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When the Earth Shook Class 5 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 14 (Free PDF Download)

Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
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Fine Preparation with When the Earth Shook Revision Notes and Worksheets for Chapter 14

Chapter 14 of the Class 5 EVS syllabus explains the horror of an earthquake etched in a child’s mind. It explains what happens when a devastating earthquake hits an area. Houses and buildings break down and people are injured severely. Many people die as they cannot escape the rumbles of the houses. It also explains how houses in earthquake-prone areas should be built to avoid damage. To understand When the Earth Shook! summary, refer to the notes prepared by the subject experts.

These When the Earth Shook! revision notes are the ideal means to complete preparing this chapter. You will find understanding the context much easier from the simpler explanation given by the experts.

Class 5 EVS Revision Notes - Chapter-wise List

The class 5 EVS notes will help students prepare better for their examinations. They are prepared by experts and are in accordance with the latest CBSE syllabus and guidelines.

Access Class 5 Environmental Science Chapter 14: When the Earth Shook

Summary of When the Earth Shook

  • An earthquake is a natural calamity.

  • The shaking of the earth causes earthquakes.

  • On 26 January 2001, an earthquake affected the Kutch area known as Bhuj in Gujarat.

  • Several buildings got demolished and a lot of lives were affected.

  • The government, many organizations, and people from other cities donated food, medicines, and clothes.

  • In the case of a natural calamity, people extend a helping hand. Because of this, humans live together in communities.

  • The people of the village worked together to rebuild their village. They built huts with a mixture of clay and cow dung cakes which were earthquake resistant.

  • No rain cause drought and scarcity of food causes famine.

A Bad Dream

  • Jasma was 11 years old when the earthquake took place on 26 January 2001 in the Kutch area of Gujarat.

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  • All the people of the village were gathered on the ground of the school to watch the parade on TV

  • All the people were in panic when the earth was shaking, within a few mins, the village was destroyed.

  • Everything such as food, clothes, grains, and pots, all were buried under the ruins of the fallen houses.

  • The hospital was also destroyed.

  • Jasma’s leg got fractured.

  • Six people died that day.

  • The people had only one thing in mind, to treat the people who are injured and save the people who were trapped under the ruins.

  • Jasma’s grandfather was also trapped under the ruins of their house.

  • All the people took shelter in the house of the sarpanch(Motabapu), as his house was not much damaged.

  • The sarpanch provided them with food supplies and a place to stay and cook food for everyone.

  • The village women cooked food together at Motabapu’s house and fed everyone.

Help Arrives

  • After some days after the earthquake, people from different cities started coming to the village to lend their helping hand.

  • They came with food, medicines, and clothes.

  • People from different groups helped them to put up tents where they could live.

  • Some scientists also came. They were examining the area to find out which areas are more prone to earthquakes.

  • The engineers and architects suggested to them how to build their houses so that they don’t get damaged in case of another earthquake.

  • They told to build their house with clay and cow dung cakes so they don’t get affected by earthquakes.

  • The groups built the village school and the villages took their help and build their village.

  • They put those cakes on one another to make the walls then whitewashed the walls and decorated them with beautiful designs and small pieces of mirrors then put a thatched roof.

Drought & Flood

  • A disaster is a sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life.

  • When there is extreme scarcity of food, that situation is known as famine.

  • The scarcity of water due to a prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, in an area is known as drought.

  • Drought impacts on sanitation, air quality, and hygiene, and food and nutrition.

  • More disease, such as West Nile Virus carried by mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water can be caused due to drought.

  • Flood refers to an overflow of a large amount of water beyond its normal limits, especially over what is normally a dry land.

  • Flood can have some major impacts on humanity such as loss of human life, destruction of crops, damage to property, loss of livestock, and deterioration of health conditions resulting in waterborne diseases, etc.

Solved Examples

1. A lot of people from other places came to Jasma’s village. Who were these people? In what ways would they have helped the villagers?

Ans: Many people traveled from cities to visit Jasma's village. Some may have come from non-governmental organizations. Some of them were researchers. Some of them could have been doctors or other medical personnel.

They could have aided by bringing much-needed relief. They brought food, clothing, medicines, and other necessities. The scientists wanted to find out which areas were more vulnerable to earthquakes. They also desired to construct houses that would not have been damaged in the event of an earthquake.

2. People in Jasma’s village rebuilt their houses with suggestions from the engineers. Will these houses be safer than before in case there is an earthquake again? Why?

Ans: People in Jasma's village rebuilt their homes based on the engineers' recommendations. Engineers recommended building houses in such a way that there would be minimal damage in the event of an earthquake. As a result, these homes would be safer in the event of another earthquake.

3. Think, if there were an earthquake where you live, would your house be in danger? What kind of damage could take place?

Ans: My house would undoubtedly be in danger in the event of an earthquake in my area. Walls may develop cracks, and in the worst-case scenario, roofs may collapse. Household items such as televisions, refrigerators, and so on would also be harmed. There is also the risk of fire.

4. Have you been told in your school or anywhere else about what to do in case of an earthquake?

Ans: Yes, there was a drill to practise what to do in the event of an earthquake. We were directed to an open area. If a person is unable to go to an open area, he was taught to hide under a table and tightly grip it.

Practise Questions

1. Why do you think one should go under a table during an earthquake?

Ans: The table can save a person's life if a house collapses during an earthquake. As a result, during an earthquake, one should seek shelter beneath a table.

2. Why do people live together in a neighbourhood?
Ans: People in a neighbourhood live together so that they can help each other in times of crisis. They also live together in order to share their joy with one another.

Important Points to Remember

  • People should be taught what steps to take in case of any natural calamity.

  • Everyone should help the ones in need.

  • At schools, children should be taught what to do during an earthquake.

  • During any natural disaster, people should stick together.

Importance of CBSE Class 5 EVS Chapter 14 When the Earth Shook!

Chapter 14 is an important part of the Class 5 EVS syllabus where students learn what happens when an earthquake hits an area. The child in this story explains how the child is terrified and still has bad dreams of the horrifying situations of an earthquake.

He explained how his village was ransacked by an earthquake. Every person in that village was terrified and did not know what to do. An entire village was ruined. Even the animals were injured severely. Six people died that day. This chapter also explains why people live together in a neighbourhood.

When the Earth Shook! explains how help arrived from different parts of the country. Engineers and architects explained why all the houses were damaged and how they should have been built.

Everyone in the village lent their hands to rebuild the village. It shows how it is important to help each other in a disastrous time. The chapter explains what precautions we should maintain when an earthquake hits.

Benefits of Vedantu’s When the Earth Shook! Revision Notes and Worksheets

  • The entire chapter has been explained in a simpler version for your better understanding. Get the context of this chapter and resolve doubts on your own. Find out what happened during an earthquake in that village and prepare every Class 5 EVS Chapter 14 question answer.

  • Complete preparing this chapter and test your skills with the worksheets. Solve them and compare your answers with the solutions. When the Earth Shook! Class 5 EVS worksheets with answers will help you get the best idea to formulate accurate answers for better scores.

  • Take a quick look at revision notes before an exam to cover everything in a lesser span of time. These will ensure you haven’t missed any important topic of Chapter 14.

Download When the Earth Shook Revision Notes PDF

CBSE Class 5 EVS Chapter 14, "When the Earth Shook," is like the summary or ending of a story. It wraps up what you learned about earthquakes. The important part could be understanding how earthquakes happen and what to do to stay safe. These notes, provided by Vedantu, probably help you study and remember key points. So, if you've read about why the Earth shakes and how to be safe during earthquakes in Class 5, this conclusion likely brings those ideas together and reminds you of what's important about the topic.

FAQs on When the Earth Shook Class 5 Notes CBSE EVS Chapter 14 (Free PDF Download)

1. Why were all the houses destroyed in the village?

An earthquake shook the ground where the houses were built. The houses were unable to handle the vibrations and crumbled.

2. Why were people injured in the earthquake?

It is not easy to understand or determine when and where an earthquake will hit. People take time to evacuate their homes and get trapped under the rubbles. This is why they were injured in the earthquake.

3. What should we do if an earthquake hits?

 If an earthquake hits, we should find an empty space away from the buildings and trees. If there is no time then take shelter under a strong surface such as a table and hold on tightly.