are also answered in this chapter.
Chapter 3 – Current Electricity
The third chapter of the book speaks about current electricity. Some of the topics covered in the book are electric current and Electric Currents In Conductors, Drift Of Electrons And The Origin Of Resistivity, Resistivity Of Various Materials, mobility, Temperature Dependence Of Resistivity, Combination Of Resistors – Series And Parallel, Cells In Series And In Parallel, Cells, Emf, Internal Resistance, Ohm’s law, Kirchhoff’s Rules, meter bridge, potentiometer, among many others. Important questions related to the subject have also been answered in this chapter that will help students learn the concepts well.
Chapter 4 – Moving Charges and Magnetism
In the 4th chapter of class 12 NCERT physics book, students are taught the concepts of moving charges and magnetism. Many important topics are covered in this chapter that is crucial for board examinations and competitive exams alike. Some of the important topics covered in this chapter are magnetic force and field, motion in a magnetic field and motion in combined electric and magnetic fields, cyclotron, magnetic field due to a current element and magnetic field on the axis of a circular current loop, and some other topics too. Important questions related to the subject have been answered in this chapter to clear the doubts of students.
Chapter 5 – Magnetism and Matter
After a brief introduction of the subject of magnetism, this chapter delves into the study of magnetism and matter. This chapter covers important topics like magnetic field lines, the bar magnet, electrostatic analog, the earth’s magnetism, and magnetic intensity, the magnetic properties of materials. The chapter also perfectly explains what magnetism and matter are all about and how they are related. The chapter also explains how much torque is required for turning a magnet so that its magnetic moment is at a certain alignment with the field and provides many other examples too.
Chapter 6 – Electromagnetic Induction
The 6th chapter of the book is dedicated to magnetism and electricity. Some of the topics covered in this chapter are the Experiments of Faraday and Henry, magnetic flux, Lenz’s Law And Conservation Of Energy, Motional Electromotive Force, Eddy Currents, Inductance, A Quantitative Study on Energy Consideration, inductance – mutual and self-inductance. Eddy currents, AC generator, among the many other topics. Numerical problems from these concepts are often part of board examinations and competitive examinations. So students must pay special attention while studying this chapter.
Chapter 7 – Alternating Current
The 7th chapter of NCERT Physics for Class 12 deals with Alternating Current and is a crucial chapter. It discusses a lot of concepts and is important for the students to follow. Some of the concepts discussed in this chapter are Ac Voltage Applied To A Resistor, Ac Voltage Applied To An Inductor, Ac Voltage Applied To A Capacitor, Ac Voltage Applied To A Series Lcr Circuit, Representation Of Ac Current And Voltage By Rotating Vectors, transformers, Lc Oscillations, and some other topics too. Apart from these concepts, the chapter also mentions key points to remember and answers some important questions too.
Chapter 8 – Electromagnetic Waves
Students of Class 12 who are studying physics must pay special attention to this chapter since at least one question is mandatory from this chapter in the board examinations. After explaining the concept of electromagnetism and electromagnetic waves, the chapter moves on to discuss Displacement Current, electromagnetic spectrum concepts like radio waves, infrared waves, microwaves, ultraviolet rays, x-rays, gamma rays, visible rays, and much more. The chapter also teaches students to determine the RMS value of the conduction current and analyze the similarities between conduction current and displacement current.
Chapter 9 – Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
The 9th chapter of the NCERT Physics for Class 12 book discusses Ray Optics and Optical Instruments. This is a chapter that holds a lot of importance because it carries a good amount of marks in the examinations. In this chapter, students shall study the phenomena of reflection, refraction, and dispersion of light by using the ray picture of light. Students shall also study the image formation by plane and spherical reflecting and refracting surfaces by following the basic laws of reflection and refraction. Students shall also learn about the working mechanism of a lot of optical instruments.
Chapter 10 – Wave Optics
This is a chapter that is entirely dedicated to wave optics. The topics covered in this chapter are Huygens Principle, Refraction And Reflection Of Plane Waves, Refraction At A Rarer Medium, The Doppler Effect, Interference Of Light Waves And Young’s Experiment, Resolving Power Of Optical Instruments, Diffraction, The Validity Of Ray Optics, Polarisation by Scattering and by Reflection, The Single Slit, among the many others. The chapter also has questions and answers to some important concepts that might prove helpful during exams. From this chapter, derivation, the theory, and numerical problems from various topics are questioned in the exams.
Chapter 11 – Dual Nature of Radiation Matter
Physics is an important subject for all science students of class 12 and hence they must pay careful attention to the subject. The 11th chapter deals with the Dual Nature of Radiation Matter and is an important subject. The topics covered in this chapter are electron emission, Photoelectric Effect, the Experimental Study Of Photoelectric Effect, Photoelectric Effect And Wave Theory Of Light Ex, Particle Nature Of Light, Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation, the Wave Nature Of Matter, among the others. The chapter also covers some other important topics and answers questions to many important concepts.
Chapter 12 – Atoms
The 12th chapter of the book is dedicated to atoms and here, students are taught about advanced concepts of atoms, Rutherford’s model, Paschen series of spectral lines, and many more. The other topics covered are Alpha-Particle Scattering, Alpha-particle trajectory, Spectral series, atomic spectra, Electron orbits, energy levels, Bohr Model Of The Hydrogen Atom, The Line Spectra Of The Hydrogen Atom, energy levels, and De Broglie’s Explanation Of Bohr’s Second Postulate Of Quantisation. There is a questions and answers section in the book that will help students clear the doubts of the topics.
Chapter 13 – Nuclei
After covering atoms in the previous chapter, the 13th chapter covers the subject of Nuclei. The topics covered in this chapter include Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus, the size of the nucleus, nuclear force, Mass-energy And Nuclear Binding Energy, radioactivity, law of radioactive decay, gamma decay, beta decay, alpha decay, nuclear energy, nuclear reactor, fission, nuclear fission, Controlled thermonuclear fusion, and many more. All the questions and answers are prepared by experts and follow the NCERT guidelines and the latest CBSE syllabus too. The questions and answers have been specially designed to meet the study requirements of students.
Chapter 14 – Semiconductor Electronic: Material, Devices, and Simple Circuits
The 14th chapter of the NCERT Books Class 12 Physics includes topics such as Classification Of Metals, Conductors And Semiconductors, Extrinsic and intrinsic Semiconductors, p-n Junction formation, p-n junction diode under forward and reverse bias, Application Of Junction Diode As A Rectifier, Junction Transistor, Special Purpose P-n Junction Diodes, Basic transistor circuit configurations and transistor characteristics, Feedback amplifier and transistor oscillator, Digital Electronics And Logic Gates, and many more topics. There are questions based on calculating output frequency of a half wave and full wave rectifier and finding the input signal and base current of a CE-Transistor amplifier, etc too.
Chapter 15 – Communication Systems
The last chapter of the book discusses the various communication systems like internet, television, radio, etc. The topics covered in this chapter include Elements Of A Communication System, Bandwidth Of Signals, Propagation Of Electromagnetic Waves, the Size of the antenna or aerial, effective power radiated by an antenna, Amplitude Modulation, Production Of Amplitude Modulated Wave, the necessity of modulation, and other topics related to communications too. Important questions related to these concepts have been answered at the end of the chapter to help the students understand the chapter concepts better.
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