Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Control

share icon
share icon

Drug Abuse

Drug abuse should be considered a serious public health problem that affects almost every community and family in some way. Each year millions of serious illnesses or injuries can be witnessed due to drug abuse among youngsters.


A chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite adverse consequences can be defined as an addiction. It is considered a human brain disorder, because it causes many functional changes to brain circuits which function in reward, stress, and self-control, and those changes may last a long time after a person has stopped the consumption of drugs.


Sources of Drugs

The majority of the drugs are obtained from plants, which are none other than chemicals. Some of the chemicals used for drugs are opioids, coca alkaloids, cannabinoids, etc. which have a base from plants. Barbiturates, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, etc. are some of the medical formulations which are also misused for drug purposes.


Effect of Drugs on Human Body

Drugs certainly affect the central nervous system of the human body. These chemicals when reacted to the body can cause risk to the whole body. Drugs often change the sensation of the body. The chemicals when reacted to the body begin to send wrong signals and messages to various parts of the body, thereby causing hallucinations which lead to confusion such as visualizing and hearing things that are unreal.


Common Drugs

The following are some of the abused drugs that most people are commonly addicted to,

  • Heroin.

  • Alcohol.

  • Cocaine.

  • Nicotine.

  • Marijuana.

  • Club drugs.

  • Anabolic steroids, etc.


Addiction

Drugs and alcohol are addictive substances. Once a person becomes addicted to these abuses, it is not easy to get rid of oneself. Their addiction and dependence could produce severe outcomes that may lead to a long term problem and adolescents are more prone to getting into these habits.


Alcohol and drug abuse can be called a very common problem that our society is facing today. If left untreated, the addiction may lead to serious issues in the long run. 


Alcohol and Drug Abuse: Prevention and Control

It is very true that a young and adolescent mind could be molded in any direction depending on the kind of exposure they get. Unknowingly, they might befriend abusers and get into the habit of drinking, smoking or taking drugs. At this point of time, it is the responsibility of the parents as well as the teachers to handle the issue sensitively and guide them through the right direction without scolding or punishing them as these issues are very sensitive. 


Measures to Prevent Alcohol and Drug Abuse 

The following are some of the measures that need to be taken to prevent and control alcohol and drug abuse.

  • As per Indian society, the young and adolescents are often pushed beyond their limits to shine in every field. Parents always wanted their children to perform exceptionally well in their studies, sports, creativity, and every other activity. Under excess burden, the child often gets diverted to consume alcohol and drugs as a resort.

  • Persistent counseling should be given to educating children on dealing with failures, pressures, stress, and disappointments. Guiding them towards productive activities such as music, painting, yoga, sports or one of their hobbies can also help them to get rid of this habit.

  • Children usually follow habits from their close ones or the person who admires them. Hence, the attitude of close ones such as the parents and older siblings towards alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs also plays a major role in the children's choice.

  • When the child gets depressed and on the verge of any kind of abuse, they must look for help from parents or any trustable person who may guide them in the correct path, to help them overcome their anxiety and guilt.

  • Parents must stay connected with the child every time by keeping a track of the child's behavior and attitude at all possible times. It is recommended to spend more time with family to help them stay close, connected, and honest with their parents.

  • When children are caught having fallen prey to alcohol and drug abuse, their friends and well-wishers must bring notice to their parents or teachers as soon as possible, so that they can take remedial measures for it.

  • Despite all the prevention measures, if the child gets into the abuse unfortunately seeking professional aid is recommended. To get rid of this problem, one must consider rehabilitation centers, de-addiction programs, and qualified psychiatrists as they are well trained to help people overcome addiction.


However, despite all the preventive measures, if the child still does get into the abuse, it is advised to seek professional aid. There are a number of rehabilitation centers, de-addiction programs and qualified psychiatrists who would help to get rid of the problem.


Composition of Drugs Causing Abuse 

Abused drugs include the use of the following - 

  • Heroin

  • Alcohol

  • Cocaine

  • Nicotine

  • Marijuana

  • Club drugs

  • Anabolic steroids

Want to read offline? download full PDF here
Download full PDF
Is this page helpful?
like-imagedislike-image

FAQs on Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Control

1. What is a drug?

Drugs certainly affect the central nervous system of the human body. These chemicals when reacted to the body can cause risk to the whole body. Drugs often change the sensation of the body. The chemicals when reacted to the body begin to send wrong signals and messages to various parts of the body, thereby causing hallucinations which lead to confusion such as visualizing and hearing things that are unreal. Drug abuse is one of the serious public health problems across the world that affect almost every community and family either directly or indirectly.

2. What are the most commonly used drugs?

The majority of the drugs are obtained from plants, which are none other than chemicals. Some of the chemicals used for drug purposes are opioids, coca alkaloids, cannabinoids, etc. which have a base from plants. Barbiturates, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, etc. are some of the medical formulations which are also misused for drug purposes. The following are some of the commonly known abused drugs that most drug-addicted people use across the world such as Heroin, Alcohol, Cocaine, Nicotine, Marijuana, Club drugs, Anabolic steroids, etc.

3. Why do people get addicted to drugs?

As per Indian society, the young and adolescents are often pushed beyond their limits to shine in every field. Parents always wanted their children to perform exceptionally well in their studies, sports, creativity, and every other activity. Under excess burden, the child often gets diverted to consume alcohol and drugs as a resort. Children usually follow habits from their close ones or the person who admires them. Hence, the attitude of close ones such as the parents and older siblings towards alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs also plays a major role in the children's choice.

4. How to overcome drug addiction with proper guidance?

Persistent counseling should be given to educating children on dealing with failures, pressures, stress, and disappointments. Guiding them towards productive activities such as music, painting, yoga, sports or one of their hobbies can also help them to get rid of this habit. Despite all the prevention measures, if the child gets into the abuse unfortunately seeking professional aid is recommended. To get rid of this problem, one must consider rehabilitation centers, de-addiction programs, and qualified psychiatrists as they are well trained to help people overcome addiction.

5. How to prevent a person from addiction in the initial stage?

Parents must stay connected with the child every time by keeping a track of the child's behavior and attitude at all possible times. It is recommended to spend more time with family to help them stay close, connected, and honest with their parents. When children are caught having fallen prey to alcohol and drug abuse, their friends and well-wishers must bring notice to their parents or teachers as soon as possible, so that they can take remedial measures for it.

6. Define Addiction

Addiction refers to a chronic, relapsing disorder characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite adverse consequences. It is considered a human brain disorder, because it causes many functional changes to brain compartments functioning in reward, stress, and self-control, and those changes may last a long time after a person has stopped the consumption of drugs.


Drugs and alcohol are addictive substances. Once a person becomes addicted to these abuses, it is not easy to get rid of oneself. Their addiction and dependence could produce severe outcomes that may lead to a long term problem and adolescents are more prone to getting into these habits.


Alcohol and drug abuse can be called a very common problem that our society is facing today. If left untreated, the addiction may lead to serious issues in the long run.

7. Name the Ingredients of Drugs Which Cause Abuse Among Adolescents.

Heroin, cocaine, club drugs etc are the ones that cause abuse among the adolescents.

8. Mention Few of the Measures that Can be Taken to Reduce Drug Abuse

Measures which need to be taken to prevent and control alcohol and drug abuse are - 

  • Parents should understand the capacity of their children and expect accordingly. Parents should not force their kids to outperform their peers in studies, sports, creativity, and every other activity as in the rush of performing well, the children tend to come under extreme pressure and have the tendency to take up alcohol and drugs as a mode of relaxation. 

  • Children might pick up habits from their closed ones. Thus, the habits of parents and elder siblings towards alcohol, cigarettes, and drugs also affect the child’s choices.