Pisciculture or fish farming is a process of breeding, raising and transportation of fishes for domestic and commercial purposes. Fishes top the list when it comes to healthy and nutritional food option as they are a rich source of proteins and other minerals.
However, there are primarily three types of Pisciculture. They are Monoculture, Polyculture and Monosex Culture.
To define Pisciculture, first, you need to know its variants in details. Let’s begin!
There are different types of fish farming methods available. These are:
This system allows farming a single species of fishes. It offers high production and quality. These fishes are popular among consumers. Usually, in India, an example of monoculture fish is shrimps.
It is also called composite or mixed fish farming. Polyculture lets rearing different species of compatible fishes in a shared pond. However, their feeding habits have to be different so that each of the species can survive on different food from a common resource. It is a beneficial kind of Pisciculture.
Generally, this culture allows growing either female or male fishes of a species. This is how fishes are obtained through this culture. One example of such fish is Tilapia.
Now that you know what is fish culture. Let’s proceed with other details.
Different fish farms use different methods. Some of them are discussed below.
Metal cages are submersed into water that contains fishes. This off-shore mode of farming allows feeding the fishes artificially.
In this system, people need a small pond or tank where fishes grow. It is one of the most beneficial fish farming techniques because the water containing fish waste is used to fertilise the agricultural field.
This method makes use of large plastic tanks containing fishes, placed in a greenhouse. Besides, there lies a hydroponic bed next to the tanks. Using the water from the fish tanks, people cultivate several herbs like basil, parsley, etc.
Using this technique, the fishes are reared from eggs to fingerlings. Then they are released in stream water.
These methods are essential when you write the answer to what is Pisciculture.
Fish production refers to raising fishes commercially for consumption. Fish production process includes
Capturing of fishes from their natural habitat. (capture fisheries)
Controlled farming or cultivating fishes. It includes Pisciculture. (culture fisheries)
True/false: The common name for freshwater catfish is “Wallago Attu”.
Following is the list containing the advantages of fish farming:
Fish farming does not require a lot of resources a small concrete tank is enough to start with.
The farmed fishes grow under supervision to increase its nutritional value. Therefore, the quality of these fishes is superior to the wild ones.
There are a wide variety of fishes suitable for farming. Thus, the owners of the fisheries can select the best kind of fish that will be profitable for them.
People can transform any poor and infertile piece of land into a fish pond and earn money.
Demand for fishery fishes is increasing with passing days. Therefore, people can start fish farming by allocating some space to their existing farms. It will increase their income substantially.
Fish farming has low-risk factors as the fishes are under confinement. This makes sure that the outsiders cannot access to the place and catch fishes.
Since the fishes are safe in the fish tanks, people no do not need to catch wild fishes in large scale. It helps in restoring natural ecosystems.
Another importance of fish farming is that it provides employment.
Fill in the black: ______________ fish culture takes place where marine and fresh water mix.
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1. Which Culture is Pisciculture Related to?
Ans. Pisciculture is an integral part of Aquaculture.
2. Why has Biofloc Fish Farming Became Popular? Is it Profitable?
Ans. Yes, Biofloc is a profitable option for fish farming. It is becoming popular because it does not need a system of water exchange. Also, it is a risk-free, economical and simple technique.
3. Which Fishes are the Best for Farming in India?
Ans. The best fishes for farming in India are Tilapia, Catfish, Carps, shrimps and several others.