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Like Father Like Daughter Class 5 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 21 (Free PDF Download)

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Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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Like Father Like Daughter Revision Notes and Worksheets PDF for Efficient Preparation

Chapter 21 of the Class 5 EVS syllabus is all about the family relationships we have. This chapter explains relationships among the family members using beautiful storylines. It will help students learn what to call family members by analysing the relationships on their own. It also explains how children get the features of their mother and father. To understand the Like Father Like Daughter summary, refer to the revision notes prepared by the subject experts of Vedantu.


These Like Father Like Daughter revision notes will help you to prepare this chapter easily. Get a simpler explanation of every section and build your confidence in answering exercise questions.


Class 5 EVS Revision Notes - Chapter-wise List

The class 5 EVS notes will help students prepare better for their examinations. They are prepared by experts and are in accordance with the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines.

Access Class 5 Environmental Science Chapter 21: Like Father, Like Daughter Notes

Summary of Like Father, Like Daughter

  • Our parents’ relatives influence our characteristics.

  • These characteristics are known as hereditary features.

  • We may share some characteristics with some of our distant relatives.

  • Two children who are born on the same day to the same mother and look alike are known as twins.

  • Some diseases are hereditary and are passed from parents to children.

  • Polio is caused by a virus. Legs are affected by this disease.

  • Gregor Mendel discovered that characteristics are passed from parents to children.


Aaa Chhee!

  • Ashima’s sneeze is just like her father’s.

  • Her mother sometimes confuses Ashima with her father due to the sneeze.


Who is Whose Aunt

  • The mother of our mother is called Nani.

  • Kiran was Nilima’s cousin sister.

  • The term mausi means mother’s sister.

  • Nilima was the mausi of Kiran’s baby boy Samir.


How We are all Related!

  • All distant relatives are somewhat closely related in many ways.

  • Nilima’s hair was a lot like Kiran’s - thick, black and curly.

  • Nilima’s mother’s hair was straight, brown, and limp.

  • Nilima’s Nani’s generation had thick, curly black hair and now the second generation has similar hair.


Is This a Mirror?

  • The mother’s brother is called Mama.

  • Saroja and Suvasini are twin sisters.

  • Father’s brother’s wife is called Chachi.

  • Saroja’s chachi adopted her when she was 2 weeks old and took her to Pune.

  • Due to this, Saroja knows both the languages Tamil and Marathi.

  • Whereas Suvasini stayed with her parents in Chennai and she only knows Tamil.

  • Her father was a karate coach.

  • When she was three, Suvasini started doing karate with the other children.

  • Both sisters are alike but still quite different.


But not this From Parents

  • Satti was affected by Polio when she was an infant.

  • When she grew up she didn’t let that come in her way and she performed all sorts of tasks.

  • Climbing stairs and walking were a major part of her work.

  • She was worried that her children might also suffer from polio because of her.

  • But the doctor said that it's nothing to worry about and Polio doesn't spread from parent to child.


Experiments with Peas – Rough or Smooth?

  • In 1822, Gregor Mendel was born into a farming family.

  • He was very fond of studies and he was always doing experiments.

  • He experimented with a lot of pea plants.

  • He discovered that the pea plant has some traits that come in pairs.

  • Like the seed is either smooth or rough. It is either green or yellow, and the plants are either tall or short. Nothing in between.

  • He discovered that the next generation (the children) of a plant that has either rough or smooth seeds will also have seeds that are rough or smooth.

  • He discovered the same with colour. Seeds that are either green or yellow produce new seeds that are either green or yellow.

  • With further experiments, he discovered that the characteristics are passed from parent to children.


Solved Examples

1. Does your face or anything else look similar to that of someone else in your family? What is it?

Ans: Yes, some of my facial features are similar to those of another member of my family. They are as follows:

  1. My nose is similar to my mother's nose.

  2. My eyes are the same color as those of my father.

  3. My ears are small, just like my grandfather's.


2. How do you feel when people compare you with someone else in your family? Why do you feel so?

Ans: When someone compares me to another member of my family, I feel good. The pleasant sensation arises from the realization that I am a member of a wonderful family.


3. Make a list of all the family members from Nilima’s Nani to little Samir. How are they all related to Nilima? Write.

Ans: List of Nilima’s family members:

  1. Nani: Nilima’s grandmother (Mother’s mother)

  2. Eldest Nani: Nilima’s Nani's sister.

  3. Elder son of Nani: Nilima’s mama (Mother’s brother)

  4. Kiran: Nilima’s cousin (Mama’s daughter)

  5. Samir: Nilima’s nephew (Son of her cousin)


4. What all is a part of you that you got from your mother’s side?

Ans: From my mother's side, I inherited the following characteristics:

  1. My brown eyes are similar to those of my mother.

  2. My hair is similar to my mother's.

  3. My nose is similar to my grandmother's.


Practice Questions

1. What is similar between Saroja and Suvasini? What is different?

Ans: Saroja and Suvasini resemble each other because they are twin sisters. Their appearances are so similar that their mother becomes perplexed.

Suvasini speaks both Marathi and Tamil, whereas Saroja only speaks Tamil. Suvasini is a good singer, and Saroja is a Karate practitioner.

2. Do you know any twins? What is similar in them? How are they different?

Ans: Yes, two brothers are in my class. They are nearly identical in every way. On the left side of his face, one of them has a mole.


Important Points to Remember

  • We share a lot of traits with our close as well as distant relatives.

  • It is important to know about our family and relatives.


Importance of CBSE Class 5 Chapter 21 Like Father Like Daughter

Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 is the introduction to family relationships. Students will find out the explanation of how they are related to their family members. Every section of this chapter has been designed with the motive to explain to the students. From this explanation, you will find out what is similar between Saroja and Suvasini and what is different.


It explains how children get their features from their parents. Students will also learn why related people are different in physical features too. This chapter explains why twins look similar and how they can be differentiated too.


The stories are weaved including fun and interesting facts. These facts can be understood from the daughter lesson summary given in the revision notes. Studying this chapter is important as you will understand the way of naming relationships. You will also find how children are different and similar to their parents in many aspects.


Benefits of Vedantu’s Like Father Like Daughter Worksheets and Revision Notes

  • The revision notes contain a simpler explanation of the entire chapter. Every section has been simplified by expressing the inner motive. You will understand the context of the entire chapter without any hassle. It will help find Like Father Like Daughter meaning and resolve doubts on your own.

  • Once you are done preparing this chapter, proceed to solve the worksheets. Check the answer to the NCERT EVS Class 5 solutions and learn how to formulate answers to such questions.

  • Find the answer to fundamental questions such as ‘write the name of any of your five relatives’. It will give you a better way to prepare these questions and remember the answers faster.

  • Find out your preparation level by solving the worksheets. Learn how to formulate the right answers to all the questions and escalate your comprehension skills.


Download Like Father Like Daughter Revision Notes and Worksheets PDF

Download the free PDF version of these files and complete your study material for this chapter. You can also get some NCERT Class 5 science solutions and learn how the experts have scribed answers to score more in the exams. Find the importance and meaning of all the sections in this chapter and score well in the exams.

FAQs on Like Father Like Daughter Class 5 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 21 (Free PDF Download)

1. Why do children have features similar to their parents?

Children are born with the features of their parents. It is called heredity. This is why we have features matching that of our parents.

2. Are we entirely similar to our parents?

No, we are not entirely similar to our parents. However, some of the features are similar to our parents, such as the shape of the nose, ears, the colour of pupils, etc.

3. Can we recognise a relationship with someone through particular features?

In this chapter, we have learnt that children have some qualities and features that match their parents. Sometimes, a common feature is observed in an entire family. Hence, using this common feature, we can recognise a relationship between two persons to some extent.