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Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Science Matter in Our Surroundings 2024-25

Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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CBSE Class 9 Science Chapter-1 Important Questions - Free PDF Download

Chapter 1 of science in class 9 talks about matters of our surroundings. Many students consider science as a difficult and challenging subject as they face difficulty in understanding the concepts and theories of this subject. The best way to overcome this problem is to start practising Class 9 Science chapter 1 important questions. Solving these questions regularly will help the students to improve their skills on this subject. Thus, scoring good marks in the exams becomes easy for them. Matter in our surroundings class 9 important questions guides students in their preparation to make them efficient. Vedantu is a platform that provides free CBSE Solutions (NCERT) and other study materials for students. Maths Students who are looking for the better solutions, they can download Class 9 Maths NCERT Solutions to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

Download CBSE Class 9 Science Important Questions 2024-25 PDF

Also, check CBSE Class 9 Science Important Questions for other chapters:

CBSE Class 9 Science Important Questions


Chapter No

Chapter Name


Chapter 1

Matter in Our Surroundings


Chapter 2

Is Matter Around Us Pure


Chapter 3

Atoms and Molecules


Chapter 4

Structure of Atom


Chapter 5

The Fundamental Unit of Life


Chapter 6



Chapter 7

Diversity in Living Organisms


Chapter 8



Chapter 9

Force and Laws of Motion


Chapter 10



Chapter 11

Work and Energy


Chapter 12



Chapter 13

Why Do We Fall ill


Chapter 14

Natural Resources


Chapter 15

Improvement in Food Resources

Important Questions of Ch 1 Science Class 9 - Free PDF Download

Very Short Answer Questions 1 Mark 

1. Which of the following matter? 

Chair, air, love, smell, hate, almonds, thought, cold, cold drink, the smell of perfume. 

Ans: As we can define matter as any ‘physical substance’, hence almonds,  air, chair, the smell of perfume, cold drink and smell can be considered as matter. 

2. Convert the following temperature to a Celsius scale: 

i) The temperature is 300 K. 

Ans: When we use: K = 273 + ⁰C:

                                  ⁰C = K - 273

                                        = 300 - 273

                                        = 27⁰C

ii) The temperature is 573 K 

Ans: When we use: K = 273 + ⁰C:

                                  ⁰C = 573 - 273

                                       = 300 ⁰C

3. What is the physical state of water at:  

(a) A temperature of 250 ⁰C 

Ans: The boiling point of water is 100 ⁰C, hence the physical state of water at 250⁰C will be gaseous.

(b) A temperature of 100 ⁰C 

Ans: The boiling point of water is 100 ⁰C, hence at 100 ⁰C water is in the gaseous state. 

4. For any substance, why does the temperature remain constant during the change of state? 

Ans: The reason behind the temperature of substance or matter remaining constant during a change of state is that during the change of state all of the heat or energy provided to particles of matter is utilized to take the particles of matter apart from each other. 

5. Suggest a method to liquefy atmospheric gases. 

Ans: One method to liquefy atmospheric gases is to decrease the temperature and increase the pressure. 

6. Arrange the following substances in increasing order of forces of attraction between the particles— water, sugar, and oxygen. 

Ans: The order of increasing forces of attraction between the particles is as  follows: 

Oxygen< water< sugar.


7. What is the physical state of water at- 

(a) A temperature of 25 ⁰C? 

Ans: The physical state of water at 25 ⁰C is liquid. 

(b) A temperature of ⁰C? 

Ans: The physical state of water at ⁰C is solid. 

(c) A temperature of 100⁰C? 

Ans: The physical state of water at 100⁰C is gas.

8. If the humidity in the air increase then the rate of evaporation: 

(a) decrease 

(b) increase 

(c) remain same 

(d) both (b) and (a) depending upon the temperature  

Ans: The correct option is (a) decrease. 

9. Which of the following statements is correct? 

(a) boiling is a bulk phenomenon and evaporation is a surface phenomenon (b) boiling is a surface phenomenon and evaporation is a bulk phenomenon (c) boiling and evaporation both are a surface phenomenon 

(d) boiling and surface both are bulk phenomenon 

Ans: The correct option is (a) boiling is a bulk phenomenon and evaporation is a  surface phenomenon. 

10. If the temperature of a place is increase then evaporation: 

(a) decrease 

(b) increase 

(c) remain same 

(d) none of the above  

Ans: The correct option is (b) increase. 

11. Which of the following has the least inter atomic spacing? 

(a) solid 

(b) liquid 

(c) gases 

(d) plasma  

Ans: The correct option is (a), solid.


12. If you decrease the surface area and increase the temperature, then the  rate of evaporation 

(a) increase 

(b) decrease 

(c) remain same 

(d) may increase or decrease depending upon other factors 

Ans: The correct option is (c), remain the same. 

13. What will be the corresponding temperature in degree centigrade for 300 K:  

(a) 30 ⁰C 

(b) 300 ⁰C 

(c) 27 ⁰C 

(d) 673 ⁰C 

Ans: The correct option is (c), 27 ⁰C. 

14. Liquid to gas and gas to liquid changes are called: 

(a) vaporization and condensation 

(b) condensation and vaporization 

(c) sublimation and condensation 

(d) condensation and sublimation  

Ans: The correct option will be (a), vaporization and condensation. 

15. Physical state of water at is respectively 

(a) liquid, solid, and gas 

(b) solid, liquid, and gas 

(c) solid, gas, and liquid 

(d) gas, solid, and liquid

Ans: The correct option is (a), liquid, solid and gas. 

Short Answer Questions                                                   2 Marks 

1. Give reasons for the following observation: 

The smell of hot sizzling food reaches you several meters away, but to get the smell from cold food you have to go close. 

Ans: When it is a higher temperature the diffusion rate (movement) of particles will be very fast when compared to the diffusion rate of particles at a lower temperature and since the temperature of hot sizzling food is higher than cold food, the smell of hot sizzling food will be reaching us from several meters away. 

2. The mass per unit volume of a substance is called density. (density = mass/volume). 

Arrange the following in order of increasing density – air, exhaust from chimneys, honey, water, chalk, cotton, and iron. 

Ans: The correct order of increasing densities of the substances is as follows: Air < exhaust from chimneys< cotton< water< honey< chalk< iron. 

3. Liquids generally have a lower density as compared to solids. But you must have observed that ice floats on water. Find out why. 

Ans: Ice floats on the water since there is a large empty space inside the 3D structure of ice due to which it becomes less in weight as compared to water and can float on water. 

4. Why does a desert cooler cool better on a hot dry day? 

Ans: In a desert cooler, when hot air enters through the straw mates it evaporates the water at a fast rate because the rate of evaporation is faster on a hot dry day.  And because of the faster evaporation rate, it cools the air more conveniently than on a dry hot day. 

5. How does the water kept in an earthen pot (matka) become cool during summer? 

Ans: Evaporation happens through the small pores on it causing a cooling effect, in an earthen pot. Therefore water kept in an earthen pot becomes cool during summer because of continuous evaporation. 

6. Why does our palm feel cold when we put some acetone or petrol or perfume on it? 

Ans: As a perfume, petrol and perfume are volatile liquids, if put on our palm they will be absorbing heat from our palm and cause cooling. 

7. Why are we able to sip hot tea or milk faster from a saucer rather than a  cup? 

Ans: When we use a saucer instead of a cup the surface for evaporation to occur will be increased resulting in faster evaporation of particles of tea or milk and allowing it to cool faster and taking a sip becomes easier. 

8. What type of clothes should we wear in summer? 

Ans: We must wear the type of clothes which allow easy evaporation since evaporation causes cooling. And as the cotton absorbs sweat well and allows easy evaporation, we must prefer wearing cotton clothes in summer. 

9. Convert the following temperatures to the Celsius scale.  

a) The temperature is 293 K 

Ans: When we use: ⁰C = K - 273 

                                        = 293 - 273 

                                       = 20 ⁰C

b) The temperature is 470 K 

Ans: When we use: ⁰C = K - 273 

= 470 - 273 

= 197 ⁰C 

10. Convert the following temperatures to the Kelvin scale. 

a) The temperature is 25 ⁰C

Ans: When we use: K = ⁰C + 273 

                                       = 25 + 273

                                      = 298 K 

b)The temperature is 373 ⁰C 

Ans: When we use: K = ⁰C + 273 

                                       = 373 + 273

                                       = 656 K 

11. Give a reason for the following observations. 

a) Naphthalene balls disappear with time without leaving any solid. 

Ans: Sublimation can be defined as the conversion between the solid and the gaseous phases of matter, with no intermediate liquid stage. Naphthalene balls will be having the property of sublimation because of which they directly vary from solid to gaseous state without a conversion into liquid. Hence, naphthalene balls will be vanishing with time leaving no solid. 

b)We can get the smell of perfume sitting several meters away. 

Ans: Volatile substances such as perfumes change from liquid state to gaseous state very fast which allows them to diffuse and mix up with the air particles to reach our nostrils. Therefore we get the smell of perfume sitting several metres away. 

12. Give two reasons to justify - 

a) Water at room temperature is a liquid. 

Ans: For a temperature of <0 ⁰Cwater is in solid-state, for 0⁰C → 100⁰C → water is in a liquid state and for temperature >100 ⁰C water is in a gaseous state. Since room temperature always lies between 0 ⁰C and 100 ⁰C and within this range the physical state of water is liquid so water is liquid at room temperature. 

b) An iron almirah is a solid at room temperature. 

Ans: Since the room temperature is very less than the melting point of iron hence an almirah made up of iron will be a solid at room temperature.

13. Why is ice at 273 K more effective in cooling than water at the same temperature? 

Ans: Ice will be producing a more intense cooling effect as compared to water at  273 K because at 273 K ice will be absorbing latent heat of melting from the surroundings and will be getting converted into water. Therefore ice at 273 K is more effective in cooling than water at the same temperature. 

14. What produces more severe burns, boiling water or steam? 

Ans: When the steam gets converted into boiling water it releases latent heat of water which results more severe burns when we compare it to boiling water. 

15. What is evaporation? What are the factors affecting it? 

Ans: Evaporation can be defined as the process of conversion of a substance from its liquid state to a gaseous state at any temperature below its boiling point. 

Evaporation will be dependant on the factor below: 

a) Surface area 

b) Temperature 

c) Humidity  

d) Wind speed  

16. What happens when we apply pressure to the particles of matter? 

Ans: Pressure can be defined as the force applied per cross-sectional area.  Therefore when we apply pressure to the particles of matter, the force applied brings the particles closer to each other. 

17. Define latent heat of vaporization and latent heat of fusion. 

Ans: The heat energy required to change 1 kg of a substance from its liquid state to a gaseous state at atmospheric pressure without changing its temperature is known as latent heat of vaporization. 

18. If the melting point of object A is high then what state do you expect it to be at room temperature? 

Ans: The temperature at which a substance changes its state from solid to liquid is called its melting point. At a temperature below melting point, the substance will be in solid-state. Therefore, if the melting point of an object A is high then the object will be in solid-state. 

19. What happens when the temperature of the solids increase? 

Ans: When we increase the temperature of the solid, we are giving energy to it.  That energy is utilized in increasing the kinetic energy of the particles and as a  result, the speed of the particles is increased and they vibrate more freely. Once the particles overcome the force of attraction between them they start moving more freely. 

20. When heat is being supplied to a solid, then what does the heat energy do  to the particles of the solid? 

Ans: The heat energy increases the kinetic energy of the particles which allows the particles to overcome the forces of attraction and start moving more freely and changing the state from solid to liquid. 

21. Why is it that on increasing the wind speed the rate of evaporation increases? 

Ans: If we increase the speed of the wind, then they will be blowing away with them.  The water vapours in the air are blown away when the speed of wind is increased,  making room for more water vapours and increasing the rate of evaporation. 

22. Why do we say that evaporation is a surface phenomenon? 

Ans: Only the particles at the surface of the liquid absorb energy and get converted into vapours, therefore evaporation is called a surface phenomenon. 

Long Answer Questions 3 Marks 

1. A diver is able to cut through water in a swimming pool. Which property of matter does this observation show? 

Ans: It is given that a diver is able to cut through water in a swimming pool. This is representing that the particles of water will be held together by weak forces of attraction between them and when any external force is applied the particles can be separated.


2. What are the characteristics of the particles of matter?  

Ans: The particles of matter have the following characteristics: 

i. The particles of matter are in continuous motion. 

ii. There are gaps between the particles of matter. 

iii. There is a force of attraction between the particles of matter which keeps them together. 


(a) Tabulate the differences in the characteristics of states of matter. Ans: Tabular differences in characteristics of matters are given below: 




Particles of matter in solid state are rigid and incompressible.

Particles of matter in the liquid state are not rigid but are compressible to some extent.

Particles of matter in a gaseous state are not rigid at all and are more compressible than particles of solid or liquid.

The particles will be having a definite shape and volume.

The particles have a  

definite volume but their shape is not defined.

The particles don’t have a definite shape or volume.

The particles cannot flow.

The particles can easily flow from a higher level to lower level.

The particles can flow freely in all possible directions.

Stone, wood, diamond, etc. are a few examples.

Water, cold drinks, milk,  etc. are a few examples.

Smoke, oxygen, nitrogen etc. are some examples.

(b) Comment upon the following: rigidity, compressibility, fluidity, filling a  gas container, shape, kinetic energy, and density. 


Rigidity → The property of matter to maintain its shape when external forces are applied to it is known as rigidity. Solids have this property.

Compressibility → The property of matter to allow compression when high pressure is applied to it is known as compressibility. Some Liquids and all gases have this property. 

Fluidity → The property of matter to flow and change in its shape when external forces are applied to it is known as fluidity. Both liquids and gases have this property. 

Filling a gas container → Gases are fluid in nature and are highly compressible which allows them to be filled within a vessel at high pressure. A large volume of gas can be filled in a container of less volume making it suitable and more cost-efficient for transportation. 

Shape → Only solid objects have well-defined shapes while liquids can acquire any shape depending on the container they are kept in and gases don’t have any shape. 

Kinetic energy → The particles of a matter are continuously in motion and thus have kinetic energy. As the particles in solids have the least movement, the kinetic energy of solids is the least. The particles of gases have the freest movements and hence they have the highest kinetic energy. The order of kinetic  energies for different types of matters is: solid < liquid < gas  

Density → Density of any substance can be explained as Mass per unit volume i.e. density = mass/volume. 

4. Give reasons 

(a) A gas fills completely the vessel in which it is kept. 

Ans: The particles of gas have negligible attraction force between them because of which the particles move freely in all directions filling the whole container the gas is kept in. 

(b) A gas exerts pressure on the walls of the container. 

Ans: The particles of gas move freely due to which they collide with the container walls continuously and randomly. Therefore the collision of particles on the container walls exerts pressure on the walls.

(c) A wooden table should be called a solid. 

Ans: Solids have rigid and fixed particles and have a definite shape and clear boundaries. Since a wooden table possesses all the qualities of a solid, it should be called a solid. 

(d) We can easily move our hand in the air but to do the same through a solid block of wood we need a karate expert. 

Ans: Since air is a gas and the forces of attraction between the particles of gas are very less which makes it easy to separate the particles with the help of an external force and hence we can easily move our hand in the air. Whereas in the case of solids the forces of attraction are very strong and we need a very high force to separate the particles of a solid and hence we need a karate expert for it. 

5. Name A, B, C, D, E, and F in the following diagram showing changes in its state. 

Factors that change States of Matter


A is fusion or heating or melting.  

B is vapourisation. 

C is cooling or Condensation. 

D is cooling or solidification.

E is sublimation.  

F is solidification. 

6. Are the three states of matter inter-convertible? How can they interconnect? 

Ans: Yes, the three states of matter can be converted into each other. 

States of Matter are interconvertible

The three states of matter are interconvertible as shown below: 

a) By heating we can convert solids into liquids and by cooling we can convert liquids into solids. 

b)We can convert liquids into gases by vaporization and we can convert gases to liquids by condensation. 

c) Using sublimation we can convert solids into gases and vice versa and using condensation we can convert liquids into solids. 

7. How does evaporation cause cooling? 

Ans: During evaporation, the particles of a liquid absorb the heat from the surface and are converted into vapours utilizing the absorbed heat. This absorption of heat from the surface will be producing a cool surface. 

8. Why should we wear cotton clothes in summer? 

Ans: Since cotton is a good absorbent of water, it absorbs all the sweat from our body and allows easy and fast evaporation. The sweat absorbs heat from our body and evaporates which makes us feel cooler during a hot summer day. That is why we should wear cotton clothes in summer. 

9. Differentiate between physical and chemical change? 

Ans: The difference physical and chemical change is given below 

Physical Change 

Chemical Change

i. Physical change is not permanent and can be reversed easily. 

ii. Physical change does not result in new substances. 

iii. There is no change in mass is a  physical change. 

iv. The energy changes in a physical change are quite small. 

i. Chemical change is permanent and cannot be reversed easily. 

ii. Chemical change produces new substances. 

iii. Change of mass is observed in a  chemical change. 

iv. The changes in energy are large in a  chemical change.

10. A solution of H₂SO₄ is labeled 40%. The density of the solution is  1.3 gm/l. What is the concentration of the solution in %(m/v)? 

Ans: The given concentration of the solution is 40%. 

Therefore, 100 gm of the solution contains 40 g of H₂SO₄  

Density = \[\frac{mass}{volume}\]

1.3gm/l = \[\frac{100 g}{volume}\]

Volume of the solution = \[\frac{100}{1.3}\]

= \[\frac{100}{1.3}\] ml

So, = \[\frac{100}{1.3}\] of the solution contains 40g of H₂SO₄

Therefore, 100 ml of solution will contain \[\frac{100 \times 40 \times 1.3}{100}\] g of H₂SO₄

= 52 g of H₂SO₄

Therefore, the concentration is 52% (m/v).

11. What is the state of inter particle distance inside a solid, liquid, and gas? 

Ans: In a solid, the forces of attraction between the particles are very high and hence the particles of a solid will be very close to each other and the inter particle distance is the least. 

In a liquid, the forces of attraction between the particles are very weak, and therefore the particles of a liquid will not be closely packed with each other and the inter-particle distance is large.  

In a gas, the forces of attraction between the particles are almost negligible or extremely weak and therefore the particles of a gas are very loosely packed and are very far from each other and the inter particle distance is largest. 

12. Why is it that to smell cold food, we have to go close but the smell of hot food reaches us several meters away? 

Ans: When the particles are at higher temperature, their movements are fast and therefore they can travel up to several meters. Hence the hot food’s smell will be reaching us several meters away. 

At lower temperatures, the movements of particles are not very fast and particles do not have enough kinetic energy to travel a distance of several meters.  Therefore we have to go close to smell cold food. 

13. Why is it that a wooden chair should be called a solid and not a liquid? 

Ans: A wooden chair is a rigid object, the particles of a wooden chair are tightly packed with each other, the chair has a definite shape and the chair has negligible compressibility. Since a wooden chair possesses all the properties of a solid and not of a liquid, it should be called a solid, not a liquid.

14. Give an experiment to show that ammonium chloride undergoes sublimation. 

Ans: Experiment for representing the sublimation of ammonium chloride (NHCl₄): 

a) Take a crystal of ammonium chloride (NHCl₄) inside a china dish and an inverted funnel. 

b) With the help of a burner, heat the ammonium chloride (NHCl₄) crystals. 

c) When the ammonium chloride (NHCl₄) crystal is heated, vapours of (NHCl₄) and the Ammonium chloride (NHCl₄) which is solidified along the walls at the beaker’s upper end is observable. 

d) This experiment shows that solid ammonium chloride (NHCl₄) undergoes solidification. It directly changes to vapour state from a solid state, it does not convert into liquid. 


Setup to show Ammonium chloride undergoes sublimation

15. What is distillation and fractional distillation? What is the basic property that separates the two methods? 

Ans: The process of distillation is used for separating the components of a  mixture containing two liquids, having different boiling points and both liquids boil without decomposition. 

The process of fractional distillation is used for separating the components of a  mixture containing more than two liquids having a boiling point difference of less than 25 K. 

The basic property that separates these two methods is: 

Using distillation we can separate only those components which have a  significant difference in their boiling points. While fraction distillation is used when the difference in boiling points is less.

Important Questions of Ch 1 Science Class 9 - Free PDF Download

Many students don’t have a strong core knowledge on the subject of science and face difficulty in understanding the basics of the chapters. Due to which they lose a lot of marks in the final exams. To avoid these, students need to formulate a better preparation plan where they should give more emphasis to the practice of class 9th science chapter 1 important questions. Regular practice will help them to improve and be more confident about their own knowledge.

The questions that are included in chapter 1 science class 9 important questions are most likely to come in the exams. Thus, preparing the students better and efficient. Students can download the pdf of class 9 chapter 1 science important questions from the Vedantu site. This pdf is available for free. After downloading the pdf, students can refer to it at every stage of their preparation.

Important Question of Science Class 9 Chapter 1

Students will learn a lot of things from the chapter 'matters in our surroundings, let's discuss some of those things:


The matter is considered as a substance from which our cosmos is made of. Any substance with some mass, that takes volume and which can get comprehended by the senses is termed as a matter. There are a lot of exceptions in this case such as heat, light energy, electrical energy, sound energy, magnetism, vacuum, and shadow. This all is not considered a matter because they don't have mass and they don't take any place.

The substance 'matter' is believed to be composed of small constituent parts. Matters have minimal and minute units. Taking a glance on them is very difficult even with a high-power microscope.

To understand more simply, everything around you is made up of matter. Atoms and compounds of everything are made with small parts of matter. These atoms are responsible for building the things that we see and touch every day.

Characteristics of Matter

The different characteristics of matter are listed below:

  • The matter is a substance which is made up of small particles.

  • It is believed that the particles consist of intermolecular spaces between them.

  • The particles in the matter have a locomotive nature due to the kinetic energy inside them. When there is a surge in the temperature, the motion of particles intensifies.

  • The bits in the matter attract each other, but this reciprocal force of full becomes operational only when the particles are very close to each other. In solids, the particles are firmly held, which is why it is believed that they have a superior force of attraction. Whereas in gases, particles are loosely held; thus, they have a minimal force of attraction.

Nature of Matter

Depending upon the physical state of different materials or substances, the nature of matter is classified into three categories:


Solids are substances where the particles are held very close to each other due to a strong intermolecular force. The particles are so tightly held at their place that they can have only vibratory motions and nothing else. As the particles are tightly held, therefore solids have a definite shape and definite volume. Some examples of solids are wood, iron, glass, etc. Students while practising important question of science class 9 chapter 1 will learn more about this substance and that too in a straightforward way.


Those substances where the intermolecular forces are weak enough to allow the movement of particles are generally known as liquids. These particles are also closely held with each other, but they have more freedom of movement than the particles of solid. Liquids are substances with a definite volume but with no definite shape. These substances generally take the shape of the container in which they are stored. Some examples of liquid substances are milk, water, etc. To gain more detailed knowledge on this particular substance, students have to continue practising ch 1 science class 9 important questions without fail.


These types of substances have very weak intermolecular forces between their particles or molecules, so the molecules have the freedom to move. The distance between each particle in a gas is bigger if compared to the distance between particles in solids and gases. Gases do not have a fixed shape or a definite volume. These substances fully occupy the containers in which they are stored. Some examples of gases are air, hydrogen, oxygen, methane, etc. By practising important questions for class 9 science chapter 1 regularly, students can gain more knowledge on this particular substance.

These above three states of matter can be transformed from one form to the other just by changing the environment's temperature and pressure conditions. The composition of matter is also used to determine its nature. If a matter is composed of more than one particle, then it is considered as a mixture, but when it contains only one particle, then it is termed as a pure substance. Mixtures are further classified into homogeneous and heterogeneous categories. Pure substances can also get divided into elements and compounds.

All the information that you have read till now are some basics of the chapter 'Matter in our surroundings. But there is more to this chapter, and things will get complicated after getting inside the different topics of the chapter. Students find the theories of this chapter complicated and thus are incapable of scoring good marks, but by practising class 9 science chapter 1 important questions regularly, students can avoid fewer marks.

Matter in Our Surroundings Class 9 Important Questions

Some of the important questions that the students might face in the exams are as follows:

  • Mention the technique which is used for separating the substances from the mixture.

  • What is the difference between a homogeneous mixture and a heterogeneous mixture?

  • What do you understand by the term Matter?

  • State the different characteristics of matter.

  • What is the nature of matter? Explain in a brief way.

  • State the points which show that a physical Change is different from a chemical change.

  • What are the reasons which cause a matter to change its state from one form to another?

  • What do you understand by the term element?

  • What do we call a mixture of salt and sugar in our regular lives?

  • State the three states of matter based on the distance between the molecules.

  • State the process using which the seawater can get purified.

  • What are the properties of a solid?

  • State the properties of a liquid.

  • Mention the properties of a gas.

  • Which state of matter is related to Boyle's law.

CBSE Class 9 Chapter 1 MCQs

1. Due to which among the following phenomena, the water kept in the earthen pot becomes cool during summers?

  1. Diffusion

  2. Transpiration

  3. Osmosis

  4. Evaporation

2.  Which of the following conditions will increase the evaporation of water?

  1. Increase in temperature of the water

  2. Decrease in temperature of the water

  3. Less exposed surface area of water

  4. Adding common salt to the water

3. Which of the following is the boiling point of water at sea level?

  1. 0 °C

  2. 273 K

  3. 373 K

  4. 273 °C

Answers: 1 (d), 2 (a) and 3 (c)

Benefits of Class 9th Science Chapter 1 Important Questions

Students who are facing problems in chapter 1 of class 9 are suggested to practice important questions of ch 1 science class 9 so that they can take advantage of this and prepare well. Some of the benefits of this list of questions are:

  • The questions are taken keeping in mind the syllabus and the format imposed by the CBSE board for class 9 students because any deviations from that can cost students a lot of marks.

  • The questions are selected under the guidance of some expert teachers who have years of experience in this field. They select questions according to the intellectual capability of the students.

  • The questions included in the list of chapter 1 science class 9 important questions are most likely to come in the exams, thus making students' preparation better and efficient.

  • The questions are given with solutions which are explained in a detailed manner.

Important Related Links for CBSE Class 9 


In conclusion, the availability of important questions for CBSE Class 9 Science Matter in Our Surroundings is a valuable resource for students preparing for their examinations. These important questions cover key topics and concepts related to the chapter, helping students deepen their understanding of the properties of matter, changes of state, and the behavior of particles. Practicing some important questions, students can enhance their knowledge and improve their problem-solving skills. These questions encourage critical thinking and application of scientific principles, preparing students to answer exam questions effectively.

Engaging with these important questions enables students to consolidate their understanding of the chapter, identify areas where they need further clarification, and strengthen their grasp of the subject. They also serve as a valuable revision tool, helping students review and reinforce the concepts they have learned.

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FAQs on Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Science Matter in Our Surroundings 2024-25

1. Where can I find extra questions for CBSE Class 9 Science Chapter 1- Matter in Our Surroundings?

There are several e-learning sites that provide more practice questions. On Vedantu, you may find the most frequently asked questions for each scientific chapter. Vedantu is a leading learning portal that offers all of the required exam preparation materials such as example papers, NCERT Answers, crucial questions, revision notes, and so on. Important questions for Chapter 1- Matter in Our Surroundings and other chapters, as well as solutions, are available on Vedantu's website for Class 9 CBSE students. Subject matter experts with sufficient expertise and experience in the topic prepare the replies. The key CBSE Class 9 Science Chapter 1 questions have been prepared in a PDF file for students to practice before examinations.

2. What are the two recently discovered states of matter?

Apart from the three-commonly known states of matter, there exist other two states of matter which are much talked about: Plasma and Bose-Einstein Condensate. 

Plasma: Plasma state is the 4th state of matter which is an ionized gas. Plasma neither has a definite volume nor a definite shape. It can be defined as a gaseous substance into which sufficient energy is provided to free electrons from atoms or molecules and to allow both species i.e. ions or electrons to co-exist. Examples of plasma are Stars, lightning, etc. Plasma is also present inside the fluorescent lights.

Bose-Einstein Condensate:  Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) is a state of matter of a dilute gas of bosons (a boson is a particle that follows Bose-Einstein Statistics) cooled to a temperature very close to absolute zero. In simple words, BEC is formed by cooling a gas of extremely low density.

3. Can matter exist in all three states?

Indeed, materials may exist in all three states at the same time. At differing temperature and pressure circumstances, the three states of matter interconvert. In other words, pressure and temperature determine the state of a substance, i.e. whether it is solid, liquid, or gas. As water boils, it turns into vapour, and when it freezes at its freezing point, it turns into ice. It is critical to realise that the difference between different states of matter is caused by the location of component particles. As a result, these particles' characteristics can alter as a result of temperature and pressure.

4. What is the difference between boiling and evaporation?

Boiling is a bulk phenomenon whereas evaporation is a surface phenomenon. Particles from the bulk of the liquid change into vapour state in the process of boiling. However, in the process of evaporation, particles from the surface change into the vapour state by gaining enough energy from the atmosphere that weakens the force of attraction present into the liquid to change it into vapour form.

5. What is the significance of using Vedantu’s Important Questions for studying Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings of Class 9 Science?

Every crucial question from the Chapter- Matter in our Surroundings has been hand-picked by Vedantu's expert pros. Vedantu's Crucial Questions for Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings of Class 9 Science has around 50 critical questions from the course. In tests, these questions are worth one to five points. Working through these questions will give you with the necessary chapter revision. It will also assist you in understanding how to develop optimal replies for various exam questions.

6. What are some important questions from Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings of Class 9 Science for exams?

Matter in Our Surroundings contains many important experiments, definitions, and reasoning questions that can be asked in the exams. Some of the examples of these questions are as follows:

  • Enlist the characteristics of particles of matter.

  • Suggest a method to liquefy gases.

  • Why is it that on increasing the wind speed the rate of evaporation increases?

  • Define latent heat of vaporization and latent heat of fusion.

For over 50 such important questions from this chapter, visit Vedantu.

7. Are the important questions for Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings of Class 9 Science accessible offline?

Yes, the important questions for Chapter 1 Matter in Our Surroundings of Class 9 Science are easily accessible offline by downloading its PDF file in the following simple steps.

  • Visit Vedantu and choose the subject and the chapter you want. 

  • On the subsequent page, scroll down and look for the option to "Download PDF."

  • This will redirect you to a new page containing the link to download the required PDF promptly.

For an even smoother download process, install the Vedantu mobile app and access all the content easily from your phone.

8. How can you show that one crystal of potassium permanganate contains millions of tiny particles?

Dissolve two or three crystals of potassium permanganate and dissolve them in 100 ml of water. Take 10 ml of this solution and put it in another container with 90 ml of water. Take 10 ml of this new solution and again dissolve it in 90 ml of water. Dilute the solution six to eight times. You will find that water still remains coloured after much dilution. This proves that one crystal of potassium permanganate must contain millions of tiny particles that keep on dividing in the water.

9. How can evaporation cause cooling? Give examples.

As a liquid evaporates, its particles collect energy from the surrounding environment in order to recoup the energy lost during evaporation. As energy is taken from the surroundings, the surroundings get colder. In the summer, for example, people sprinkle water over the roofs of buildings to keep them cool. Our body's sweating system functions similarly. As we perspire on a hot day, our perspiration evaporates, which helps to lower our body temperature.