Causes of Stress

What Is Stress?

Stress can be lucidly defined as a reaction to change or a procedure of riposting to any demand or threat. Whether positive or negative, it affects both our physical and mental health. Stress is the body’s natural protection against real or imaginary danger. Generally, stress induces the release of some hormones such as adrenaline, cortisol and noradrenaline by increasing heartbeat, instigating the body’s metabolism, and by concocting the body for emergency actions. Our whole body usually responds to these changes both by somatic and psychic responses. It is a normal part of life, and we experience stress from different factors, including our surroundings, our body, and our thoughts.

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Types of Stress

By the researches of the American Psychological Association (APA), stress can be categorised into three different types based on their features, symptoms, duration, and treatment techniques.

Acute Stress — The most general type of stress and usually caused by assuming or thinking about the pressures of past events or advancing demands in the future.

Episodic Acute Stress — This is a type of stress which occurs when an individual gets regular attacks of severe anxiety.

Chronic Stress — This is a type of stress that occurs when someone feels confined in a bad situation.

Stress Symptoms

Excess stress can become definite itself in different categories of emotional, behavioural, and even physical symptoms, and the symptoms of anxiety can differ widely among a group of people.General somatic (physical) symptoms often caused by those  who experience excess stress consist of sleep disturbances or changes in sleeping habits (insomnia or sleeping very much), the tension in muscles, aches in muscles, pains in the head, problems in gastrointestinal regions, and a lot of fatigue. Indications of any pre-existing medical situations can also worsen during times of stress... Loss of enthusiasm or energy, and mood swings, like irritability and depression, also gets in. Of course, not one of these signs or indications means for sure that there is an elevated stress level as all of these symptoms can be caused by other medical and are psychological conditions. These are some of the stress symptoms.

Causes of Stress

Some of the causes of stress are-

  • Breaking up in a relation

  • Losing a  stable job

  • Health issues

  • Overpressure in work

  • Loss of support from dear ones

  • Events full of trauma

  • Emotional issues

  • Harassment at the workplace

  • Lack of job satisfaction

  • Increase in financial lendings

  • Working in dangerous situations

  • Working  for more than 9 hours

  • Too much of task which is pending and a massive responsibility

Effects of Stress

  • Fatigue in muscles

  • Depressive thoughts

  • Heart problems

  •  Problems related infertility

  • Gain or loss in Weight

  • Unnatural heartbeat

  • High blood pressure

  • Cramps in the muscles and nerves

  • Constipation in the gut regions

These are some of the effects of stress. But excluding the list, there can be many other issues and consequences of stress.

Stress Management Tips

  • Nurture positive thoughts- Always try to stay aloof from negative ideas. Even if someone provokes you to do so, stay away from him/her.

  • Maintain a healthy and balanced diet- Eat healthy food so that dopamine hormones can function adequately, and we do not get affected by stress. 

  • We should do regular exercises and yoga to keep our physical health well.

  • We should keep our periods of sleep for prolonged hours.

  • We should practice meditation and do it regularly.

These were some tips for stress management. Though many stress management tips have been provided, one individual has its ways of dealing with the stress. All human beings are advised by everyone to function well physically, and mentally eradicate stress; we sometimes need expert opinions too. For these issues, we should always consult a psychologist and get both verbal and medical help. 

Solved Questions

What Is Stress in Biology?

Stress is an extreme feeling of emotional or physical tension. These are natural conditions happening in a considerable number of peoples. In a small number of severe cases, stress can also lead to health problems like hypertension, heart disorders,  cerebral strokes or anxiety attacks etc. 

Fun Facts

Laughing heartily decreases levels of stress hormones and increases the immune system.

Stress was relieved by ancient Greeks by chewing a gum made from the resin.

75% of the total population experiences at least “little stress” every two weeks.

Some of the bodily indications associated with stress and anxiety syndrome include depression, hair loss, chest pain, difficulty breathing and weight gain.


FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Diagnosis of Stress?

There is no identified test in labs to diagnose stress. Generally, our healthcare professional carries out several tests which can consist of a personal and family health history, trials involving the blood and urine samples and other examinations to carry out various medical conditions. No single individual can realise the effects of stress unless he or she faces the ill effects of it. The ill-effects will tremendously curb in the workplace, and the person will extremely lose self-confidence. After this happens, one has to depend on a medical person to do the mentoring and help the person to get out of the situation.

2. What are the Common Signs of Stress?

Below are some of the most common physical symptoms of stress, which readily gets caught up when we begin to indulge in stress. Muscular tension increases up like the locked shoulders, tightened back and jaw aches—gastrointestinal problems, including acid rush, abdominal pains,  or frequent diarrhoea. Due to the increased blood rushes in the arteries, we get elevated blood pressure which can also result in problems in the heart . These can even lead to myocardial infarctions. To eradicate stress, we sometimes need expert opinions too. For these issues, we should always consult a psychologist and get both verbal and medical help.