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A Shelter So High Class 5 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 13 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 28th Feb 2024
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A Shelter So High Revision Notes and Worksheets for Complete Preparation and High Scores

Chapter 13 of CBSE Class 5 is about the different types of houses we can see in the diverse topography of India. This is a story written in the form of a travel journal by a traveller. He explains how he gathered things to go out on a journey covering different states. A Shelter So High summary in the revision notes describes how the houses are made and what the differences are.

A Shelter So High revision notes have been prepared by the subject experts to help you cover this chapter without any difficulty. Using these notes will help you to resolve doubts on your own.

Class 5 EVS Revision Notes - Chapter-wise List

The class 5 EVS notes will help students prepare better for their examinations. They are prepared by experts and are in accordance with the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines.

Access Class 5 Environmental Studies Chapter 13: A shelter so high!

Summary of a Shelter So High!

  • With a “Loner” bike, Gaurav Jani travelled from Mumbai to Delhi and from there to Kashmir and Ladakh.

  • While travelling he packed necessary items such as a small tent, plastic sheet, sleeping bag, warm clothes, some food, and a camera.

  • Leh, a joint capital and city in Ladakh is a cold desert with scarce vegetation and mountains capped with snow.

  • Houses in Ladakh are made in such a way that they are comfortable with snow.

  • People in Ladakh will store foods for winter during the summer season since nothing will be available during the season.

  • In the mountains, the Changpas roam around. The sheeps and goats are their treasures.

  • Changpas, a big cone-shaped tent, is known as Rebo. Lekha is the place where sheeps and goats are kept.

  • In Srinagar, houses are made of mountains and water. 

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A Traveller’s Tale

  • Gaurav Jani is a native of Mumbai who travels a lot to different places on his loner (bike).

  • Now he is travelling from Delhi to Ladakh and Kashmir.

Getting Ready

  • Since the journey was for two months Gaurav packed a lot of things.

  • He brought a tiny tent, a sleeping bag, a plastic sheet, warm clothing, and food that would last many days. He also brought a camera and extra gas cans.

  • Gaurav travelled 1400 kilometers from Mumbai to Delhi in three days.

  • In Delhi, he repacked his belongings and continued. He arrived in Manali in two days. It felt so good to be in the highlands and breathe fresh air! The true adventure was about to begin.

  • To get to Leh, Ladakh, Jani had to travel across tough roads in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

New Home

  • All he required was food and a tent to keep him warm during the night. He could barely sleep in his nylon tent because it was so little.

  • Outside the tent, Loner stood to watch. Gaurav was awakened by the sound of birds and the breeze to view the sunrise.

Cold Desert

  • For the first time, he witnessed a freezing desert, which is high, dry, and flat. Ladakh receives extremely little rain.

  • Gaurav came to a peaceful area lined with lovely white buildings. He noticed that he was being pursued by a bunch of children as he rode slowly. 'Jule, jule,' they said, which means 'welcome, welcome.'

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A Home with Tashi

  • Gaurav was dragged to Tashi's house by Tashi. It was a two-story structure. The home was constructed of stones that were stacked one on top of the other.

  • From the inside, the house resembled a shed, with a large amount of hay stacked inside. They climbed the wooden steps to the first floor. Tashi stated, "This is where we dwell." "Our animals and important items are kept on the ground floor."

  • Tashi then led Gaurav to her house's roof. On some of the red chilies, there were orange pumpkins and golden yellow corn drying out, and on others, there were orange pumpkins and golden yellow corn.

People Living on the Top of the World

  • Loner struggled to zigzag along the small, rocky mountain paths. There have been no roads at all in several places.

  • He was making the way towards Changthang's rugged plains. This location is over 5000 meters above sea level.

  • Gaurav noticed some tents in the distance. He was curious as to who resided there and what they were doing with this remote location.

The Changpa

  • Gaurav met Namgyal there and learned about the Changpa people, who live in the mountains. Only roughly 5000 people make up the Changpa tribe.

  • With their goats and sheep, the Changpas are constantly on the go.

  • They obtain all they need from these - milk, meat, tent skins, and wool for coats and sweaters. Their only valuable possession is a herd of goats.

  • On my motorcycle, he was hauling very little of his belongings. The Changpas, on the other hand, transport all they have on their horses and yaks.

  • "Welcome to our home," Namgyal remarked as he took me to the large cone-shaped tent. Rebo is the name of their tent.

  • Yak hair is weaved into strips that are then sewn together. These are robust and warm, and they keep them safe from the icy winds.

  • The temperature goes much below zero in the winter! The wind is blowing at a speed of 70 km/h.

  • There was a spot to keep sheep and goats near the Rebo. This is referred to as Lekha by Changpas. Lekha's walls are built of stones.

Towards Srinagar

  • Gaurav’s return route would pick him up from this unique corner of the world to places that appeared to be from another planet. He took an alternative route from Leh this time.

  • He spent a couple of days in Srinagar. The houses there astounded Gaurav. They snatched his heart.

  • In Leh, he had a fantastic time living in the mountains, and in Srinagar, Gaurav had a fantastic time living on the river.

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Facts of Houses in Srinagar

  • Homes in Kashmiri communities are constructed from cut stones that are stacked one on top of the other and covered in mud. Also employed is wood.

  • The homes feature roofs that slope. In Srinagar, a "donga" is home to many families.

  • These boats can be observed in the Jhelum River and Dal Lake. The "donga" looks exactly like a house from the inside, complete with several rooms.

  • A unique form of window that protrudes from the wall is found in some older homes. This is known as "dab." It features a gorgeous wood pattern. To sit here and take in the scenery is fantastic!

  • Stone, bricks, and wood make up the local historic houses. The windows and doors have lovely arches (mehraab).

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  • The most popular destination in Srinagar for both tourists and locals is Dal Lake, an urban lake that is the second-largest lake in Jammu & Kashmir.

  • One distinctive feature of this lake is the floating gardens, or "Rad" in Kashmiri. Other unique aspects of Dal include houseboats and shikaras.

  • To see the breathtaking views of the lake, many people choose to stay on a houseboat, while both tourists and locals enjoy taking shikaras for transportation.

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  • The finest Cashmere wool, from Ladakh, is used to make Pashmina shawls.

  • A unique species of goats that produce Cashmere as down fibre live in the Changthang region of Ladakh.

  • Today, the term "pashmina" can be used to describe both the fabric and the Kashmir shawl variation manufactured from it.

  • Ladakh is always extremely chilly and dry for the majority of the year due to its high altitude.

  • The atmosphere is so thin that you can really feel the heat of the sun.

  • In this area, there is only 10 cm of annual rainfall. This is due to the fact that it is located in the Himalayas' rain shadow.

  • Burning sunlight and icy winds are common in the area.

Return Journey

  • Loner and Gaurav were ready to arrive in Mumbai after a long journey.

  • He was pleased that he had learned and experienced so much fresh information. In his camera, Gaurav had also dragged back some memories.

The Theme of the Chapter

  • This chapter emphasizes how travelling allows people to form personal connections through learning about diverse cultures, foods, new places, music, and the way people live their lives in different areas of the world.

  • Travelling tells the significance of the exposure to other exposures.

  • The chapter talks about the valuable aspects of travelling are the connections and relationships formed during one's stay.

Practice Questions

Q1: Imagine that you were to stay alone in a small tent for two days and could take with you only ten things. Make a list of those ten things.

Ans: If I were to spend two days alone in the tent, I would bring blankets, clothes, food, repellents, water, a protective guard, a first aid kit, a camera, a lamp, woollen clothing, and shoes, among other things.

Q2: What are the different types of houses that you have seen? Tell your friends about it. Make drawings too.

Ans: I've seen cave houses, castles, apartments, single-family detached houses, carriages, and other structures.

Q3: During winters, Tashi and his family live on the ground floor. Why would they be doing so?

Ans: Tashi and his family would stay on the ground floor during the winter because their ground floor has no windows, which would keep them warm from the cold.

Q4: What is the roof of your house like? What is the roof used for?

Ans: My roof is shaped like a flat surface. We utilize the rooftop to dry clothing, food, and other goods. We lie on the rooftop during the summer since it is too hot inside the house.

Solved Examples

Q1:  What are the materials used for making your house? Is it mud, brick, stone, wood, or cement?

Ans: Mud, brick, cement, glass, wood, stone, and other materials are needed to construct my home.

Q2: Can you guess the similarities and differences between the life of the Bakarwal people and the life of the Changpas.

Ans: There are a few parallels between the lives of the Bakarwal and the Changpas.

  • They reside in the Jammu and Kashmir Himalayas.

  • They are always shifting from one location to another.

  • They make a living by selling the fur that these animals provide.

  • They eat meat from animals like sheep, yak, and goats.

The Life of the Bakarwal Differs from that of the Changpas in the Following Ways.

Any sort of goat or sheep can be seen by the Bakarwal people in any location. And only go at low altitudes. However, Changpas only look for a specific type of goat at high altitudes since their wool is exceptionally soft and expensive.

Importance of CBSE Class 5 EVS Chapter 13 A Shelter So High

Chapter 13 is a beautiful description of shelters a traveller observed at different locations in India. He was travelling on his motorcycle to cover different states. The houses in the hilly areas looked entirely different from that of the planes.

He also explained in A Shelter So High how the shelters in the hilly areas also vary due to diversity in the climatic conditions across a year. He travelled from cold deserts to arid mountains, from hilly areas to the plains.

He also met nomads who do not have a permanent home. They live in tents and carry their possessions on horses. They graze goats and live amidst mountains, changing locations now and then. This is how the writer explains the different types of shelter in this chapter. This chapter is important to understand the differences in lifestyle and residences in India.

Benefits of A Shelter So High Chapter PDF Worksheets and Revision Notes

  • The use of the simplified description of this chapter in the form of revision notes will help you to cover the syllabus faster. You will learn the fundamental concepts explained in this EVS chapter easily and thoroughly. Understand the concepts well and make sentences on shelter for Class 5 exams.

  • Covering all the topics will not be a problem with these notes. You will also learn the similarities between Ladakh and West Bengal houses with very less doubts in mind from the explanation given by the experts.

  • After preparing this chapter, solve the worksheet and find out your comprehension level. Learn from the solutions how to formulate the ideal Class 5 EVS Chapter 13 question answer to score more in the exams.

  • Understand the importance of this chapter in the Class 5 EVS syllabus. Learn from the features of different shelters and see if you can identify and tell yourself “this is the apartment we live in. It provides shelter.”


The CBSE Class 5 EVS Chapter 13, "A Shelter So High," provided by Vedantu, explores the concept of shelters. This chapter likely discusses various types of shelters, emphasizing their importance in our lives. While the exact content may vary, it's crucial to pay attention to sections that highlight key features or examples of high-class shelters. These sections could offer valuable insights into how people create comfortable and sophisticated living spaces. Make sure to focus on understanding the significance of different shelters and how they contribute to our well-being and lifestyle. For further details, consider referring to the provided PDF download for a comprehensive overview.

FAQs on A Shelter So High Class 5 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 13 (Free PDF Download)

1. Why do the nomads carry everything wherever they go?

Nomads carry everything as they do not build a permanent shelter. They make a temporary home with tents and move to other locations when needed.

2. Why are the plain land houses different from those on the mountains?

The houses on the plains get more rainfall and the climate is not harsh. Mountains receive snowfall and are mostly arid. This is why the houses are different in these topographies.

3. What do you mean by people living on the top of the world?

Some people live in the mountains at a great height. This is why they are called people living at the top of the world.