NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 - Too Much Water Too Little Water

NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 – Too Much Water Too Little Water teaches about the importance of water in our life. We cannot live without water. So, it is very important to use water very carefully. We must not waste water at all. At the same time, it is important to know that our drinking water should be clean and safe. Unclean water may cause many diseases and disturb our health. There are methods to make our drinking water clean and safe. 

Our experienced teachers and subject-experts have designed the NCERT Solutions in such a way that you can easily understand the concept. If you have any doubt or if you want to make your foundation more strong then you can reach out to them anytime on our website. You can download the NCERT Solutions in pdf format for EVS Class 4 from Vedantu’s official website. You can cross-check your answers from the solutions given by us.

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NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 part-1

Study Important Questions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 – Too Much Water, Too Little

1. How can unclean or dirty water harm our bodies?

Ans: Disease-causing microorganisms can be found in unclean or polluted water. The use of contaminated water can result in a variety of skin disorders, as well as diarrhoea, cholera, and dysentery.


2. Have you ever got dirty or unclean water in your area? What was the reason for this?

Ans: Yes, I received contaminated water from the tap in my neighbourhood because a major pipeline had ruptured, and tainted water had entered it.


3. Do you know anyone who has fallen sick because of such water? Talk about this.

Ans: Yes, my grandmother experienced diarrhoea once after drinking polluted water from the tap at our house.


4. When the guest came to Suguna’s house, they offered him a cold drink, because they thought he should not drink such water. What do you think Suguna’s family must be doing for their drinking water?

Ans: Suguna's family must be employing the methods outlined below to make the water drinkable.

1. Boiling 

2. Water purifier 

3. Use of alum


5. The guest said he did not take cold drinks. Why do you think he said this?

Ans: I believe he said this because cold drinks are high in sugar, and he must be diabetic. Or he was sick with a cold.


6. Have you ever faced a shortage of water in your house? When?

Ans: Yes, we had a water scarcity in our home when a pipeline in our neighbourhood broke, causing water supplies to be affected.


7. What did you do then?

Ans: We got bisleri water bottles from a nearby shop to drink water while there was a water shortage in our house.


8. Have you ever played in water? Where and when?

Ans: When I travelled to my village, I did play in the water. The property had a large tank where my siblings and I used to play.


9. Are there times when you are not allowed to play in the water? What are the reasons for this?

Ans: Yes, I am frequently prohibited from playing in the water. The reasons behind this are as follows:

1. If I play in the chilly water, I might get cold.

2. If the water is tainted, I am at risk of contracting skin problems.


10. Have you seen the MatkaMatkawastage of water in your area? Discuss.

Ans: Yes, I've witnessed water waste in my neighbourhood. People frequently do not turn off the tap and leave the water running when brushing, washing utensils, or shaving.


11. The water park had a lot of water to play in, but the nearby village people did not have water even to drink. Think about it and discuss

Ans: Water parks provide entertainment, but drinking water is a basic human need, so I believe that everyone's drinking water needs should be met first.


12: If you go to a water park, find out where the water comes to the park.

Ans: In Jabalpur, I visited the SeaWorld water park. The Narmada River supplies the park with water.


13. Why was Raziya worried when she read the newspaper?

Ans: According to a report in the newspaper, the gutter combined with the water in the drinking water, resulting in tainted drinking water coming from Raziya's tap. Raziya was concerned after reading this news in the newspaper.


14. Raziya asked that all the water that was filled the previous day should be thrown. Could this water have been used for something else? What kind of things?

Ans: Yes, this water can be used for other purposes such as watering plants, building structures, and so on.


15. In what way did she plan to clean the water?

Ans: She intended to disinfect the water by boiling it, as bacteria in the water are killed when it is boiled.


16. Do you know of different ways to clean the water? Describe them.

Ans: Water can be disinfected by filtering and adding chlorine tablets, or by filtering and mixing chlorine tablets and adding alum.


17. Suppose, Raziya had not read the news and everyone had drunk the water without boiling it, what could have happened?

Ans: All the family members may have become ill if Raziya had not read the news and everyone had sipped the water without boiling it.


18. Where Deepak lives, everyone must stand in a queue to fill water from the common public tap. In Raziya’s house, water comes all day in the tap. Why is this?

Ans: Deepak lives in a slum and comes from a poor household, his mother cannot afford a personal water pipeline, Deepak must stand in line to fill his water bottle from a public tap but Raziya lives in a society with a good water storage system.


19. Raziya read news about the water in the newspaper. Have you read any news about the water in the newspapers? What kind of news?

Ans: Yes, I have read water-related news in the newspaper. According to the news, Bangalore would no longer have access to groundwater after March 2020.


20. Put a () in the right box or boxes

a. Where does the water in your school come from?

Tap             Tank       ✔    Hand Pump          Any other 


b. In your school, where do you take water to drink?

Tap     ✔      Tank             Hand Pump          Any other 


21. If there is no tap, matka or hand pump, then how do you get drinking water?

Ans: I'll get drinking water from a nearby river or well if there isn't a tap, Matka, or hand pump.


22. Is there water in all the taps or handpumps?

Ans: Yes, there is water in all of my school's faucets.


23. Is there any tap that is leaking or dripping?

Ans: Yes, one of the faucets is dripping. We told our teacher about it, and she said she'd take care of it.


24. Are all the matkas filled with water and are they covered?

Ans: Yes, because it is summer, all the matkas are filled with water and are also covered.


25. Are the matkas and other water containers cleaned regularly?

Ans: The matkas and other water containers are cleaned regularly.


26. How is water made safe for drinking?

Ans: Chlorination and the use of a water filter make water safe to consume.


27. Is there a long-handled ladle to take water from the Matka or container? How many ladles are there per container?

Ans: Yes, you can get water from the matka with a long-handled ladle. There is one ladle per matka.


28. Is the place around the drinking water–taps or matkas cleaned regularly?

Ans: Yes, the area around the matka is cleaned regularly.


29. Why do the drinking water places get dirty?

Ans: It is because of the students' shoes, the drinking water spots become filthy, and water frequently spills when students take water from the Matka.


30. What can we do to keep these places clean?

Ans: Following things can be done to keep these places clean

1. When getting water from the matka, students should be careful not to spill it.

2. When entering the drinking water area, students should remove their shoes.


31. How often (once a day, once in two days, etc.) are the containers or matkas and ladles cleaned? Who cleans them?

Ans: Once a day, the matkas are cleaned. They are cleaned by a sweeper.


32. How many children are there in your school? How many taps, matkas or hand pumps are there? Are these sufficient for children?

Ans: My school has a total of 2000 students. There are 30 matkas and 15 taps. Yes, this is adequate for children.


33. Who cleans the places near the water?

Ans: The sweeper cleans the area around the water.


34. Where does the water that is spilt go?

Ans: The spiltbringregularly water runs down the drain.


35. Observe and Note –

Put () in the box and write wherever it is required –

a. What are the toilet arrangements in your school?

Built toilet                       Open area

Ans: Built toilet        


36. How many toilets are there?

Ans: My school has a total of 16 restrooms.


37. Are there separate toilets for girls and boys? Yes or No

Ans: Yes    ✔   


38. Is there water in the toilets? Yes or No

Ans: Yes    


39. Where does the water come from?

a. the tap                                   Yes or No

Ans: a. the tap   Yes         


b. filled containers                  Yes or No

Ans: b. filled containers     Yes        


c. must be brought from home     Yes or No

Ans: must be brought from home     Yes     


40. Is there water for washing hands near the toilet?    Yes or No

Ans: Yes             


41. Do you wash your hands after using the toilet?  Yes or No

Ans:  Yes      


42. Is there any tap that is leaking or dripping? Yes or No

Ans: No    


43. Are the toilets kept clean? Yes or No

Ans:  Yes      


44. How many boys and girls are there in your school?

Ans: Girls = 980           boys = 1020

 

45. How many toilets are there for girls, and how many for boys?

Ans: Girls = 8           boys = 8


46. If there are no taps, who bring the water to the toilet? From where does the water have to be brought?

Ans: Students, instructors, and sweepers will all bring water from a nearby well if there are no taps. 


47. Who keeps the place clean?

Ans: Sweepers maintain the area tidy.


48. What can be done to keep the toilets clean?

Ans: To maintain the toilets clean, perform the following things.

1. After using the toilet, everyone should always flush.

2. Toilets must be cleaned regularly to remain clean.


49. What can each of us do about this?

Ans: To maintain the toilets clean, we can do the following.

1. After using the toilet, we should always flush.

2. Females should dispose of their sanitary napkins in the trash.


50. Have you seen toilets at bus stands or railway stations? How are they different from the toilets at home?

Ans: Yes, I've noticed the restrooms near the bus stop. They aren't as clean as our toilet.


NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 Too Much Water Too Little Water

In a place called Nallamada in Andhra Pradesh, people don’t get clean water to drink. People have got used to drinking dirty water. When a visitor from the city visited Shaguna’s house, her father offered cold drinks instead of drinking water because the water was not clean. You can fall sick if the water is not fit for drinking. Shaguna and her family must take all precautions to drink clean and safe water. How do we make water fit for drinking? We must filter the water. If we don’t have measures to filter then just boiling the water for ten minutes will kill all the germs in the water. After cooling, you can drink the water. It becomes safe for drinking. 

In Bazaar Gaon in Maharashtra, there is a big water park. There are many rides in the park and children enjoy a lot. Rohan had gone to the water park with his parents. He was very happy to see so many water fountains and water rides. He just started to enjoy the rides when he heard some commotion sound outside the gate of the park. When he went there he saw some women wanted to take some water from the park because there was absolutely no water in the wells and the tanker also did not come to give water. There was a scarcity of water in their colony and so they wanted water from the park. It is very disheartening to see how we use water in the parks for our selfish reasons and there is scarcity of water in another corner of the city. Life without water comes to a complete halt. We should decide what is important, the park or people’s life. 

In the Cuffe Parade apartment in Mumbai, Pushpa went to Razia’s house to work along with her son Deepak. Razia was reading a newspaper and she told Pushpa that there is an article in the newspaper that says, the gutter water got mixed with drinking water pipes. Razia asked her to throw all the water that was filled the previous day. She told Pushpa to fill fresh water and boil it. She also told Pushpa to take some water home because dirty water will cause vomiting and diarrhea. 

What should we do if we vomit and have diarrhea? When we vomit or when we have diarrhea, we lose extra water from our body and we might get dehydrated. During this time we should drink a lot of water. We should boil water first and then cool it before drinking. We can also add a pinch of sugar and salt in the water.

In the second section of NCERT Solutions for Class 4 EVS Chapter 18 – Too Much Water Too Little Water, is about a village called Holgundi in Karnataka where people were facing scarcity of water. The wells all dried up because of no rain. People were moving out of the village, which was a very big concern for the Panchayat. The Panchayat decided to consult with the children’s panchayat called Bhima Sangha. The elders of the village said that there was a well at the top of the hill but that also dried up. The children went to inspect the well and found that it was filled with stones and mud. There were cracks in the well wall. Children first cleaned the well and repaired the cracks. They planted plants and trees around the well. When the first rain came, the well was filled with water. They also left some fishes in the well. Slowly, over the years that area became green and the well was completely filled. Ever since then the villagers never faced the scarcity of water. 


Conclusion

From this lesson, we have learnt that water is very essential for our living. We should have safe and clean drinking water so that we don’t fall sick. We should use water very carefully so that everyone gets water. We should plant more trees for rain to come every year. 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How do you make water safe for drinking?

We should filter or boil the water properly to kill all the germs present in the water. If we drink dirty water then we will fall sick.

2. Why should you plant more trees for rain to come every year?

If we plant more trees then trees can absorb water from the soil and release it in the air. The water then evaporates and forms clouds. Clouds bring rain.

3. How is NCERT EVS for class 3 help the students?

The content in the NCERT EVS book for Class 4 is consolidated in a very unique format. The chapters in the NCERT EVS provide children a lot of space to explore on their own. In order to engage the child with the book, a variety of themes have been used. The lessons are in the form of narratives, poems, stories, puzzles, jigsaw, comic strips, etc. Stories and narratives are the tools that stimulate children as they can easily relate with the characters in the stories or narratives. The language also is very simple so that they can easily understand. Active participation among the children is very important in constructing knowledge so the exercises behind the chapters are designed in that mode.

4. Can any teacher help me with my studies?

The teachers in Vedantu are very experienced and skilled in all subjects. They can help you with all your doubts and can strengthen your concepts. They are trained to understand the requirements of every child and interact with them accordingly. They are very friendly and will help you to boost your confidence.  Be rest assured that you will be in the safe hands of our teachers.

5. What should we do if we have diarrhoea and vomiting according to Chapter 18 -Too Much Water Too Little Water of Class 4 EVS?

We lose excess water from our bodies when we vomit or have diarrhoea, and we may get dehydrated. We should drink enough water throughout this period and have water-rich food. Before drinking the water, we should make sure it is distilled or use  boiled water. In the water, add a pinch of sugar and salt. Also, you can add in some glucose in your water to make sure that your body doesn’t miss on important nutrients that are required for recovery.

6. What is ORS and what are its ingredients?

ORS stands for Oral Rehydration Solution and it can be used by a person to decrease fluid loss when that person suffers from Diarrhoea. Its ingredients are sugar, salt and water. It is made by mixing all these ingredients and it is given to the person sick from Diarrhoea from time to time to make sure that he or she doesn’t lose any more of the fluid to help them recover. 

7. How is drinking water cleaned in your house?

Drinking water is cleaned using a RO water purifier in my house. The RO water purifier is a device that is used to purify water and remove all the impurities that might harm our bodies. As the tap water is not safe for drinking, most of the houses in the cities use this to make sure that the water they drink is potable and free of any ailment.

8. How can unclean or dirty water harm our body according to Chapter 18 -Too Much Water Too Little Water of Class 4 EVS?

Unclean or dirty water can harm our bodies in various ways. It can cause vomiting and diarrhoea that are serious diseases. The contaminated water might also cause diseases like typhoid and cholera. When one is infected by these diseases, they lose extra water from their body and become dehydrated. At this time, one should drink a lot of fluids and drink the water only after making sure that it is clean and fit for drinking. They can also mix some salt and sugar in it to make sure that their body retains those fluids. 

9. What are the benefits of NCERT Solutions of Chapter 18 -Too Much Water Too Little Water of Class 4 EVS?

The importance of water in our lives is taught in NCERT Solutions for Chapter 18 -Too Much Water Too Little Water of Class 4 EVS.  Without water, we would perish. As a result, it is important to use water with caution. We must not squander any water. At the same time, it's critical to understand that the water we drink should be pure and safe. Water that is contaminated can cause a variety of illnesses and harm to our health. There are ways to purify and disinfect our drinking water.

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