Unique scientific name which is given to each organism whether it be plant, algae, fungi, or extinct known as botanical name. There are innumerable plant species on earth and we are surrounded by all such kinds of species. We identify plants by their common names and these common names vary from region to region but there is one unique name for each plant which is called the botanical name of that particular plant.
Examples to Consider
Example: the botanical name of mango is Mangifera indica. The main purpose behind giving botanical names to each plant is to avoid confusion or misidentification processes as similar names always create confusion in identification of plants. While writing this botanical name Lation characters are always used and along this that name of scientist is also used, for giving them a unique botanical name.
Biological classification of an organism is a process by which we can categorise organisms on the basis of different groups and subgroups. These groups and subgroups are based on similarities and dissimilarities present in an organism. On this basis these organisms are placed in different hierarchies of different categories.
Factors Which are Important While Writing Biological Name
While writing biological names there are so many rules which should be followed to get the unique biological name of an organism. As the biological name helps us in identifying any plant among vast varieties of plants. We set features of the plant on the basis of their size, habitat, nutrition and various other notifying processes.
Objective Behind Biological Classification
There are so many objectives behind classifying any organism. These objectives are listed below:
1. Arrangement of organisms on the basis of their similarities and dissimilarities.
2. Behind biological classification there is a phylogenetic system which indicates origin and evolution of the species.
3. With the help of biological classification it is easy to identify organisms.
Different Types of Classification
There are mainly three types three types of classification:
1. Artificial System of Classification
In this type of classification we refer to morphological features of an organism for grouping organisms in a different category. Whereas a few artificial classification uses the habit and habitat of an organism. As per aristotle law animals are divided into two categories like enaima ( animal having red blood cell ) and anime ( animals without red blood cells ). Further he also classified organism on the basis of habitats like aquatic organism (e.g: fish ), terrestrial organism ( e.g: reptiles ), aerial organism i.e. one who lives in air (e.g: birds, bats).
2. Natural System of Classification
In this type of classification a number of resembling characters are considered by which we find so many similarities and dissimilarities present in an organism. By this means we can set up relations between different organisms. In the natural system of classification we mainly consider morphological features, anatomical features, cytological features, reproductive features, etc by which we classify organisms.
Example: In biological classification birds are classified on the basis of presence of wings, feathers and their pneumatic bone whereas mammals are classified on the basis of presence of reproductive ability.
3. Phylogenetic Classification
In this classification we take the evolutionary relationship of an organism which is known as a phylogenetic relationship. Considering the features we classify organisms into different categories. Phylogenetic system was proposed by Engler and Prantl (1887-99). Zoologists believe that since similarity in structure represents close evolutionary relationship, their natural classification represents evolutionary and phylogenetic classification.
Botanical Name of Amla
The botanical name of amla is Phyllanthus emblica. It has so many common Indian names like gooseberry, emblic myrobalan and Malacca tree.
Classification of Amla
General Morphological Features of Amla
The Amla tree is small to medium in size i.e.approx 25 feet. Amla plants have so many branchlets and they are of fine nature and long in size. Their fruits are spherical in shape, light greenish-yellow in color, hard in appearance. Their taste is a little bit sour, bitter and a little bit fibrous from inside. There are so many traditional and chemical uses of amla as they are rich in vitamin C. All parts of the plant are used in various Ayurvedic medicine herbal preparations, including the fruit, seed, leaves, root, bark and flowers.